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Trevelyan, George Macaulay (1876–1962), historian, public educator, and conservationist
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Papers of J. D. Duff

  • DUFF
  • Archief
  • 1888–1940

The majority of this archive consists of letters by Duff to members of his family, viz.: (A): to his wife Laura, 45 letters, 1897-1909; (B): to his son Alan, 356 letters, 1909-1933; (C): to his son Patrick, 96 letters, 1909-1934; (D): to his son James, 4 letters, 1909-1916; (E): to his daughter Hester, 8 letters, 1933-1934; (F): to his daughter Mary, 1 letter, 1911.

There are also 68 letters (G) from Laura Duff to her son Alan, 1915-1940, and three (H) to her husband J.D. Duff, relating to their son James's entrance examinations for Wellington College in 1910. J, K and L are letters written by their sons: 3 letters and a postcard from Alan Duff to his mother, 1909-1920 (J), a letter from James Duff to Alan Duff, 1911 (K), and a letter from Patrick Duff to J. F. Duff, relating to J. F. Duff winning a scholarship to Trinity in 1916 (L).

The final group of letters (M) are by various authors: one from J. D. Duff to Diana Frances Crawley, future wife of his son Alan, on the death of her father, 1933; letters to A. C. Duff from W. G. Collett (1911) and R. Moore (1913) at Wellington College; letter to J. D. Duff from G. M. Trevelyan, 1934 about Edward Fitzgerald's letters; letter to Laura Duff from the Postmaster at Cambridge, 1923, relating to a telegram from Cairo.

Miscellaneous material (N) comprises: copy of the marriage certificate of James Duff Duff and Laura Lenox-Coningham, 1895; page torn from a notebook with short phrase in Ancient Greek; memoir, "Lemnos" of an army camp, probably by A. C. Duff, with envelope addressed to J. D. Duff.

Finally there are twenty eight of J. D. Duff's pocket diaries (usually by Lett's) dating from 1888-1912, 1915-1918, 1922-1926, and 1931-1934; the earliest are kept as appointment books, with brief notes of college and social occasions, but Duff's entries later expand to be fuller records of his days, typically recording weather, reading material, pastimes and family news. A notebook with A. C. Duff's name and address at the front contains 'Extracts from F[ather's] Diary'.

Duff, James Duff (1860-1940), classicist

Letter from Janet Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Wishes she and Bessie could have seen each other here, but expects the 'war economy régime' could not have coped with them both being their with their children. Agrees that George seems to have found work which 'suits him down to the ground': though he doesn't know 'the least bit how to tie up a wounded limb or give an anasthetic'; he seems 'to be the [emphasised] person that they all want to go with', and the Italians 'love him'. The brigade has already had a great reception at Turinl expects they will be at Udine or even nearer the front by now; there are sixty people, many 'old hands from Flanders', twenty-six cars, and a 'clearing hospital of fifty beds' so they should be 'tremendously useful'. She herself is returning to London next Monday for three weeks, while the Hon. Sec. [of the Committee for Relief in Belgium, Mary Childers?] has a holiday, and will be there over the winter; hopes they can meet there after Janet's house comes out of its 'curl papers' about 27 Sept. Asks Bessie to tell Bob his '"Foolishness of Solomon" has given her 'many delicious chortles'. Her children are well, but fears 'the tonsils operation still hangs over Mary - & possibly Humphry too'.

Letter from Janet Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Headed paper for Garden Corner, West Road, Cambridge, with a note that the letter is written 'In the train'. - She and George were both sorry to hear that Bob has to have an operation; hopes he will not have a 'very bad time', but thinks it is not 'one of the worst ops.' Wonders if it is 'George's turn next' [to require surgery for his prostate]. Knows Bessie will not make things worse with 'nerve-storms' but will be carried through by her 'admirable calm'.

Letter from Janet Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

23, West Road, Cambridge. - Thanks Bessie for her letter; they will indeed 'all miss our beloved Will [Arnold-Forster], who was 'so much to us in our younger days'. His portrait of her hangs in the dining room here with an artificial light over it; they 'could not make much of it' in the [Trinity Master's] Lodge as the lighting was difficult, but now it is back in its proper place. She and George are 'happily back in this house'; hopes they will stay here 'forever' now; the Lodge was 'impossible' once she became 'so feeble in walking'. The Adrians have not yet moved in, since there are 'such huge repairs to be done' on the electric wiring and structural deficiencies; is 'thankful to be out of it'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan and Elizabeth Trevelyan

