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Sidgwick, Eleanor Mildred (1845-1936) Principal of Newnham College Cambridge
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Notes relating to the life of Henry Sidgwick

Notebooks: 'List of articles & reviews by Dr Sidgwick with remarks by E[leanor] M[ildred] Sidgwick', including several loose sheets and gatherings [item 1]; recording references to Sidgwick in the [Cambridge University] Reporter, 1870-1979 [item 2], Oct 1876-June 1886 [item 3], Nov 1886-1894 [item 4], 1895-1896, [item 5, labelled 1894-1896], 1897-1900 [item 6]; recording references to and contributions by Sidgwick in the Cambridge University Gazette, 1868-1869 [item 7]; 'University & College Reforms', also including two printed sheets (notes by Sidgwick re Council,12 Jun 1870, and re compulsory Greek [May 1872]) and one MS sheet of notes re the Syndicates [item 8]; 'List of Dr Sidgwick's Lectures from University Reporter, 1870-1900' [item 9]. Printed prospectus of Cambridge lectures in moral science, 1887-1888 [item 10].

Henry Sidgwick: notebook containing additions incorporated in the sixth edition of Methods of Ethics

Note on first page by E[leanor] M[ildred] Sidgwick explaining that Methods of Ethics was being revised when Henry Sidgwick died, and that the 'additions etc are in his handwriting and have been bound [she thinks] by Miss E. C[onstance] Jones who helped him with the revision and completed it after his death'.

Sidgwick, Henry (1838–1900), philosopher

Letter from E.E. Bowen to Arthur Sidgwick

Typewritten copy of letter. Refers to a piece he has written on Henry Sidgwick [see ADD.MS/b/71/3/3-5], which refers to the latter's undergraduate years at Cambridge. Gives his permission to use the piece in any way he wishes. Wishes that he could find some letters, but states that he could only find one letter in blank verse, which he sent to Nora Sidgwick. In relation to the writing of the memoir advises Arthur Sidgwick to 'sacrifice everything to shortness....' Accompanied by sheet, with explanatory note in ink: 'Copy of E. E. Bowen[']s notes about Henry'.

Bowen, Edward Ernest (1836-1901) schoolmaster

Letter from Lord [Hallam] Tennyson to Nora Sidgwick

Thanks her for letting him see 'these most interesting proofs' [of Nora and Arthur Sidgwick's memorial of Henry Sidgwick], and states that he quite understands that she will have to shorten the draft. Refers to some 'scraps' written to [Henry Graham] Dakyns, which are 'not worthy of insertion'. In answer to questions she had put to him, claims that he cannot remember the exact date of a letter about 'In Memoriam'; that the reference to Wilfrid Ward is to an article on his [Tennyson's] father; and that the reference to Leslie Stephen is to 'an attack of his on the Idylls of the King'. Suggests 'Tod' might refer to [Alpheus] Todd's Parliamentary Government in the British Colonies. Refers to notes in his father's autobiography - Memoir of Alfred Lord Tennyson - in relation to the interpretation of a letter. Adds that he hopes that Nora's brother - Arthur Balfour - 'will s[ ] Parliament soon - for the feeling of unrest [ ] to Arnold-Forster and Co is becoming rampant.' Sends his wife's kindest remembrances.

Tennyson, Hallam (1852-1928) 2nd Baron Tennyson

Letter from James Bryce to Nora Sidgwick

Explains that he found her letter of 25 September on his return to his home that night. States that there is nothing in the diary entries that she sent him in the proof [of the memoir to Henry Sidgwick] to which he objects. Remarks that what Henry wrote in the diary is very interesting, and expresses the hope that there is a good deal of it that she can publish. States that he will recommence his search for letters from Henry now that he is in London again for a few days. Believes that he could find some a later date, i.e., between 1870 and 1895. Reports that he [and his wife] have had an instructive, but rather tiring tour in Macedonia and Bulgaria, and sends on his wife's love to Nora. Adds that he has found the last letter Henry wrote to him, and sends a copy of it [not included], and remarks on the 'serenity and cheerfulness' in it and 'the interest in things which still remained with him.' Confirms that the ' "New Academy" ' is the British Academy, 'for whose establishment he [Henry] had taken some pains'.

