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Friends War Victims Relief Committee
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Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Most interested to have Robert's definite arrangements [for his work in France with the Friends War Victims Relief Committee]. Very sorry about the Toveys' 'calamity' [Grettie Tovey going into an asylum]; would have been most surprised if they did not know from experience 'how definite a physical illness mental disturbance is' and that the 'most helpful and strong-minded people' can be subject to it; hopes for the best for them both. H[enry] Y[ates] T[hompson] and Dolly are visiting. Was very sorry to finish Aulus Gellius.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Glad Robert is going [to France with the Friends War Victims Relief Committee] with Mr [Thomas Edmund?] Harvey; has heard excellent things about him. Disappointed not to have Elizabeth and Julian with them, but agrees with her decision, as the trains would have been crowded with school-children returning from holiday and 'every sort of roughter holiday-makers who have to take their time off when they can', and it is now more than a day's journey from the Shiffolds to Wallington. The grouse have failed most unaccountably: Charles only got a sixth of the normal bag; the Swinburnes write that they have no grouse at their 'excellent moor of Mounces'; and Keilder [sic: Kielder], mentioned in Macaulay, which the Duke of Northumberland had let for 300 pounds, only provided a brace on the first day - the Duke gave back the rent. He himself has not fired a gun since 1914 'and never shall'.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Robert's sight of Paris [working with the Friends War Victims Relief Committee] 'in these times' must be one of the 'greatest... scenes in the world's history'; since 'one knows Paris so much better even than London', any material or social change must be observable. Wonders what Balzac, Grandville, or Gavarni would have made of it. Supposes Dole is a headquarters of the Society; will be interested if Robert goes there, as he remembers going with his parents, while he was still a schoolboy at Harrow, 'on the immortal road [to Italy] with which Ruskin has made the world familiar'; reminisces about his journey; Ruskin's 'account of his boyish delight in that route makes one sick with longing that oneself, and the world, might be 65 years younger'. They have had 'delightful letters' from Elizabeth.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - The first letter he has written to Robert in France [with the Friends War Victims Relief Committee]; is unsure what is safe to put in; will take his cue from Robert. Glad that Elizabeth will have friends staying with her while Robert is away and Julian is at school. Charles has let his London house to his friend Buckner; supposes he will stay at his father-in-law's when Parliament begins its session. George has returned to Italy; what he and his comrades has done seems to be greatly appreciated; [the Italians] are 'a delightful people, worthy of their great past'. Has just finished the letters of Pliny, which he first read thirty-eight years ago at Nanty-frith [sic: Nant-y-Ffrith]; then he disliked Pliny's 'egotism and naïve vanity' so much that he has not touched them since, but he must be 'more charitable, or easy to be pleased' now; glad to find 'how much good Roman feeling had survived the bad emperors, and how grand a fellow Trajan was'.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. -Winter has returned and the world is white again, but there has been a thaw today and he hopes it extends to Paris. Very interested in Robert's account of the 'local arrangements' of his organisation [the Friends War Victims Relief Committee]. Aunt Anna [Philips] much appreciated her visit to Shiffolds, and was glad to see the [Thomas Sturge] Moores. Julian seems to be doing his best to be a good schoolboy; very good that Robert and Elizabeth know so much about the school. Very good to have George back again, though he and Janet have 'the great worry and anxiety' of Humphry having scarlet fever; he is getting excellent care in an isolation hospital at Berkhamsted. Sir George is leading a quiet life and a happy, except for 'public, and above all general financial, and trade, anxieties'; is reading a good amount of the classics every day, and next month plans to read Lucretius in his uncle [Macaulay's] copy, which is 'very copiously annotated, and marked'. Has been reading so much about the Epicureans in [Cicero's] "De Natura Deorum" and "De Officiis" that his curiosity has been revived; like a man who has been reading [Pascal's] "Provincial Letters" and wants to know 'what the Jesuits have to say for themselves'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

British Red Cross Society, First British Ambulance Unit for Italy, Intendenza IIIa Armata, Zona di Guerra. - Thanks Bob for the 'paper re Molly's moves', which he has signed and sent back to Sir Hugh Bell. Glad to hear where Bob was and what he was doing; expects the work of [the Friends War Victims Relief Committee] will 'come in more than ever' during the armistice, whenever that begins, and 'a library if well chosen may be very much to the point'. Sorry to hear about the death of Bass [Sebastian Burtt?] Meyer's brother [Philip?]; if Bob sees Meyer, he should tell him that George's unit 'hope to get the Star lorry on the road again before demobilization': he will understand. George's unit have had a 'quiet year', except for one week in June. He has started writing again, and the 'beauty of the sub Alps and Iuganeans [Euganean Hills]... is in itself a resource'. Notes in a postscript that the unit's base is 'within 2 miles of Petrarch's house' [at Arquà] which is as genuine as [Shakespeare's] house at Stratford, with the 'cat that was in his room when he died' stuffed and mounted over the door of the room.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

