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Bottomley, Gordon (1874-1948) poet and dramatist
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Letter from Rosalind Simpkins to R. C. Trevelyan

24 Cobbett Rd, Southampton. - Was 'delighted' to get Trevelyan's 'little collection of poems' [this year's "From the Shiffolds"] again, with his New Year's greetings. Had been reading some of the previous collections recently, and wondering whether there would be another this year. Was pleased this one began with her 'favourite poem, "To Lowes Dickinson"', which 'always transports [her] into the Azalea Wood', and gives her 'some understanding' of Trevelyan's friend, who she regrets she never knew. Was glad to see a new poem from this year, though it is 'a little sad'. Fears he will 'miss Dr [Gordon] Bottomley very much'; last year must have 'tried' him in 'many ways', and she hopes 1949 will bring 'much happiness, and less wear and tear and worry' to him and Mrs Trevelyan. Asks him to thank Mrs Trevelyan for her 'kind postcard' and tell her she was 'much amused' to be remembered by Mr [Tom?] Harrison. The Eggletons are living in Norfolk now.

Notebook with translation of Homer and draft letter to Claude Colleer Abbott

Translation of Homer's "Iliad" XII.354-515, XXIII, and the first two lines of XXI. Date of '7 October 1950' written at then end of book XXIII. Pencil draft on verso pages [including the front inside cover], written out on facing recto pages; some markings in red crayon. Numerous blank pages in centre. Book also used from back in: list of classical references; draft introduction for Trevelyan's "Translations from Greek Poetry"; page beginning 'Places that I have loved and now shall see no more' which turns into Tevelyan's poem 'This is love: not to know the game of love..'.

Also at this end of the book: draft letter to [Claude] Colleer Abbott: Trevelyan is sorry that Abbott has not yet found a publisher [for his edition of Gordon Bottomley's works]; [Rupert] Hart-Davis thinks that he would make a loss even with a thousand pound subsidy, which Trevelyan thinks is unlikely to be raised [this passage is crossed through]; if Trevelyan and Abbott contributed a hundred pounds each that would still be far off what is required. Abbott will therefore have to make a selection; Trevelyan suggests keeping 'all or most of the plays' which seem to him to be Bottomley's 'most important contribution to English literature', omitting much early work; thinks Bottomley's finest work begins with "The Crier by Night" and "The Riding to Lithend". Most of the poems are 'masterly and some very beautiful', but still some would 'have to be sacrificed'. Abbott can include the "Autobiography" 'by all means', and a few letters, but the plays are 'more important than the poems'. Unused material could be 'preserved at Durham University or elsewhere'. List of names on inside covers, both front ('E.M. Forster, D.D., Lina [Waterfield], Nicky [Mariano], Umb[erto] Morra') and back ('Logan [Pearsall Smith] [Thomas] Sturge Moore, [Bernard] Berenson], [Donald] Tovey, C[lifford] A[llen], Dizzey, G.O.M., Bridges, Lascelles [Abercrombie], [Augustus?] Daniel'.

Letter from Stanley Snaith to R. C. Trevelyan

40 Manor Way, Chingford Hatch, London E.4. - Trevelyan does him 'honour' by sending him his "From the Shiffolds", which he has 'read with relish'. Is not qualified to judge the translations as translations, 'being uneducated: but their beauty and strength in English is impressive', while the other poems are appealing for their 'individuality and assured ease'. The last section of "To Marjory Allen" has a 'noble simplicity which recalls Gordon Bottomley'. Has been hoping Trevelyan might write an elegy on Bottomley: their minds and 'high conception of artistic responsibility were so much in tune that it would be a notable thing'. Reminds Trevelyan that he promised to lend him 'G.B.'s theatre book' ["A Stage for Poetry"?] which will be 'cherished and returned safely'.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Did not thank Julian enough when he rang last week for helping him and 'all the trouble' he took: was a great disappointment not to go to Florence, but Dr Holloway strongly advised him against it; perhaps it was a mistake not to go, and to miss seeing B.B. [Bernard Berenson] again, but he did not 'really feel up to the journey'. Feels Gordon [Bottomley]'s death 'very much': he had been a 'perfect friend', and apart from Desmond [MacCarthy] and Berenson was the last of his 'old literary friends'. Though Julian had not seen him much lately, he always spoke of him 'with real affection'. His death came 'very suddenly and I think painlessly' while he was on a short visit to Mary Fletcher's at Oare. Thinks Bessie will be in London on Thursday and will ring Julian up.

