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‘The Glasse of Righteousnes’: an English translation of Den Spegel der Gherechticheit, by Hendrik Niclaes

See the table of contents below. On the spine is stamped ‘The Glasse of Righteousness by H. Nichol of the family of Love. M.S.S. Anno M. D. LXXX.’



f. i r: Title: ‘The Glasse of Righteousnes. (Speculum Justitiae) Through the holy Spirit of the Love of Jesus Christ and the deified Man, out of the Heavenly truth witnessed and published. To a declareing the Headsumme of the Upright Righteousnes or Kingly crowne of the Everlasting life. And is by HN perused anew and playnely or Distinctly declared. Translated out of Base-almayne. … ANNO. M. D. LXXX.’

f. 1v: Print of a symbolic representation of the Last Judgement, headed, in Low German, ‘Nu geit idt Gerichte ŏuer de Werlt: nu wert de Fŏrste desser Werlt vth-geworpen. Joan. 12.’ (John xii. 31). [1590 x 1630.]
The illustration depicts, in the words of the British Museum catalogue, ‘an angel hovering above two large orbs; a devil and skeleton standing on the right orb as it is swallowed by a hell mouth [with a lamb in front]; at left the same orb upturned, crush-ing the devil, the lamb with the flag of the resurrection standing on top of the fallen skeleton’. The angel carries a label inscribed ‘Nu is idt Heil de Kraft, vnde idt Ryck vnserem Gode geworden vnde de Macht Synem Christo Apoc 12’ (Rev. xii. 10). The lambs are each labelled ‘De Wech de Waerheit vnde idt Leuen’ (‘The Way, the Truth, and the Life’); the devils are each labelled ‘Sunde’ (‘Sin’).
Cf. British Museum No. 1870,0514.311.

f. 5r: ‘The First Booke. of the Glasse of Righteousnes.’
At the foot of the page is the date 1578.

f. 77r: Print of a symbolic representation of God in Heaven, 1656.
Engraved by Richard Gaywood. The print depicts a sun with the tetragrammaton in the centre, surrounded by clouds and a heavenly host. At the head is the text ‘Ego primus et ego novissimus: alpha et omega Is. 44.48. Ap.1.21.22’, and round the sun is ‘Coronae assimilabo judicium meum. 4.Esd.5.’ This is an elaboration of the device which appears on the title-page of several of Niclaes’s books, e.g. The Prophetie of the Spirit of Love (1574).

f. 78r: ‘The Second Booke of the Glasse of Righteousnes.’

f. 201r: ‘The Third Booke of the Glasse of Righteousnes.’

f. 295r: ‘The Tree of Life | The Fourth Booke of the Glasse of Righteousnes.’

f. 403r: Print of a heart and other emblems, captioned with verses beginning ‘Our Heart is the Minde of God’, [17th c.].
Two hands clasped in greeting in front of a lily, within a heart surrounded by rays of light, clouds, and winged heads. Above the hands are the words ‘Love trueth’, and amidst the clouds are the tetragrammaton and the word ‘Emmanuel’. Below the illustration are the following verses: ‘Our Heart is the Minde of God most high. Our Beeing amiable, as the sweet Lillie. Our faitfullnes Love and Trueth upright, Is Gods Light. life, and Cleernes bright.’

Poems of the time of Charles II, Part I

Poems and other literary pieces, with transcripts of some diplomatic documents. On the spine is stamped: ‘M.S.S. Poems of the Time of Charles II. Collected for Robert Viscount Bodmin. Part I.’

Robartes, Robert (1634–1682), 1st Viscount Bodmin, diplomat

History of Charles IX, Books I and II, by Antoine Varillas

This volume contains the text of the first two Books of Varillas’s Histoire de Charles IX. This work, which comprised ten Books in all, was first published in two volumes in 1683, though it had previously circulated in MS. On the spine is written ‘Charles. 9. Liure 1. et 2’.

