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Edward VII (1841–1910), King of Great Britain and Ireland
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Letter to Robert Bruce

The Prince of Wales proposes to reach Madingley on the evening of Saturday the 19th. The Prince Consort hopes WW has not forgotten his promise to give the Prince some lectures on Political Economy.

Letter from Bramine Hubrecht to R. C. Trevelyan

Florence. - She and her husband have often thought and talked about Trevelyan since he left them, wondering what the future will hold; they 'must leave that to dear Bessie'. Things will be hard for them both now: Bessie will be in 'isolation' at home, as she will not be able to discuss this matter with Bramine's parents or sister unless she is 'absolutely clear in her own mind - it would be mental torture'. The 'terrible business of the [Second Boer] war' will also make an impression on her, feeling as she already does so strongly 'the wrench which marriage with a foreigner would be'. The worst thing about the war is 'the hypocracy [sic] with which all the English statesmen seem to be saturated', preparing for six months while giving the Boers the 'illusion' that an agreement could be made; and then there are speeches like that of Balfour and 'other so called honourable and religious gentleman'. Meanwhile, Harcourt 'protests, but will vote for the money [further military funding]! Is there then no generous mind left?' Are the English so much come down since Lord Chatham?'. In Chatham's day, however, the war was 'against men of the same race' rather than 'those stupid Boers, who live according to their antiquated notions derived from the old testament'; is 'bitter, very bitter, against the wicked Government', however much she likes Trevelyan, whom she calls 'my dear fellow'. As for Queen Victoria, 'one sees how, by being a sort of machine all one's life, one becomes one really at last'; wonders why she did not appeal to the nation; also criticises the other rules who sent ambassadors to the peace conference and 'do not move an inch to help against war', it is a sign of how low the 'moral standard' everywhere seems to be. In time the world will be 'one big Exchange' with no poetry, and nothing mattering but money and greed.

Returns to the letter after several days, now in Rome; meanwhile the British Parliament, apart for a few Irish representatives, have voted funds for the war; cannot understand the Whigs. She cannot sleep at night, and having 'loved the English so', nearly hates them now; cannot write to Bessie about Trevelyan, and in her place 'could never consent to give up my birthright of Dutchwoman, to become a subject of that wicked mecreant [sic] the prince of Wales', who 'sells his soul and that of his subjects for the gold of Africa' and will not even go out to fight himself. Has just received a letter from Bessie, which says Trevelyan is going to see her; prays that if he wins her love his influence may 'widen and deepen her love for all beings and things'. Feels 'very responsible in this matter', since it was she who brought them together, and Bessie is 'half sister, half child, exceedingly dear'. Would be 'dreadful if she became tainted by what seems... the national vice of the English = selfdeceiving egotism, overbearingness, hypocrisy' which they call 'commonsense'. Begs his pardon for speaking so openly, which she does as she knows he has 'width of mind enough to shake off all chauvinistic feeling'; perhaps he does not think the opposition should have refused the funds or resigned.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - He and Caroline are also 'sorely exédés [exasperated]' by the way the King's death is treated by the newspapers, in which 'real emotions and sentiments' are 'overlaid and vulgarised by the perfunctory gush of writers who do not care about the matter at all'; like Elizabeth and Robert [see 46/170], wishes to return to the 'truths of life'. Even the comet [Halley's] has been 'made ridiculous'; has seen no mention that it has been growing smaller and more distant since it was 'a terror to the Turks in 1457'. More concerned about Elizabeth's trouble with the nurse, and Julian's progress. He and Caroline have been reading [John Lothrop] Motley's correspondence - the volume published in 1888 and the new one this year - which makes them think of Elizabeth and her family; there is a 'delightful picture' of his house at the Hague which was lent him by the Queen of the Netherlands [Sophie of Wüttemberg] when he was 'going downhill in body and in his diplomatic fortunes'. He himself, if not as good, is at least 'a healthier historian'.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Vernon House, Hartington Place, Eastbourne. - Caroline is at last 'really convalescent' and will stay at Eastbourne for a week; he himself goes to Welcombe tomorrow. Booa [Mary Prestwich] and Pantlin will stay with Caroline. This is a 'spick-and-span watering place', ready for a crowd which has not yet come. Is 'rather overset' by the King's death; reminds him of when he was invited, 'as a sort of typical undergraduate' to dine at Madingley [Hall] on the day of the Prince's coming to Cambridge. Only Sir George, [the Duke of] St Albans, and the Prince 'a pretty, very young boy' were there; Sir George was by some years the oldest, and now is the only survivor. Has had opportunity to observe the new King well; the old King is, politically, 'a terrible loss, with his immense authority and popularity and his tried Liberalism!'. Agrees that much of [Samuel Butler's] "Erewhon" is 'rather pretentious'. Sends love to Elizabeth. Was delighted by the picture of Robert and Julian.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Caroline Trevelyan

Thanks his mother for her letter. They went last Wednesday 'to see another magic lantern show' by Mr Bent, with 'dis[s]olving views'; about 'his travels near Damascus and the Prince of Whales's [sic] travels in India, and several photographs of English cathedrals'. The school 'played the Camerons' yesterday, but Robert had sprained his right knee and could not play; it is better now. Wixenford won six-nil. Sends love to all, and asks if his mother can send him some envelopes. Had breakfast with Mrs Arnold last week.