Postscript of letter from Marie Sturge Moore to R. C. Trevelyan

Adds [to a letter no longer present] a 'warm, very warm thank you' to Bob for sending his "Windfalls" [the revised edition], which she is 'very much enjoying'; finds it 'so varied and so vividly personal and yet detached': 'How Tom would have enjoyed it!'. Asks if Bob knows who is going to 'look after Gordon's possessions' [act as Gordon Bottomley's executor}; he must have had many letters from Tom, and she wonders whether they could be returned.

Letter from Pauline, Countess of Galloway, to R. C. Trevelyan

Cumloden, Newton-Stewart, Scotland. - Her friend Mr [Gordon] Bottomley has sent her Trevelyan's 'beautiful' translation of the "Oresteia", which she treasures even for the corrections in his own hand; very good of him to take such trouble for a 'complete stranger'. Expects he did it for Mr Bottomley'; hopes he will not mind her writing to let him know how much she appreciates and admires it. Afraid she is not a 'great scholar'. Has enjoyed 'the most delightful correspondence' with Mr Bottomley for several years, which has been 'quite an education in itself'; has gained much pleasure from his sharing of several of Trevelyan's books with her. Wishes there were more writers like Bottomley and Trevelyan. Feels the world is a 'horrid sort of travesty of what it should be' at the moment; wonders if and when it will improve; appreciates 'dignity & courtesy' where they may still be found.

Letter from Mary Fletcher to R. C. Trevelyan

Martinscote, Oare, Marlborough. - Thanks Bob for his 'delightful book' ["Windfalls"], which keeps her in bed in the morning longer than she should stay when she has 'breakfast to get for guests': when alone she 'indulge[s] freely in early-morning reading after an early coffee!'. Is not a 'connoisseur of "prose"': knows only that Bob's pieces read beautifully, and loves the 'details of observation of Nature'. Very grateful to Bob for letting her see George Moore's letter, which was so 'whole-hearted' with praise as well as criticism of a word used by Bob that she cannot currently remember. Is very 'familified' at present: is going to Alice [her sister]'s with Alice's grandson, who is staying here at the moment, and 'all four Anthony Potts come next week' [her niece Janet and family]. Hopes that Bob will get to Italy, and that 'Bessie's fresh researches will succeed'. Gordon Bottomley may be visiting from Stratford-on-Avon at the end of the month. Has 'at last found tenants' who will take this house 'from Michaelmas' for at least a year.

Letter from Cicely Binyon to R. C. Trevelyan

Westridge Farm House, Streatley, Berks. - Bob's 'Christmas book' [this year's "From the Shiffolds?"] gave her great pleasure: was 'so lovely' to have a writer send her his poetry again, which she much misses. Thanks him and Bessie very much. Was glad to hear of the Trevelyans from Lady Hutchinson; often thinks about them and their 'delightful house', and the 'reading aloud' when she and Laurence stayed with them, 'till the reader laughed too much to go on!'. Did not know about the memorial service for Gordon Bottomley until she saw the "Times" notice afterwards; would have gone otherwise, but 'knew no Bottomley relations'. Sends best wishes for the new year.

Letter from Theodora Roscoe to R. C. Trevelyan, with a poem

Horn Hill Court. - Has read "From the Shiffolds" 'with joy'; particularly likes the last three lines of "The Stream", which she quotes. The poem to Gordon Bottomley also 'thrills' her as it is 'so true, & so full of optimism' and says that 'if one possesses the love for the Muses, they will never betray one'. Mentions a other poems she enjoys. Sends Christmas and New Year good wishes. Adds a postscript saying she has enclosed some of her own lines and hopes he will 'overlook their roughness'.