Bryce, James (1838-1922) Viscount Bryce of Dechmont, politician

Letter from M[arianne] Latham to Nora Sidgwick

Tells Nora to do whatever she likes with what she wrote about Nora. Explains that it was originally 'a kind of protest...against some of Mr. Myers' words.' States that the '[ ]field time was certainly first after the vacation at Oban', and recalls C.H. Tawney bringing another man, when Tawney first came home from Oban, and Henry [Sidgwick] coming a little later. Admits that she cannot recall how the tableau vivant question came up, but states that 'the Afghan costume wasnt [sic] the only time Mr. Sidgwick dressed himself up', and recalls having seen him walking about in the garden of a house they lived in in Glamorganshire in an enormous sun hat. Adds that she has not [touched] the [proofs?] because she agrees to whatever Nora thinks.

Latham, Marianne Frances (1839-1926) née Bernard, mistress of Girton

Letter from [Frank] Podmore to Nora Sidgwick

Referring to an enclosed printed extract regarding an estimation of Henry Sidgwick's character, declares that he shall be very glad that the 'few lines should be quoted', and states that he has made some slight alterations in order to bring out the meaning more clearly. States that he shall look forward greatly to reading the book [Henry Sidgwick, a memoir]. Adds that he was reading a few days ago Masterman's appreciation of Henry Sidgwick in The Peril of Change.

Podmore, Frank (1856-1910) psychical researcher

Letter from William Everett to Nora Sidgwick

Apologises for the delay in replying to her letter. Tells her that she is welcome to print the 'little bit' of his if she wishes. Reports that soon after he knew that Nora's book was making good progress he asked the editor of the Atlantic Monthly - a literary magazine - to let him write an article on it, or on Henry Sidgwick himself, as soon as the book comes out. Asks if it would be possible for her to send him 'advance sheets' for this purpose. Declares that he looks back with great interest to Cambridge and Newnham, and adds that it was very kind of Nora to receive him there.

Everett, William (1839-1910) classicist

Letter from Arthur Sidgwick to Nora Sidgwick.

Announces that the poem has been found, and he sends it with two other pieces [not included] 'about which [they] hesitated when [they] were looking thro' the papers'. States that he thinks that 'the prose fragment 'about "friends" is the most interesting: the Oma[r] [Khayam] verses next: and the Iphig[enia] least.' Remarks that one difficulty is that there is no special place in the book [Henry Sidgwick, a memoir to put the above, and suggests that they have 'a small print addendum, containing those three, avowedly as fragments....' Encloses a note for [ ] S. [not included].

Sidgwick, Arthur (1840–1920), educationist and classical scholar

Letter from Alice Johnson to Nora Sidgwick

Discusses the proofs of chapters two, three and four of Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir, which she is reading a second time. States that she feels very strongly against cutting this part of the book down at all, as she believes that there is 'practically nothing...that one would not be very sorry to miss from it.' Refers to its 'interest and charm', and to Henry's sincerity and courage, as well as to 'his refusal to be satisfied either with a materialistic or merely abstract theory.' Estimates that the complete book would constitute 'two not very big volumes', and compares this to the size of other biographies, e.g., Tennyson's, J.A. Symond's, V[ ]'s letters, and Colvin's Letters of R[obert] L[ouis] S[tevenson]. Declares that the great variety of topics in the book will make it more interesting to more people. Adds that in reading the proofs she has marked things she thought to be misprints, and refers to some inconsistencies and inaccuracies. States that she is very anxious for a reference to Henry's letter 'about In Memoriam in Tennyson's Life' to be brought in somewhere in the work, and also that the account he wrote in Archbishop Benson's Life about his school days will also be included. Refers to Henry's interest in others, and in particular to a letter he wrote to her after her Tripos. Undertakes to try to send off the proofs of the second chapter the following morning.

