Mostrando 2665 resultados

Descripción archivística
Papers of Sir James Frazer
Imprimir vista previa Ver :

Papers of Sir James Frazer

  • FRAZ
  • Fondo
  • 1745-1941

The papers consist of correspondence, writings, notebooks, diaries, music manuscripts, printed material, and photographs which document the life and work of social anthropologist and classical scholar Sir James George Frazer, and to a lesser extent that of his wife, the writer and translator Lilly Frazer (known after June 1914 as Lady Frazer), who acted as his manager and press agent. The collection spans the years 1872-1941, but the bulk of the material dates from the 1920s and 1930s.

Research strengths include Frazer’s writings in the 1920s and 1930s, social anthropology, folklore, classical scholarship, British and French publishing history, and Trinity College academic and social life. The bulk of the collection dates from the last two decades of his life, and therefore contains material from a time well after his reputation was established. While there are letters from people with anthropological data, the collection does not include the vast amount of data and answers to his anthropological questionnaires that he presumably possessed when compiling the first edition of 'The Golden Bough'. Very often letters with anthropological data are in the form of fan letters, whose writers wish to correct or add to information in one of his books.

The papers are arranged in small and repeated groupings, with alphabetical runs of letters followed by writings and printed material, returning to more alphabetical runs of letters featuring many of the same correspondents as the previous runs, more writings, and research materials, and on. The searching abilities of the database will be useful to find all materials by a person or on a subject.

The correspondence is almost entirely incoming, with just 29 original letters from James Frazer (in FRAZ/1) and 15 typed copies of his letters (in FRAZ/1-4, 16, 25 and 29) and twelve original letters, a draft and four typed copies by Lilly Frazer (in FRAZ/1, 3, 17, 31 and 33) in a collection of over 2300 letters evenly divided between the two. In addition to runs of alphabetically arranged letters, there are also groups of letters on specific topics featuring many of the same correspondents. Letters may also be found with writings and research notes elsewhere in the collection.

The correspondence spans the years 1872-1941, however, the earliest dated letter to or from James or Lilly is dated January 1888. There are a limited number of letters from this early period. Many letters addressed to Lilly concern business related to James’ works, and some letters written in the late 1930s are addressed to her to be read aloud to him due to his increasing blindness.

Anthropologists appearing in the collection include L. C. G. Clarke, Edward Clodd, A. C. Haddon, J. H. Hutton, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, Bronisław Malinowski, R. R. Marett, John Roscoe, and Sir Grafton Elliot Smith. There are only three letters from Sir Walter Baldwin Spencer, but 16 from his daughter Dorothy Young. Classical scholars in the collection include A. B. Cook, F. M. Cornford, A. E. Housman, J. P. Postgate, Sir William Ridgeway, and H. J. Rose. Principal editors and publishers in the collection include James Loeb, George Macmillan, T. E. Page, and W. H. D. Rouse. Other principal correspondents are David Lindsay, the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres; and Sir Joseph Thomson and his wife Rose Thomson. Many of Lilly's correspondents write to her in her native French. Her principal correspondents include François Ceccaldi (many of them written from his native Corsica), Noémi Psichari, the daughter of Ernest Renan; translator Pierre Sayn, and James’ friend W. J. Lewis.

Writings by Sir James Frazer comprise 21 boxes, with additional writings to be found in the notebooks in FRAZ/35. The work represented by the most amount of material in the collection is Frazer’s edition of Ovid’s 'Fasti', published by Macmillan in 1929, and by Loeb in 1931. The papers do not include notes for the preparation of the original 'Golden Bough' nor do they include the manuscript. There are, however, three notebooks containing notes relating to the second and third editions (FRAZ/35/9-11). Frazer’s own copies of the different editions of 'The Golden Bough' are housed separately in the printed books Adversaria collection and carry numerous annotations.

Printed material consists of press cuttings, pamphlets, offprints, and small books. An album of cuttings of reviews of the first edition of 'The Golden Bough' may be found at FRAZ/22/4. Ten small books and pamphlets have also been catalogued into the Trinity Library printed materials catalogue but remain housed with the papers. The music manuscripts are housed in FRAZ/8 and consist of scores composed by Stuart Young setting Sir James’ poems to music. Margaret Rose’s operetta libretto based on Lady Frazer’s story 'The Singing Wood' was similarly set to music (the libretto at FRAZ/32/266 and the score FRAZ/8/1/5).