Note at the top of a second sheet of paper saying she found the following lines written in one of her old note-books, and copies them 'just as [she] wrote them]. Untitled poem, first line: 'I look out on to the world growing dim', dated 1943. Adds a note, in reference to her 'Celtic ancestors', explaining that her mother was from the Isle of Man.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Is writing a brief birthday letter 'with chilblained fingers in the fireless library'. Wonders whether Julian and Gordon B[ottomley] have 'mutually remembered one another'. Glad he need not go up [to London?] on Friday to organise new photographs, as the roads are 'still very bad here'; Julian will need to be sure his car is in 'good working order' before fetching it from the Shiffolds. [Umberto] Morra would like both Bob and Julian to come; bus would be better than train; he is not certain of dates yet, but it will probably be after he has been to I Tatti [Bernard Berenson's house] for Easter. Nicky [Mariano] writes that they would like to put them both up at I Tatti; in the unlikely event of sudden visitors, she would find Julian a room in Florence.

Letter from C. Colleer Abbott to R. C. Trevelyan

7 Church Street, Durham [on University of Durham headed notepaper]. - Thanks Trevelyan for his translations [in the 1946 "From the Shiffolds"]: has read them 'with great pleasure', particularly the Menander fragments and the 'hotchpotch "Moretum"'. Glad Trevelyan liked the 'Boswell pamphlet'. Had hoped to go later to Silverdale, but is unsure whether it will be possible: G.B. [Gordon Bottomley ] says he is going to stay with Trevelyan later, and will not 'venture on Italy'.

Notebook with translations of Virgil's "Aeneid" book 4 and Montaigne I.28, with other works by R. C. Trevelyan

List of fragments from Greek tragedy and comedy on inside front cover and following page. Verse, 'Mad as the wind are the thoughts of lovers...'. Translation of Virgil's "Aeneid" Book 4 line 465ff; lists under headings 'Greek translations' and 'Latin translations' interpolated. Heading, 'Autobiographical notes', followed by poem, 'All best things fade, dear Gordon [Bottomley]'; translation of Catullus 11 upside-down at the bottom of this. Part translation of Catullus 65; essay or notes for speech citing Tennyson and Catullus. Essay, 'Greek and Roman Poets'. Translation of Montaigne I.28.

Notebook used from other end in: poem, 'What do you then believe?...'. Another version of 'All best things fade...'. Draft of "Dandelions" [published in the "From the Shiffolds" of Christmas 1947. Essay on Trevelyan's translations of Montaigne. List of contents for "Windfalls" [the second, extended, edition of 1948]. Essay on nature and happiness [two versions]. Verse, 'Mountains and rocks seem motionless and lifeless...'. Heading, 'Confession Haeretici', followed by notes and verse, 'Though now your body is growing old...'. Heading, 'Religio Poetae', followed by notes listing autobiographical topics and verse, which may carry on from the page before; list of topics relating to poetry on the next page. Verse, 'In the days of Omar, Commander of the Faithful...'. Translation of Catullus 7. Autobiographical piece about his father showing him Macaulay's annotations to the text of Catullus. Translation from Horace, "Satires" II.7. Notes on Robert Bridge's "Testament of Beauty". Page count [for the new edition of "Windfalls"].

Letter from Tom Turner to R. C. Trevelyan

Shawlands, Bank Crest, Baildon, Yorks. - Very kind of Trevelyan to send a copy of his "Death of Man & other poems". Was worried after he had sent his letter that Trevelyan would think he 'was fishing for something: a thing to horrid to think of'. Did mean to send Trevelyan a copy of "Communion [and other poems]" last year because of T.S.M. [Thomas Sturge Moore]'s death, but could not 'pluck up sufficient courage'; it therefore was not an 'afterthought' to send one. Is glad to have a book by Trevelyan in his library, and by one which well represents the 'wide range... and variety' of his 'muse'. Notes the 'affinity & kinship' between Sturge Moore's muse and that of Trevelyan; they 'might be sisters!'. Turner's daughter Mary has been at home for ten days, and will return to London on Wednesday; she is having a party tonight and 'has kept us busy all the time she has been here'; apologises for not thanking Trevelyan sooner. Gordon Bottomley sent him his 'note on Edward Thomas for Xmas', which he is 'delighted' to have.