Varillas, Antoine (1624–1696), French historian

Statutes of the Compagnia della Misericordia of Florence; ‘Diceria di Santa Nafissa’, by Annibale Caro; ‘Che non è ingiuria il dire “Tu se’ un Bue”’, by Giovanni Antonio Papini

(1) ‘Capitoli della Compagnia della Miseria [sic].’ Copied from Antonio Maria Biscioni’s transcript of a MS of about 1478 (see f. 10v). (2) (ff. 1r–4r) ‘Diceria di Santa Nafissa Al Sesto Re della Virtu’, by Annibale Caro. Copied on 23 Nov. 1731 from a MS belonging to Gaetano Bernestat (see f. 4r). (ff. 5r–29v) ‘Che non è ingiuria il dire Tu se’ un Bue’, by Papini. All the items in are in Papini’s hand. The inscription on the spine is indistinct.

Biscioni, Antonio Maria (1674–1756), Italian scholar

Account of the imprisonment of Philipp Camerarius and Peter Rieterus, with copies of related papers

See the table of contents below. On the spine is stamped ‘Relatio de Captivitate Camerarii MS.’



ff. 1r–29v: Account of the imprisonment of Philipp Camerarius and Peter Rieter.
Printed in Shelhorn, pp. 1–76 (second sequence).

ff. 29v–40v: Account of Camerarius’s journey to Padua through Lombardy, 28 Sept.–23 Oct. 1613.
Headed ‘Lit. A.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 47–68 (first sequence).

ff. 41r–41v: Extract from Christophori Rosenbuchs Replica auff deß Calumnianten Lucæ Osian-dri Verantwortung wider die Jesuiter (1586).
In German. Headed ‘Lit: B.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 77–8 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. A.’

ff. 41v–42r: Letter from [Philipp Camerarius] to Joachim Camerarius.
Headed ‘Lit. C.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 78–9 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. B.’

ff. 42r–43r: Letter from Piero Vettori to Joachim Camerarius.
Headed ‘Lit. D.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 79–80 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. C.’

ff. 43r–44r: Petition on behalf of Philipp Camerarius and Peter Reiter, subscribed by Heinrichus Carolus à Kirchberg and nine others, 18 Sept. 1565.
Headed ‘Lit. E.’ Dated at Rome.
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 81–3 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. D.’

ff. 43r–44r: Petition on behalf of Philipp Camerarius and Peter Reiter, subscribed by Heinrichus Carolus à Kirchberg and nine others, 18 Sept. 1565.
Headed ‘Lit. E.’ Dated at Rome.
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 81–3 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. D.’

ff. 44r–45v: Letter from Christoph Führer to Carl Führer, 15 June 1565, with short references to other letters and an extract from another.
In German. Headed ‘Lit. F.’ Dated at Venice.
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 83–5 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. E.’

ff. 46r–47v: Letter from Jacob Palaeologus to Joachim Camerarius, 25 July [1565].
Headed ‘Lit: G.’ Dated at Prague.
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 86–8 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. F.’

ff. 47v: Letter from Zacharias Delphinus to Joachim Camerarius, 30 Jan. 1566.
Headed ‘Lit: H.’
Printed in Schelhorn, p. 89 (second sequence), as ‘Lit. G.’

ff. 48r–49v: Petitions by the German nation at the University of Bologna to the (i) the Cardinal of Ems and (ii) the imperial legate, July 1565.
Marked in the margin ‘N.o 1.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 89–92 (second sequence), as ‘Num. I.’

ff. 49v–50v: Petition [by the German nation at the University of Bologna] to Jacques-Hannibal, Count of Embs.
Headed ‘N.o 2.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 92–3 (second sequence), as ‘Num. II.’

ff. 50v–51v: Petition by the German nation at the University of Bologna to Francesco Crasso, [1565].
Headed ‘N.o 3.’
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 93–4 (second sequence), as ‘Num. III.’

ff. 51v–53r: Letters from Ludwig Gremp von Freudenstein to (i) — Zasius, and (ii) Johann Baptist Weber, 2 July 1565.
In German. Headed ‘N.o 4.’ Dated at Strasburg.
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 95–6 (second sequence), as ‘Num. IV.’

ff. 53r–53v: Letter from Erasmus Neustetter to Joachim Camerarius, 22 July 1565.
Headed ‘N.o 5.’
Printed in Schelhorn, p. 97 (second sequence), as ‘Num. V.’

ff. 53v–55r: Letters from the Duke of Bavaria to (i) Jacob Muffel and (ii) Pope Pius IV, 28 June 1565.
In German and Latin. Dated at Berg Castle. Headed ‘Lit. I.’ (ii) was evidently copied from a transcript sent with (i).
Printed in Schelhorn, pp. 98–9, as ‘Lit. H.’