Letter from Roger Fry to R. C. Trevelyan

Durbins, Guildford. - Fate, 'though not in an unkind way', seems against him getting his expedition; has just had a commission for a ceiling painting for Sir A[ndrew] Noble's place in Scotland [Ardkinglas] and needed to visit; the project will keep him busy for the latter part of June, so he expects only to get away to Munich at the end of May for 'the Mahommedan Exhibition' ["Meisterwerke muhammedanischer Kunst", reviewed by Fry in the "Burlington Magazine" Aug, Sept 1910]. The death of the King [Edward VII] also 'interferes' since [Lionel] Cust is taken up with court duties and the "Burlington [Magazine]" rests almost wholly on Fry. Does not think he can undertake a bicycle tour; will probably return from Munich via Bale [Basel], Troyes, Provins and Paris, spending about six days. Would love it if Bob joined him, say at Bale 'to see the Holbeins', but does not think it wourth his while. Hope [Bob's son] Julian is prospering; might come over on Sunday.

Trinity College Lodge visitor book

Signed by Edward VII, while Prince of Wales, Balfour, Curzon, Randall Davidson, Campbell Bannerman, Oscar I, King of Sweden and seven others.

Butler, Henry Montagu (1833–1918), college head

Copy letter from Henry Sidgwick to James Bryce

MS copy letter. Since he last wrote to Bryce he has been 'going pretty steadily the wrong way, as regards convalescence'. Is writing now before Bryce goes to the Alps; hopes he will have good weather 'and a favourable selection of fellow-countrymen' in his hotel. Hopes to see him and his wife when they return: does not wish to think of Hindleap Lodge, as he has had to do with the Alps, as a place he will never see again. Had a conversation with Arthur Balfour about 'the "New Academy" - i.e. the question that will present itself in case the Royal Society will have none of [them].' Discusses the selection of members, and remarks that there were probably always rejected candidate supported by cliques, but that the number in their age 'is likely to be indefinitely larger, and the cliques indefinitely more noisy.' Balfour suggested that it might be worth while to get the Prince of Wales to interest himself in the subject. Wishes Bryce a bon voyage.

Letter from Edmund Gosse to J. G. Frazer

17 Hanover Terrace, Regent's Park, N.W. - Encloses the letters he received in response to his enquiry if King Edward VII would care to accept a copy of Frazer's 'The Early History of the Kingship': one from [Malcolm Graham] Ramsay dated 30.X.1905 enclosing a letter from [Frederick Edward] Ponsonby dated 30.X.05, stating that that the King will be pleased to accept the gift but that this does not imply permission to dedicate the book to him.

Copy of a letter from M. K. Gandhi to Sir Stafford Cripps

Camp: Gauhati (‘as from’ Sevagram, Via Wardha).—Acknowledges the receipt of his letter, and expresses the hope that ‘this time there is determination to do the right thing in terms of Indian thought’.

(Typed transcript.)



As from Sevagram, | Via Wardha (India)

Camp: Gauhati,
12th January, 1946.

Dear Friend,

I was delighted to receive your letter of 19th December ’45. As I am touring Bengal and Assam, your kind greetings were received only yesterday. The Rajkumari {1} had described her talks with you and told me how affectionate you were towards me. I am hoping that this time there is determination to do the right thing in terms of Indian thought. I well remember what King Edward had said about right dealing. I was then in South Africa. The question was of interpreting the treaty between the British and the Boers, and the King had gently insisted on the Boer interpretation being accepted in preference to the British. How I wish that the admirable canon be repeated this time.

I hope with you that this New Year will bring to the thirsting earth the much needed shower of peace and goodwill for which the “Prince of Peace” lived and died.

Yours sincerely,
(sgd) M. K. GANDHI

Sir R. Stafford Cripps,
Board of Trade,
London, S.W.1.


{1} Amrit Kaur.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

8, Grosvenor Crescent, S.W. [but perhaps written at Bournemouth?] - Sorry to hear that Elizabeth's nurse is not well; perhaps some treatment will put her right. Would be delightful if she and Robert could be at Cambo when she says, then come to Caroline and Sir George; they could keep Julian as long as was required if Elizabeth and Robert wanted to pay visits or travel in August; sure Julian should have northern air in hot weather. '[S]hocked and distressed at the King's death'; Elizabeth knows she does not 'care much about royalties', but the King has been 'most important' in the [current constitutional] crisis, has 'always done the right thing' since becoming King and has often 'intervened in a most useful & broad-minded way'; it is a 'real blow for the liberal party'. Sorry Elizabeth had 'such a small meeting' [of her Women's Liberal Association?] but is not surprised; 'extraordinary how apathetic & suspicious they are at first, but interest grows gradually'. Suggests arranging a tea party. Is feeling much better; Sir George comes this morning. Very amused by the photo.