Robin Ghyll, Langdale, Ambleside. - Very sorry to hear of Bob's accident and Paul's ill health; seems that neither are serious, but he would appreciate confirmation. Mary cannot quite shake off her whooping cough, so they are kept in isolation. They like Robin Ghyll 'immensely'; thinks it is 'healthier' than Seatoller for a long stay; does not have 'such wonderful woods behind it' but the view is even better than that at Seatoller. Is just beginning to write his new volume ["Garibaldi and the Thousand"], and Janet is getting on with her history of Italy ["A short history of the Italian people "]. They go out for drives and picnics in a pony carriage they hired in Ambleside.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Garden Corner, West Road, Cambridge. - Very sorry not to see Bessie yesterday, and for the reason; hope the move will 'not be long held up by her lumbago'. [Mary's] 'was a very delightful wedding, thoroughly "Trinity"': the Master signed the register, [Reginald?] Parry was there, and A. E. Housman 'honoured the chapel with his presence'. There were about two hundred guests; Mary looked 'very dignified and beautiful'; the reception at home went well and Bessie's present of 'the Italian bowl' was admired; Aunt Annie [Philips] 'was in great form'. The newly-weds are in Italy now until 18 October. Very glad Bob likes his book ["England Under Queen Anne: Blenheim" - always pays 'special attention' to his judgments - and that he likes Mary's ["William the Third and the defence of Holland, 1672-4"]. He himself has a 'great admiration' for it; Mary has had letters 'highly praising it' from Sapitze [?] and Sir John Fortescue, who are 'the two people most capable of judging' the political and military aspects respectively.

Letter from Mary Caroline Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Garden Corner, West Road, Cambridge. - Thanks Bob for writing; so glad he is pleased [about her engagement] and by what he wrote about parsons in his letter to her father; her 'darling John is just the most perfect parson that ever can have existed'. Hopes Bob will meet him soon. Her father is 'delighted', and it is one of her 'chief pleasures' to have given him 'so perfect a son-in-law'.

Letter from Anna Maria Philips to George Macaulay Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Gives a detailed account of [Caroline Trevelyan's] condition, which is 'much the same as on 21st'; thinks she will keep going 'a week or two longer' and will write on Wednesday. Sir George sits with her '3 or 4 times daily holding her hand'. Suggests that Robert should write to tell Sir George that it would be better for him to stay on at Welcombe for some time: she has just seen a letter from Mrs Watson saying the house at Wallington will be made ready quickly at short notice as requested, which must be in response to a letter from Sir George. She believes it is 'not safe' for him to go North until May or June, but she must get home at the end of February, for two weeks if possible. Glad she and George talked in November; feels they 'understand each other'.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Margaret Price

Thanks 'Aunt Meggie' for the letter and flowers; will put some in the schoolroom and some in the drawing room. His mother gave him a canary, which died after three days, so his grandfather gave him another. Georgie is 'learning his months and his tables', and can do an addition sum with help. Robert thinks he saw some metal in a piece of flint through his microscope'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

With monogram HPC and motto 'Mens sana in corpore sano'. - Thanks Bob for his letter about the rooms [at Trinity, Cambridge]; intends to choose Whewell's Court. Hopes to see Bob soon; he need not be alarmed about the Grove, as a 'perfectly effectual reconciliation' has taken place; will tell the details of the story when they meet. Bowen is 'keeping on young Sandilands and [?] Becham for another year; George now feels 'quite comfortable about the house next term'. Bowen is being very kind to him, and helping him get his poem 'ready for the prolusiones-press'; the essay is to be printed almost exactly as sent in. Has got the "Seven Lamps [of Architecture]" and "Modern Pictures" with his prize money, which came to over twenty pounds, and has now 'got all the big [underlined] Ruskins' since he got the "Stones of Venice" last year; also bought the sixteen-volume edition of Browning with his prize money. Sandilands should get his [cricket] flannels: he and Rome did very well in the game against the Household Brigade; reminiscent of when Grove House had 'Pope bowling at one end and Rome at the other at Lords'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

With monogram HPC and motto 'Mens sana in corpore sano'. - Hears that Bob is going abroad on Saturday; asks who he is going with. Asks for advice on exams he will have to take [at Cambridge] in October. Hopes to see Bob at Wallington in August and September. Is enjoying this term at Harrow as he never has before, with plenty of acquaintances; likes 'getting up the acting and spouting for Speech day' with Baker and [?] Geike, and is working even harder at history than at the beginning of term. Having great fun with the [cricket] Second XI who include 'young Sandilands' and are 'rather a nice set'. Hopes Bob can come down before he goes abroad.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