The travel diaries and many of the notebooks were previously housed on Trinity College Library shelves with printed books and have been reunited with the collection, along with 13 volumes and a small number of loose notes returned from the Haddon Library of Archaeology and Anthropology. The photographs in the collection include 16 photographic prints of sites in Greece possibly taken by Sidney George Owen, two of them dated June 1906 (FRAZ/21/67-82).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Notes on Père Hyacinthe

Disbound notebook containing notes on Père Hyacinthe [Charles Loyson], accompanied by 5 items laid in loose, including an appeal in an unidentified hand for letters by Père Hyacinthe, and a telegram from Pére Hyacinthe[?] to [Emilie?] Meriman [later Loyson] in Rome dated 9 [Jan.?] 1872 beginning: 'Michaud obstiné' (Item 38).

Lilly Frazer's Writings and Press Cuttings

FRAZ/31 consists of one box containing Lilly Frazer's writings and materials relating to her plays, lectures, and French lessons, with a small collection of press cuttings and printed material, many of them in her native French. There are only three playscripts and five short stories or articles represented in their entirety; the rest are incomplete.

The box includes a draft of a 12 page letter in Lilly Frazer's hand to an unidentified correspondent dated 19 May [1926], in which she shares stories of J. G. Frazer's absentmindedness and lack of interest in money (Item 64); it also includes an early telegram possibly sent by Père Hyacinthe [the religious name taken by Charles Loyson] to [Emilie?] Meriman in 1872 (Item 38).

Letters (A-Y) to Sir James George Frazer

FRAZ/29 consists of one box of 114 letters, most of them addressed to J. G. Frazer. The letters span the dates 1872-1940, the bulk dating from the 1920s and 1930s, and primarily concern J. G. Frazer's works and related personal business. Over a third of the letters are written in French. The alphabetic sequence is limited to one box, with some previously unidentified letters filed at the end, along with one letter that remains unidentified. There are five typed copies of letters from J. G. Frazer to five correspondents, dated 1937 and 1938, when he was using the services of a secretary (Items 24-28). The earliest letters here are two letters from Archbishop Luigi Josef Puecher Passavalli to Emilie Hyacinthe-Loyson and an unidentified person, dated 13 and 17 April 1872 (Items 52-53). It is unclear how they came into the Frazers' possession, though the letter filed directly before, from Frédéric Passy to Abbé [Breuil] makes reference to Hyacinthe Loyson's letters.

Items 112-114 have been removed: they were catalogued with the Frazer papers initially in error, they are are part of the Papers of Sir Walter Greg, GREG 1/196-198, three postcards from [J. S.?] to W. W. Greg, dated 1939-[1942].

'An Anthology of English Prose'

Bound volume containing notes in Frazer’s hand, excerpts from works by Francis Bacon, Sir Thomas Browne, Sir Walter Raleigh, Richard Hooker, J. A. Froude, Edmund Burke, Sir Walter Scott, Hugh Miller, Abraham Cowley, Alexander Pope, Edward Gibbon, John Henry Newman, Charles Dickens and Charles Kingsley.

'Maine’s Ancient Law. Jurisprudence'

Bound volume of notes in Frazer's hand. Turned upside down and started from the back cover are 5 pages of notes on linguistics. A list of books to read appears on the inside back cover.

Notebooks

FRAZ/35 consists of eight boxes of notebooks previously housed apart from the rest of the Frazer Papers. Eleven volumes were housed on Trinity College Library shelves with printed books. Thirteen volumes and a small number of loose notes were removed from the Papers at the time they were bequeathed by Lady Frazer, and were presented by the College to the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology and then transferred to the Haddon Library of Archaeology and Anthropology. In 2010 these volumes were transferred back to Trinity College. A note has been made recording the previous location of each volume.