Johnson, Alice (1860-1940) zoologist, psychical researcher

Letter from Arthur C. Benson to Nora Sidgwick

Sends her back the proofs of Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir [not included], which, he claims, interested him greatly. States that he has 'scribbled a few scattered criticisms and corrections at the side', but assures her that they are very few. Remarks that he likes 'the semi-autobiographical plan' very much, but declares that the letters 'don't give a rich enough picture of his mind.' Adds that he thought that at some points the explanatory matter was a little too technical, especially in relation to the higher education of women. States that he appended to the last sheets 'a [tiny] scrap of reminiscence' of his own about Henry's talk, because he believes that the people she had quoted 'turned too much to the purely mental stuff of the thoughts, and did not bring out the manner, the personality, which lent so great a charm.' Tells her to use his piece in any way she pleases. Announces that he is not going to Windsor after all. Suggests that she might like to discuss some of the points he touched upon, and informs her that he would be available after the following Monday.

Benson, Arthur Christopher (1862–1925), poet and college head

Letter from Mary C Malvin to Nora Sidgwick

Hopes that the letter will arrive in time to greet Nora on her return. Thanks her for writing to her to tell her how she was and what she was doing. States that she has just been looking out Ewhurst on a map, and observes that it is close to Leith Hill, which they have been told they should climb when they are at Tadworth, as the view from it is so good. Adds that they are not going there until the end of July, but that her mother and she are going away to Marlborough for a shorter visit on the following Thursday. Reports on her own health, and that she has of late been suffering from fatigue. Claims that the plot of her tale 'has come clearer...', but that she has not worked very hard on it. Reports also that E[alie] Slinger has been ill for some time, but that she gets up on her couch for a few hours daily, and has taken to writing letters with her left hand. States that she has at last found out about Dr Dale's school. Explains that her brother at Rochester knows a Miss Dale there whose father had the school [in Blackheath] some years previously. Believes that it was a private school for boys, but adds that she is 'judging solely from its character under a later master - a Mr Valentine who succeeded Dr Dale....' Offers to find out more details for Nora. Adds that Miss Hodgetts was married on 26 June 'to a Mr Sweeny'. Accompanied by an envelope addressed to Nora at Newnham Collgege, with MS note: 're Dr Dale's school'.

Letter from Charles Waldstein to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to Henry Sidgwick's impending 'serious operation'. Attributes to him and [Henry] Bradshaw the main credit for 'any good work' that he [Waldstein] may have done since coming to Cambridge. Writes of how much Sidgwick's personality and example have influenced him. Asserts that the credit for the improvements to university life over the previous twenty years is due to Sidgwick and others who stood by him.

Walston, Sir Charles (1856-1927) Knight, archaeologist

Letter from Edward M. Young to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to having received that morning from Sidgwick a note, which filled him with sorrow. Quotes the words that Jesus uttered on the cross before he died, and hopes that these words, which had been used by Polycarp, Bernard, Luther, [Huss] and others at their death, will be also used by Sidgwick at his demise. Refers to Sidgwick's 'dear wife, for whom they [Young and his wife?] feel for 'most deeply'.

Young, Edward Mallet (1839-1900) Head Master of Sherborne School

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to A.J. Patterson

Refers to Patterson's last letter, which reached Cambridge a day or two before Sidgwick contracted influenza. Explains that he is in Seaford, Sussex, for convalescence. With reference to Patterson's article on 'Home Rule in Austria-Hungary', suggests that unless he is strongly moved to alter it, he should not do anything with it. Reports that the editor [of the National Review, see 98/48: Leopold Maxse] has accepted it but does not want to publish it, because he mistakenly thinks it is about Irish Home Rule. Thinks that if the reference to Home Rule were to be eliminated 'its interest for English readers generally would be impaired', but that the editor would probably find some other excuse not to publish it.. Declares that he will try to see the editor in London about the matter. Reports that Bryce is very busy now; he is chairman of a Royal Commission as well as President of the Board of Trade. Sends greetings to Patterson's wife and daughters. Reports that Mrs Sidgwick is 'temporarily absent, attending her Royal Commission'.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to E.M. Young

Thanks Young for his letter and advice. States that Mrs Sidgwick 'would prefer the wagonette at Edlingham (2-11 on Monday) if it is a fine day', but tells him to exercise his judgment with regard to the weather.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