ff. 55r–55v: Letter from Johannes Crato to Joachim Camerarius, 24 Aug. 1565.
Headed ‘Lit. K.’ Dated at Vienna.
Printed in Schelhorn, p. 100, as ‘Lit. I.’

ff. 55v–56r: Extracts from three letters from the Count of Arco, [imperial] orator at Rome, 4, 11, and 18 Aug. 1565.
In Italian. Headed ‘Lit. L.’ These extracts, or perhaps copies of the complete letters, were evidently sent with Crato’s letter above.
Printed in Schelhorn, p. 100–1, as ‘Lit. K.’

ff. 56r–56r: Letter from Philipp Camerarius to Joachim Camerarius, 3 Dec. [1565].
Headed ‘Lit. M.’ Dated at Ferrara.
Printed in Schelhorn, p. 101–4, as ‘Lit. L.’

Schelhorn, Johann Georg (1794–1773), German theologian

Papers, pamphlets, and prints on British politics and trade

On the spine is stamped ‘Pasguinades Anglaises de 1743 MSS.’ (The spelling ‘Pasguinades’ is probably due to a misreading of the title-page.) The writing on the interspersed leaves is all in the same hand.

The contents may be divided into the following sections (the section headings in inverted commas derive from the table of contents):

Satirical prints (ff. 5–15)
‘Papiers satyriques’ (ff. 16–34)
‘Brochures sur le commerce’ (ff. 35–99)
‘Brochures politiques’ (ff. 110–283)

Papers of Orator Henley

Most of the contents are notes for sermons or other addresses, or for self-improvement. Since notes relating to various subjects are often combined on a single sheet, succinct description is difficult, and many of the separate descriptions of the contents are not exhaustive.

Some of the sheets fall into obvious groups: for instance, ff. 41, 43–6, 32–7, 92–6, 91, 97–106 (in that order) are pages 7–64 of a booklet, of which f. 40 appears to have been the front cover, and ff. 156–62 and 107–11 appear to be parts of another booklet. Folios 64–5 and 47–50 may also belong together.

On the spine of the volume is stamped ‘Private Papers of Orator Henley’ and, at the foot, ‘1630’. (The label has come off, but the impression of the letters remains.)

Henley, John (1692–1756), dissenting minister and eccentric, known as Orator Henley

Inscriptions from alba amicorum

On the front cover is stamped ‘CL [i.e. 150] Orginal-Handschriften [sic] Welt-Berümter Männer’. Three or four letters have been scraped away after ‘CL’.

The contents of the book are mostly autograph inscriptions on slips, removed from various alba amicorum. Each slip typically contains a moral injunction or other text (most of which have been quoted in the individual descriptions), a complimentary message to the recipient, and the name and titles of the writer. A few are painted with arms or other designs. The slips on ff. 8r, 45r, 53r, 62r, 65r, 76r, 77r, 93r, 97r, 98r, 113r, 124r, and 147r have inscriptions on the front and the back.

In the descriptions of the individual items MS ‘j’ and ‘v’ have been printed ‘i’ and ‘u’ respectively where they represent vowels, and breves (˘) have been disregarded. The Greek characters ȣ and ϛ (stigma) been replaced by ου and στ respectively. The sources of texts have sometimes been indicated, though they are not usually mentioned on the slips themselves. It should be noted that in many cases the texts are adaptations rather than exact quotations.

Some slips share characteristics with others, indicating that they probably have a common origin. The most obvious of these groups are as follows:

(1) Five fairly small slips, all about 9 cm wide, though clearly trimmed, bearing inscriptions dated at Wittenberg in June and November 1593: ff. 28r, 29r, 51r, 87r, and 104r.

(2) Seven small slips of various sizes, all trimmed, bearing painted coats of arms, all undated but probably of the 17th c.: ff. 4r, 13r, 16r, 17r, 112r, 135r, and 146r.