The notebooks contain notes on books read; drafts of articles, speeches, and introductions; and bibliographical references to be added to later editions of works. They have been arranged in a rough chronological order, according to the date of the publication of the works where applicable, and roughly span the dates 1880-1939. The early notebooks include one evidently from Frazer's study of the law, 'Maine's Ancient Law, Jurisprudence' (Item 2). Three notebooks relate to the second and third editions of 'The Golden Bough' (Items 9-11). The loose notes included with the notebooks arriving back from the Haddon Library are on Vitruvius and on items at the Pitt Rivers Collection at Oxford (Item 5).

Music Manuscripts and Printed Material

FRAZ/8 consists of one box of manuscript music scores and related printed material, and other printed material spanning the dates [c 1885]-1940. Both groupings include material by or relating to J. G. Frazer and Lilly Frazer as well. The Printed Material includes Frazer's poem 'To My Wife', and both the address on the foundation of the Frazer Lectureship and Frazer's reply, as well as 16 other items gathered under the heading Miscellaneous Printed Material.

Manuscript Music Scores and Related Printed Material

Manuscript music scores, including four setting J. G. Frazer's poems and his translation of a Heine poem to music. Other material relates to Lilly Frazer's work, with a music score for her operetta 'The Singing Wood', an early draft of stage directions for a play, manuscript scores, and printed sheet music of French songs.

'Philosophy'

Bound volume with 18 pp. of drafts of essays in Frazer's hand, the first dated 6 Apr. 1880. With a list of books [to read?] on the inside front cover. Turned upside down and started from the back cover is a 4 pp. incomplete draft of a French play in Lilly Frazer’s hand entitled “[Marie?] de Nettoyage”.

Printed testimonial letter from E. W. Blore to J. G. Frazer

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: notes his excellence is not because of training in an English Public School but because of his own work and love of learning; his dissertation for the fellowship was 'masterly'. Accompanied by a duplicate.

Printed testimonial letter from R. D. Archer-Hind

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: in addition to being a sound scholar, Frazer has a high degree of thoughtfulness and originality. Accompanied by a duplicate.

Letters of Thanks for the Downie Biography, Letter Miscellany, and Letters to Sir James George Frazer and Lilly Frazer (A-C)

FRAZ/16 consists of one box containing 131 letters and two writings which fall into three discernable groups with an unformed miscellany in the middle. Items 1-51 consist of letters written primarily to Lilly Frazer from friends and selected institutions to thank her for the copy of R. Angus Downie's biography 'James George Frazer: the Portrait of a Scholar' published in 1940. The letters date from June to October 1940, and many of the correspondents refer to life in wartime, including R. R. Marett, who writes on 12 June about his son Jack, missing after the attack on the HMS Glorious (Item 34).

Letters 52-70 are letters of congratulation on the award of the Légion d'honneur and date from March and April 1926. Items 71-98 are the miscellany, and include two writings, a group of Frazer's poems, and a speech made at Queen's College, London (Items 97 and 98). This group also includes Asquith's letter offering the knighthood in June 1914 (Item 82), and a typed copy of a letter from J. G. Frazer to Alfred Radcliffe-Brown (Item 74).

Letters 99-131 are the start of the alphabetic run that continues into box 17. The 168 letters in box 17 span the dates 1888-1940 with the bulk dating from the 1920s and 1930s, are addressed to J. G. Frazer and sometimes also Lilly Frazer and primarily concern J. G. Frazer's works and related personal business. The alphabetic run continues with 22 letters by Warren Dawson on the topic of the Frazer Lectures volume followed by 11 more letters related to the volume which interrupt the alphabetic order, a number of them relating to the question of omitting R. R. Marett's lecture from the volume. Two letters from Lilly Frazer to James Frazer, the only two letters between them in the papers appear here, Items 48 and 49, dated December 1904.

There are three speeches in FRAZ/17 as well: a copy of the speech by Canon Farrar at Durham University conferring the Honorary Doctor of Letters on Frazer (Item 42), a summary of a speech by René Maunier, President of the French Folklore Society (Item 47); Frazer's speech on being admitted an Honorary Bencher of the Middle Temple (Item 101).

Printed testimonial letter from H. A. J. Munro

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: praises his 'high capacity for scientifically mastering a language'. Accompanied by a duplicate.