8, Grosvenor Crescent, S.W. - His and Bob's letters must have crossed. The stay at Seatoller ended on Thursday the 11th; he then went by himself to Melrose to walk in the Tweed and Yarrow valleys; came back to London on Saturday. Gives a rough sketch map of the area he visited, his impressions, and a brief synopsis of the role it played in Scottish history. Went to see the Moores at their home yesterday; talked for three hours with Tom, 'the most delightful person', who is writing 'another great poem on a classical subject'. Is going to Welcombe tomorrow for a few days before Cambridge; very glad Bob's book is going well, and will be interested to see it when he returns. Suggestions for Bob's 'ode [epic poem crossed through] on [George] getting the schol[arship]'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Trinity. - Afraid he was not 'the "young person" who had taken out the Aeschylus' as his Greek can cope with Homer, and Aristophanes to some extent, but not the tragic poets; might have been able to learn if 'there had been a rational system of teaching classics'. The Fellowships were given to 'very good men' on the principle that those who were 'at their last chance' should receive them; this principle would make Moore and Barnet [sic: Lionel Barnett?] 'safe for next year', and George has other reasons for thinking this. A shame Moore could not get one this year. If there is a third fellowship next year he himself stands a chance, and his work was 'very much approved of'. Hopes that Bob is getting on well with his poetry.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Trinity College, Cambridge. - Hopes Bob will come to Cambridge before the end of term: 9 December is Commem[oration], and 10 December the 'last Soccer [Apostles' Society] meeting this term'. Quite likely to elect [Sydney?] Waterlow before the end of term, so Bob would be 'extra welcome'. Verrall has done what Bob 'kindly offered', and has gone carefully through the first half of George's book ["England in the Age of Wycliffe"], 'prevented a lot of bad things', and will look at the second part soon. Will be very interested to hear how Bob's play is getting on.

Postcard from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Palermo; addressed to Bob at Hotel Timeo, Taormina. - Bob's guess is shrewd; thinks it does mean 20 March which would fit with their own plans. Quotes Marvel to emphasis that he is happy in solitude with 'mountains, lemon-groves and Norman Cathedrals', but he will be glad to 'reembrace society in the shape of [Bob]' at Syracuse; intends to leave on the morning of the 17th.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

8, Grosvenor Crescent, S.W. - Is not going to Egypt, but will come to Bob; will spend from 25-30 January happily at Pisa 'up to the heart in Shelley', then will come on to Ravello; looking forward to seeing Bob there. Will do an 'expedition' to Sicily, especially Syracuse, from there, and hope Bob will come with him; plans to go to Florence when the weather is warmer. Interested to hear how Bob's play progesses; liked "The Mulberry Tree" and 'dear old "phaselus ille" [a translation from Catullus]' very much: Bob should send it to Bowen 'as an alternative for modern side boys [at Harrow] to learn when they are late for dinner'. His own book ["England in the Age of Wycliffe"] will be out in about a month; their father's [the first volume of his "The American Revolution"] has been 'extremely well received'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Emmanuel College, Cambridge [Headed notepaper; address underlined and exclamation marks added]. - Glad Bob's '"Experience as a lawyer"' will allow him to visit next Sunday. Everyone is cheerful, 'flourishing on [their] old lines', but they 'expect "a sop"' such as Bob to be thrown them once a week: 'this week's sops were [Bertrand] Russell and his brother [Frank]'. Saw [Nathaniel] Wedd this morning for breakfast and a walk, who was 'quite all [George] had hoped or expected'. Has decided not to speak again at the Union, which is 'an inexpressible relief'. 'Great revolutions' here this term: there was 'a lady at MacT[aggart]'s "Wednesday evening" last week', and an exhibition [scholarship] has been started for history at Trinity; this is important as previously there have only been third year scholarships, which do not attract the best students; in the exams last May everyone in both years got thirds; the college have received a gift of two thousand pounds from Lord Derby. Inberg{??] has come up and is "flourishing"; [Frank?] Elliott is 'developing into the most delightful of fellows". Notes in postscript that he has 'found the kettle holder'; gives an account of the battle [of toy soldiers]; lists 'our table' as consisting of [Edward?] Marsh, [Maurice] Amos. [Ralph] Wedgwood, [Ralph] V[aughan]-Williams, [George] Moore, [Henry Graham] Dakyns, [Harry] Watkins, George himself, and his Harrow friend [Charles] Buxton.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Bob's book ["Polyphemus and Other Poems"] came out just after everyone had left Cambridge, but George will do 'all [he] can for it next term'. Likes it 'so very much', and has ordered six copies to give as presents. Thinks Roger [Fry's] illustrations 'very romantic and beautiful', and that they 'illustrated and explained & enlarged the idea of the poems a great deal'. Discusses the poems; thinks "The [Lady's] Bat" 'much the best thing' Bob has done, and 'in the way the most serious'. Lord Rosebery's speech 'a funny business': he 'said things that any Pro Boer would have been lynched for saying' after criticising pro-Boers 'more strongly than anyone'; George hopes what he says will 'get into common parlance'. Says that he himself 'went mad for two months last autumn... and saw men as idiots walking'; he wrote 'an exceedingly mad article... in which a lot of truth was buried in a hopeless amount of bunkum'; hopes Bob will not judge him on it if he sees it.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Was as pleased with the 'kindness' with which Bob talked about his troubles this year as with the way he talked to George last summer about 'the way in which I might help to make the family life more cheerful'; these suggest that George will be understood when he writes now to explain 'several things' which Bob does not know but will be glad to. There is not a 'tacit conspiracy of disapproval' of Bob: George thought this was untrue when Bob said so, but writes on the subject now as he has talked to their mother and Charles.