[Sent from A. Balfour's house, Strathconan, Ross-shire]:- Explains that his last letter to her was written on their journey from Edinburgh. Refers to the 'charm of the scenery', and to the nearby hills, one of which they climbed a day or two previously. Reports that his brothers-in-law began to stalk deer on the previous Monday, and that they have killed four stags. States that they are 'now living almost entirely on the produce of the chase of various kinds'; is glad she likes the grouse sent to her. Reports that he has gone with Nora to visit two or three people 'in the "Strath", one of them a woman living in almost the only remaining specimen of the stone hovels that a generation ago were the ordinary houses [there]'. Remarks on the resemblance of the Highland people to Irishmen 'as [they] ordinarily imagine them, and refers to a woman whom they visited, 'who said "at all at all" just like an Irishwoman in fiction' but he 'did not detect in her household arrangements any of the recognised defects of the Irish character'. States that they have promised to stay there until the following Wednesday, and he thinks that they will then return to Cambridge. Reports that Nora sends her love, and expresses their concern that she has had some pain in her hand.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

Reports that he and Nora have now got their affairs regarding 'the Education of Women' into order for the term. Has much to do, as he is to lecture on Shakespeare, Bacon, and perhaps Milton in addition to his usual work. Reports that when they left her the previous Monday week, they saw Worcester Cathedral, the restoration of which he 'did not much admire', and then went on to Cheltenham, where they went skating. States that they had a pleasant week at Cheltenham, and that he believes that Mrs Myers [mother of Frederick Myers] health is worse than it was; she 'was much interested about fighting the corporation of Manchester who are trying to turn Thirlmere Lake into a big ugly reservoir for Lancashire towns.'

They had a very pleasant night at Rugby [with the Arthur Sidgwicks]. Declares that Rose [his niece] is 'a charming creature', and reports that the other baby [Ethel, just over a month old] was 'thoughtfully kept out of [his] sight'. '[Jex]-Blake has raised nearly £10,000 for buildings at Rugby', such as an observatory and library, which Henry says 'shows great energy in dignified mendacity'; he himself has donated thirty pounds. They then spent a couple of nights with the Rayleighs, and then went home. Reports that [his cousin] Alfred Sidgwick has sent him another essay, 'which is also not bad'. Hopes that the weather has not troubled her, and reports that they found their 'ill-built house very cold' when they got back to it. Sends on Nora's love.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his sister Mary "Minnie" Benson

Refers to the chocolate eggs, which his wife sent to Minnie's children for Easter. Announces that they go to Cambridge the following morning at nine o'clock. States that they have already made acquaintance with their temporary house and like it. Wishes that work on it 'did not begin quite so soon'. Reports that he saw Andrew Clark 'and promised to save him the trouble of writing to [her].' Informs her that Clark believes that their mother 'is suffering from a very mild form of the effect of gout on the brain'. Sends on Nora's love.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

Reports that he went up to London on the previous Saturday to lecture on Psychical Research to a 'College for Men and Women', and called to see her on Sunday, but found that they had gone to Ramsgate. Is delighted by her haunted house story, and wishes to begin making further inquiries. Enquires if she can find out for them where Mrs Tilghmans H[ ] is to be found in London. Asks her if she thinks his colleague Frank Podmore might call and ask her questions, or if Minnie would undertake the task herself. Lays out the main questions that he would like to have answered; wishes to know if the sisters Anna and Henrietta will write an account of their experiences, if the servants could be persuaded to testify, 'expecially Hannah Lilley and Minnie Forbes, and if it would be found out from Miss Hastings the names of the other persons who have lived in the house. Thinks that they certainly ought to take the house, if it is to be taken year by year. Remarks that a seven year lease 'would be rather a high price to pay for apparitions that may never come.' Encloses one of their slips 'of Phantasms of the Living '[book in preparation by Podmore, Myers and Gurney, published in 1886] not included], which Minnie may be able to help them in. Asks her if she could find out whether 'Rev.d James Walker' is alive, and if not whether he has left relations 'who know anything of the story.'