Printed testimonial letter from A. F. Kirkpatrick

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: Frazer is not just able but has a mental grasp, intellectual strength and extensive acquaintance with Classical Literature. Accompanied by a duplicate.

Printed testimonial letter from W. H. Thompson

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen; praises his scholarship and industry, and the advantage of being a Scotsman and having been educated in Scotland.

Printed testimonial letter from B. H. Kennedy

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: praises his scholarship, and says he has a 'vigorous and original mind'. Accompanied by a duplicate.

Printed testimonial letter from Henry Jackson

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: says Frazer was one of the best scholars in the last fifteen years, extent of his reading as an undergraduate remarkable, his dissertation showing original thought and skill in exposition. Accompanied by a duplicate.

Printed testimonial letter from James S. Reid

One of a set of eight testimonial letters printed when Frazer was an applicant for the Chair of Humanity at the University of Aberdeen: as one of his examiners for the Classical Tripos, his translation papers were the best he has seen done in any examination. Accompanied by a duplicate.

'Colours in Homer'

Bound volume with tables of words in Greek, their meaning, and application, with four pages of excerpts from various unidentified works at the back.

Diary of a Tour in Spain

85 pp. diary of a train trip made with [James?] Ward from 13 March to 8 April 1883. While in Paris on the way there they attend a performance of "Fedora" starring the 'powerful' Sarah Bernhardt. Travelling via Toulouse, they arrive at the border where Frazer tastes Spanish food for the first time. From there they travel to Barcelona, with a long description of a side trip in which they climb Montserrat, to Tarragona and the monastery of Poblet, to València ('a most uninteresting town'), Córdoba (and a visit to the mosque there ), Granada (the Alhambra, cathedral, and Carthusian monastery), Seville (the Museo [de Bellas Artes de Sevilla], cathedral, and the Alcázar), Madrid (the Prado, a view of the King and Queen ['no cheering whatever'], and a trip to Toledo), Vittoria [Vitoria-Gasteiz], San Sebastián, Irun, thence in short order Biarritz, Bordeaux, Paris, Boulogne, Folkestone, London, and home to Cambridge.

Writings: 'The Latin Fabulists' to 'On Some Australian Ceremonies'

FRAZ/22-27 consist of eight boxes of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's writings arranged according to the date of the publication or creation of the works, dating from 1884 to 1938. FRAZ/25 includes the papers relating to the 'Anthologia Anthropologica', which was published in 1938-1939 but was begun to be discussed in 1932, the end date of the material in that box. FRAZ/27 includes some items added at the end with earlier dates.

FRAZ/22 consists of one box of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's books, speeches, and articles written from 1884 to 1903, arranged in chronological order of appearance. 'The Golden Bough' is represented solely by cuttings, including an album of 44 reviews of the first edition, dated 1890-1891 (Item 4). The only book represented by a manuscript here is 'Pausanias's Description of Greece', with a 178 page Introduction in Frazer's hand, lacking two pages at the end (Item 59).

Typescript of 'The Latin Fabulists'

A typescript of a review of Léopold Hervieux's 'Les Fabulistes Latins, depuis le siècle d'Auguste jusqu'à la fin du moyen âge' in 'The Academy', No. 653, pp. 300-301, 8 Nov. 1884.

Honours, Addresses, Biographical Works and Miscellaneous Personal Items

FRAZ/28 consists of one box of letters, writings, and printed material relating to awards and other honours amassed by J. G. Frazer, spanning the dates [after 20 Feb. 1885]-1941, the bulk dating from the 1920s and 1930s.

A significant portion of the material is in the form of letters: those announcing honours (found throughout Items 1-23), those concerning Émile Antoine Bourdelle's bust of J. G. Frazer (Items 24-41), and those concerning the Frazer lectureship and the printed Frazer Lectures volume (Items 47-87).

Printed testimonial letter from W. H. Thompson

One of a set of four testimonial letters printed in support of Frazer's candidacy for the Librarianship of the Royal Geographical Society: praises his scholarship and industry, has made himself a 'a competent German and French scholar' with a fair knowlege of Italian. Accompanied by two duplicates.

Resultados 1 a 30 de 2665