Letter from Gordon Bottomley to R. C. Trevelyan

The Sheiling, Silverdale, Carnforth, Lancs. - Thanks Bob for his 'Christmas Leaves' ["From the Shiffolds"]; everything is 'engaging, coming to its height in the epistle to Monna Ursula [Wood].. old Aeschylus - and (probably) Dream-Truth'. Says that Bob writes very 'like another Landor' in his 'old age - but more sure footed than Landor ever was'. Knows his 'Reciprocation' [originally enclosed] will not please Bob as much, but it conveys as much love to him and Bessie 'as it would if it were much better'; he and Emily hope to see them in the New Year.

Letter from Gordon Luce to R. C. Trevelyan

100 Weston Rd, Gloucester. - 'Alas! not for me, but I shall get it' [Written while returning a copy of Trevelyan's edition of Arthur Waley's poems, "From the Chinese", wrongly inscribed to 'Gordon and Emily (Bottomley)': see 4/174, 183 and 184]. Apologises for not replying to Bessie's letter. He is spending time in Oxford, getting proofs of his "Inscriptions of Burma" through the University Press. News from Burma 'pouring in'. A postscript says he expects Arthur [Waley?] will tell him the allusion in the last couplet of the enclosed, though he expects Trevelyan will know it.

Letter from Anna Maria Philips to R. C. Trevelyan

The Park, Prestwich, Manchester. - Kind of Robert to send her his book ["Aftermath"], 'so attractively issued by the Hogarth Press'; likes the 'soft green' of the binding. Is glad to see Robert's 'touching' poems to [Gordon] Bottomley, [Goldsworthy] Lowes Dickinson and D[esmond] MacCarthy again, and glad that the book has already been 'so favourably reviewed'. Very sorry to hear that so many copies of his "Collected Poems" were destroyed last winter [in the Blitz on London]; many works cannot be sold because of publishers' losses. Sends love to 'dear Elizabeth', and thanks for her letter with news of Julian. 'Strange' to think he is in the 'heart of Africa', and expects he will have very interesting things to tell when they see him next; expects he is 'revelling in tropical heat'. Her daffodils are doing well, and the lawn is very green.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Originally enclosing a letter to Ursula, marked 'urgent'; was going to forward it to the Darwins but changed his mind; Bessie is not coming home till the evening, and he thought he should send it at once. Has been home for a few days after going to Wallington, the [Gordon] Bottomleys and Aunt Annie [Philips]. Tom [Sturge Moore] is back here, but Marie is in London for the time being. Glad Julian will be able to come during his leave. Went to the Sickert show at the National Gallery; there were 'crowds of pictures, some very good' but in general the show at Agnews a few years ago was 'more select' and gave a better idea of him.

Letter from Thomas Sturge Moore to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Havering, Bent Field End, Stansted, Essex. - Thanks Bessie for her letter and the two Bottomley letters. They had a pleasant time in Bath with Riette and her friends. Binyon came for the last weekend and lectured on Persian painting; he and Moore read from their poetry at a Mrs Knight's, a 'tall and elegant lady' with a 'tiny little husband... an artist not much out of the ordinary but intelligent' [Charles Neil Knight?]. Went for some 'delightful excursions' along the Avon. Is charmed by his two granddaughters in Stansted, the household is calm and he thinks there will be no reason to cut short their stay. Saw [their son] Dan in London, who 'looked tired and worn'; hopes he will come for a few days soon; is reading a Hemingway he lent him. Sends his love to the Bluths [Karl and Theo ] and Tet Htoot, and friendly greetings to Miss S [Simpkins].

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