(3) Nine slips, mostly trimmed but probably originally measuring about 9.5 by 15 cm, three of them written on both sides, bearing inscriptions dated as follows:

Leipzig, 25 Oct. 1667 (f. 53r)
Wittenberg, 27 Feb. 1670 (f. 147r)
Wittenberg, 1 Mar. 1670 (f. 93r, reverse)
Wittenberg, 1 Mar. 1670 (f. 26r)

Wittenberg, 1 Mar. 1670 (f. 86r)
Wittenberg, 1 Mar. 1670 (f. 111r)
[Leipzig], 30 Mar. 1670 (f. 99r)
Leipzig, 1 Apr. 1670 (f. 80r)
Leipzig, 7 Apr. 1670 (f. 147r, reverse)

Leipzig, 25 Apr. 1670 (f. 151r)
Leipzig, 28 Apr. 1670 (f. 93r)
Giessen, 15 May 1670 (f. 150r)

Ulm, [1671 x 1674?] (f. 53r, reverse)
These slips probably came from the album of Balthasar Friedrich Saltzmann, to whom those marked with asterisks are addressed.
(4) Thirty-eight slips, mostly measuring about 9.5 by 15 cm, six of them written on both sides, bearing inscriptions dated as follows:
Darmstadt, 22 Mar. 1709 (f. 77r)
Giessen, 3 Apr. 1709 (f. 90r)
Giessen, 3 Apr. 1709 (f. 14r)
Giessen, 3 Apr. 1709 (f. 142r)

Giessen, 5 Apr. 1709 (f. 136r)
Giessen, 7 Apr. 1709 (f. 77r, reverse)
Frankfurt am Main, 13 Apr. 1709 (f. 119r)
Arnstadt, 25 Sept. 1709 (f. 45, reverse)
Arnstadt, 26 Sept. 1709 (f. 107r)
[Leipzig], 6 Dec. 1709 (f. 106r)
Leipzig, 8 Dec. 1709 (f. 115r)
Leipzig, 9 Dec. 1709 (f. 76r)
Leipzig, 10 Dec. 1709 (f. 76r, reverse)

Leipzig, 11 Dec. 1709 (f. 11r)
Jena, 3 Mar. 1710 (f. 95r)
Jena, 20 May 1710 (f. 145r)
Jena, 21 May 1710 (f. 85r)
Jena, 22? May 1710 (f. 44r)
Jena, 22 May 1710 (f. 65r)
Jena, 28 May 1710 (f. 23r)
Jena, 29 May 1710 (f. 36r)
[Jena], May 1710 (f. 8r)
Halle, 4 Oct. 1710 (f. 20r)
Halle, 13 Nov. 1710 (f. 97r)
Halle, Nov. 1710 (f. 5r)
Halle, 22 Mar. 1711 (f. 84r)
Halle, 30 Apr. 1711 (f. 46r)
Halle, 13? May 1711 (f. 97r, reverse)
Leipzig, 13 May 1711 (f. 65r)
Wittenberg, 29 May 1711 (f. 83r)
Wittenberg, May 1711 (f. 42r)
Wittenberg, May 1711 (f. 31r)
Dresden, May 1711 (f. 109r)
Frankfurt an der Oder, 10 June 1711 (f. 32r)
Celle, 25 July 1711 (f. 88r)
Berlin, 29 June 1711 (f. 123r)
Hamburg, 20 Aug. 1711 (f. 8r, reverse)
Bremen, 28 Aug. 1711 (f. 92r)
Franeker, 7 Sept. 1711 (f. 138r)

Franeker, 7 Sept. 1711 (f. 62r, reverse)
Amsterdam, 12 Oct. 1711 (f. 39r)
Leiden, 17 Oct. 1711 (f. 62r)
The Hague, 21 Oct. 1711 (f. 96r)*
[Weimar], [1702 x 1725] (f. 45r)

Each of these slips is numbered in the top right-hand corner on one side, but there is no obvious pattern to the numbering. The slips probably came from the album of Elias Silberrad, to whom those marked with asterisks are addressed.

It may also be noted that there are two inscriptions dated at Lützelstein in 1618 (ff. 49r and 69r), two at Giessen in 1653 (ff. 43r and 56r), two at Jena on 10 April 1654 (ff. 30r and 101r), two at Leiden in 1713 (ff. 3r and 102r), seven at Halle in April 1717 (ff. 47r, 67r, 70r, 122r, 124r, 131r, and 148r), three at Halle in October 1740 (ff. 10r, 81r, 98r), and three at Jena in July 1741 (ff. 57r, 63r, and 68r).