Charles began by saying that he thought Bob and Elizabeth were 'getting happy and at home here'; George mentioned something of what Bob had told him of the way their father talked to him, and Charles was 'disturbed' and 'distinctly more vexed [than George had been]'. Thinks Bessie had seen, even if Bob had not, that Charles had done his best to 'make [them] both happy and to get on good terms', with 'all idea of the other sort of thing... completely shoved behind him, in the past when we were all 3 very disagreeable youths'. Wants to assure Bob that both of his brothers are his friends, and hopes that he will not be angry with him. Charles is in truth 'quite as kind' as George is, and perhaps even more tolerant; though he is not literary and does not have as many common interests with Bob as George. True that all three brothers have 'chosen different lines of life, and have very [emphasised] constituted minds', but George does not see why they should 'ever quarrel again'.

Caroline began by telling George about her conversation with Bob about Sir George, saying that she had 'urged Papa in vain not to broach on the general subject of [Bob's] life and work' and was 'really distressed that he did not take her advice'. When George said what he thought, she urged him to speak to Sir George, which he would 'never have ventured to do' himself. So the only conspiracy is one 'to get Papa to forebear', as well as 'a kindness and an eagerness to do things for Elizabeth and [Bob]' which should not have been as 'obscure' to Bob as it seemed when he was 'annoyed about the music'.

Thinks his words in Bob's favour with Sir George this morning were a 'success'; will now 'take the liberty of talking in his favour' to Bob: he was 'never proposing' that Bob should 'give up poetry', and mentioned article-writing because Bob himself had told him last year that he was planning to take it up; he also did not intend to 'continually' return to the subject, and only meant, in the conversation about Sidney Webb, that Bob could interest himself 'in some bye employment at education or politics, which many literary persons have found consistent with literary schemes', and has 'no intention... of saying anything to annoy [Bob] on the subject'.

All three brothers have 'adopted unremunerative professions' and are 'dependent on Papa as three sons very seldom are'; he has never hindered 'any wish or whim' of any one of them 'whatever he has said [emphasised]' and they should therefore put themselves 'under his direction and meet his wishes as regards living within [their] incomes', all the more so as they are 'as a family burdened with landed estates'; Sir George treats Bob exactly as he treats George and Charles, and George thinks he is 'mainly in the right and ultimately wise', though he 'may use language that is exaggerated about the moral aspect'.

Card from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

Stocks Cottage, Tring. - Thanks Bob for his postcard; will 'much want' to hear his criticisms [of his own book about George Meredith?]. Is to write a 'causerie' for the "Speaker" on [Alfred William] Benn, though not until June as he recently did one about [Thomas] Hardy's "Dynasts". Is working on a book about Garibaldi in 1949: 'far and away the best fun' he has ever had in writing; had a 'splendid time walking over the ground at Easter'. Asks if Bob has read [Gabriele] D'Annunzio's "Canzone di Garibaldi" ,'fine historical poems'. Hears 'rumours that the Shiffolds are likely to become more populous' [Elizabeth is pregnant], which would give him more pleasure than anything 'in these recent very fortunate times' and 'seems a proper sequel to the General Election'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

2, Cheyne Gardens. - Sorry not to have seen more of Bob and Bessie yesterday, but had a deadline to finish some work, and then 'Desmond [MacCarthy] made us miss our train'. Would come to visit, 'but for the uncertainty of when our family event here [the forthcoming birth of his and Janet's son Theodore] will be'; thinks he should wait until after that, but asks if they will be at the Shiffolds in July. Goldie [Dickinson]'s speech, as well as [Robin] Mayor's, Bob's, and 'perhaps Bertie [Russell]'s' [at the Apostles dinner] were 'great', especially Mayor's; would 'scarcely have thought Robin had it in him', though there are 'traditions of his great vice-president speech'.

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