Announces that they shall probably be up in London again for the General Meeting of the Society of Psychical Research on Friday 28 March, and hopes to see her. Nora sends her love and hopes that 'nothing worse than transient colds' drove [them] to Ramsgate. Trust that Edward 'bears the sh[ ] of work prosperously'.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

Finds that he and Nora are unable to come to tea the following day, as it is the only time Nora can see her brother Gerald and his wife, as they are going to Paris on the following Thursday. Adds that they may have to go to Cambridge on Friday [12 Apr] for [Benjamin Hall] Kennedy's funeral. States that lunch-time on Thursday or any time on Saturday afternoon would suit them. Reports that they have just come from a Women's Suffrage meeting, at which Nora was speaking. Remarks that the question 'seems to be in a very thorny condition'.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

Reports that he and Nora have come to London for some days, and that various meetings will occupy them both until the following Thursday. Suggests that they might go to lunch [with Minnie and family] on the following day, 'or Thursday or to tea on Wednesday, or...any time after Thursday.' Announces that the following week he shall be busy - having his portrait painted [by J. J. Shannon], and finishing his book. Claims to be much interested in a general way in Edward's Trial [of Edward King, bishop of Lincoln, accused of ritualism] but admits that he hasn't yet had time to read the arguments.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

Refers to her invitation to himself and Nora to visit her from Monday to Thursday of the following week, which Nora cannot accept because of the Society of Psychical Research experiments at Brighton. Asks if she would like him to come by himself for two nights. Explains that he could not come for more, as he managed to disengage himself from attendance at the Brighton experiments in order to work on his book, but that he shall be reading at the [British] Museum library, and could come from Tuesday evening to Thursday morning without undue pressure on his conscience.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

States that he has just received her note. Reports that they found William at Zermatt when they returned from an expedition the previous afternoon, and have been with him all day, 'walking up to and down from the Gower Goat' Reports that William seems to them 'in a very satisfactory condition'. Refers to [Edward or James?] Rhoades, who has been with the latter for a fortnight, and states that that both he and William consider it to have been 'a most successful expedition'. Reports that William had intended to stay in the region and tackle some of the high passes there, but a decree of the Federal Government prohibiting the employment of French guides has forced him to change his plans, and he has decided to accompany Henry out of Switzerland into Italy to do the '[Tour] of Monte Rosa', and then go back to Chamonix. Informs her that he gave William her address. Hopes that she will have a good time. Reports that they are at present 'depressed by corporal ailments of various kinds', but they are otherwise cheerful.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

Refers to the fact that she is off to Florence in early April. Asks her to send him a postcard to let him know whether he shall find her at home on the following Monday, or whether he had better come on Tuesday. Announces that he and Nora and Arthur [Sidgwick or Benson?] are going to be in London for two or three days, and reports that they are not quite well again after a bout of influenza. They think that they have had enough of sea air, and that Arthur will give her the details. Claims that he has not quite got over 'a certain depression of energy and spirits', which were a result of his illness, but 'can detect no flaw' in his organic condition. Reports that he has been reading much light literature, but none that has left much impression on him, apart from the last story in George Meredith's book of three stories.

Letter from F. W. Cornish to Henry Sidgwick

Expresses his thanks to Sidgwick and to Mrs Sidgwick for their hospitality in Cambridge. Refers to 'the Road business'. Expresses the hope that his presence did not much interfere with Sidgwick's work, and looks forward to the appearance of 'Book 1 and Book 2' Claims to have found Arthur [Sidgwick?] 'in good spirits and looking well'. Refers to Lux Mundi - a theological book, which Arthur had bought.

Cornish, Francis Warre Warre (1839-1916) schoolmaster and author

Letter from C. A. Elliott to Henry Sidgwick

States that he would have written last Autumn to inform him that his eldest son was going up to Trinity, and to ask him and Mrs Sidgwick to show him what kindness they could. Admits that it is now 'rather late in the day', but hopes that they might seek him out, as he [Elliott senior] would greatly value the Sidgwicks' friendship and advice to his son. Gives an account of the boy's activities since leaving school, and his time at Trinity, and expresses concern about his future. Reports that Fred Myers 'has been good to him'. With regard to his time in India, he reports that since he last saw Sidgwick he has had the post of Public Works Minister. Discusses the Department and the work it carries out, including canal construction throughout India. Mentions Sidgwick's efforts to revise the University's constitution and states that '[t]here is an undercurrent of sedition which has to be checked'. Expresses the desire to 'talk it all out with' Sidgwick. Mentions having read the Psychical Journal.

Elliott, Sir Charles Alfred (1835-1911) Knight, Indian civil servant

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