The Constitutions and Canons of the Holy Apostles, edited by John Russell

Half-title, title, preface, and commentary on ‘The Constitutions of the Holy Apostles’, mostly in Russell’s hand, interspersed with annotated leaves from the second volume of William Whiston’s Primitive Christianity Reviv’d (1711), containing the text of the ‘Constitutions’ in Greek and English. Russell’s edition was not published. Folio 383 is part of a legal document dated 24 Feb. 1753, containing the names of Russell and Richard Ketchaside braced to the word ‘Teams’, followed by a list of labourers and the name of a constable. The date 1755 appears at the foot of the title-page and the date March 1757 is mentioned on f. 384r. On a label on the spine is stamped: ‘The Constitutions and Canons of the Apostles. Edited by the Rev. John Russell 1760. Original MS.’

Russell, John (1693/4–1762), Church of England clergyman

‘Coup d’oeil sur le mariage’, by Charles Bagard

A dissertation on marriage. The title of the work appears at the top of p. 1, with the motto ‘Spes animi credula mutui’ (Horace, Odes, IV. i. 30). At the end of the work (p. 36) is written ‘Fin du Coup d’oeil Sur Le mariage’. The text contains numerous alterations. For further details see the list of contents below. On the spine is stamped ‘Melanges de Bagard. M.S. Autographe.’


(On a slip pasted to the third flyleaf.) ‘Bagard medecin du roi de pologne | manuscrit curieux’.

p. i: Table of contents.

p. ii: Untitled verses. A translation of Passeroni’s Il Cicerone, Part I, Canto IX, Stanza 43.
8 lines: ‘Souvent au bout d’une semaine | De L’hymen un Nouveau martyr | Avec Sa femme qui le gêne | Mange le pain de repentir. | Tel un Rat que la faim engage | Dans un piege avec art fermé | Maudit quand il Est enfermé | Et La Ratiere et Le fromage’. Subscribed ‘Passeroni Chant IXe’. The translation is evidently by Bagard himself. Draft versions of several of the lines have been struck through.

pp. 1–2: Introduction.

pp. 3–7: I. ‘Du Plaisir de venus Et de l’amour.’

pp. 7–15: II. ‘De L’amitié Et de l’affection.’

pp. 15–20: III. ‘De la lignée ou des Enfans.’

pp. 20–1: IV. ‘De L’alliance.’

pp. 21–2: V. ‘De la fortune Et du Soin de sa maison.’

pp. 23–6: VI. ‘De l’aptitude aux affaires, savoir a l’agriculture[,] Au Commerce, a la cour, au Gouvernement, aux fonctions civiles Et militaires.’

pp. 26–31: VII. ‘De L’aptitude au Etudes Mathématiques[,] Physiques Et critiques.’

pp. 31–4: VIII. ‘De La Santé Et de la longue vie.’

pp. 34–6: IX. ‘Des plaisirs, Comme des voyages, des fêtes, Des presens qui Se font entre amis, des Depenses de Goût Et de plaisir.’

Bagard, Charles (1696–1772), French physician

Letters relating to the Chouannerie in the Calvados

See the separate descriptions of the contents. Most dates in the manuscripts reckoned according the French revolutionary calendar. Folios 2, 4, 13, 16, and 17 are in the same hand. On the spine is stamped ‘Correspondance de Citoyen Levêque. An. 4.’

Dugua, Charles François Joseph (1740–1802), French army officer

'Anecdotes typographiques', by Le Brun (Nicolas Contat)

The full title (p. iii) is ‘Anecdotes | Typographiques | Ou l’on voit la de-scription | des coutumes, moeurs et vsages | singuliers des Compagnons imprimeurs | Dediées à Mr. D’Hemery | Pensionnaire du Roy censeur Royal | et inspecteur de la Librairie par | ses très humbles Serviteurs | les Typographes. | (Le Brun) Ancien Prote, | Graveur et Auteur. | A Bruxelles. | Chez Pierre Hardy, A la Verité.’ On the spine is stamped ‘Anecdo sur les Garcon Imprim’, i.e. ‘Anecdotes sur les Garcons Imprimeurs’. For further details see Barber’s edition.

Contat, Nicolas (fl. 1762), French printer, known as Le Brun


On the spine is stamped ‘M.S. Poetry of the 18th Century’.

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