British Red Cross Society, First British Ambulance Unit for Italy, Intendenza IIIa Armata, Zona di Guerra. - Thanks Bob for his letter of 5 November, and for forwarding Pease's letter. Has spoken to Edwardes and thinks it possible that he and Sykes will return to Fr[iends] War Victims Relief work in France when the ambulance unit disbands, which George hopes will be early next year; has asked Edwardes to speak to anyone he thinks suitable, so that they can offer their services to [Edmund] Harvey when the time comes. Asks Bob to tell Harvey that George will do all he can to help; would be useful to have up to date information about the FWVRC's 'recent and prospective work', and what kind of people are required, as well as whether this work is all unpaid.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Friends War Victims Relief Committee, A.P.O., S.5., B.E.F., France. - Originally enclosing three photographs of Paris, where he is now; went up the Eiffel tower 'years ago, in a lift', but has never been on the Great Wheel. Will soon go into the country to work on a farm where animals are bred for sale cheaply to farmers who have lost theirs in the war. Hopes Julian enjoys his last days at home [before starting school], and that Miss Barthorp [his governess] does too. Is sorry that Julian will not now see Tom; perhaps he can write to him. Wonders if Julian has finished the 'history of the Ilond [?]' and the two plays; hopes there will be a performance of the farm play. Must go to work at the office now.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Paris. - Hopes that Julian got his postcard from Dôle. Travelled back to Paris on a night train which was so busy that for two hours he and his friend had to sit on their knapsacks in the corridor. Is busy starting a lending library for relief workers all over France; is 'allowed to send letters without stamps' but will stamp a letter one day so Julian can have one. Tells him to send any letters to his mother to forward on. Hopes he is happy [at school]; hears his mother is soon coming to visit. Sorry he will not be back for Christmas, but hopes to return in February or March; will come to visit him at school. Does not see many traction engines in Paris. Asks to be remembered to Mrs Fish [the headmistress].

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Friends War Victims Relief Committee, A.P.O., S.5., B.E.F., France. - Glad to hear from Julian's letter that he is getting on 'quite well' [at school'; he must have enjoyed his visit from his mother; wishes he could have come too. Sorry he cannot be home for Christmas, but will have to stay until March. Glad Julian has heard from Tom Ugle, whom he hopes is better; supposes he will have to 'find a new engine' unless he is going to give up engine-driving. Went on a long train journey last week to Sermaize [les-Bains] to see the relief workers and ask what books he should get for them. All the houses there were burnt in a great battle four years ago [the Battle of the Marne], and the people have to live in wooden huts which are being made for them until proper ones can be built again. Everyone in France is glad the war is over; he hopes there will be no more wars in his own or Julian's lifetime. Is going to lunch with 'Monsieur Coquetot' [Jean Cocteau?], who is 'very clever and writes plays and also draws very well', and is 'very pleasant company' but talks so fast Robert cannot always understand him. Has made friends with 'a very good French painter called [Jean?] Marchand, who talks more slowly' so he understands him better; Marchand paints 'chiefly landscapes, but sometimes portraits or still-life'. Is going for lunch by underground railway: the 'Tubes in Paris are not so deep down'.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Julian Trevelyan

Friends War Victims Relief Committee, A.P.O., S.5., B.E.F., France. - Thanks Julian for the Christmas card, notebook and poem, also 'trust[s] a few months will see [him] home'. Sends a coloured photograph of a Watteau painting as a Christmas card. Hopes Julian is having a good holiday with his mother and the Moores; wishes he could be there, and that Julian could 'fly over in an aeroplane' and see him 'folding up parcels of books', which he is very clumsy at, and his way of 'making an index of the library'. Will write to Elizabeth tomorrow, is sending a program for her of a concert he went to. Wonders whether Julian is 'eating Sumph for breakfast, or Sue perhaps [pigs?]', and how the rabbits are doing. Hears that Mr Moore is reading Captain Cook's voyages to Julian, Dan and Riette. It is wet, the river Seine is very full and muddy, and 'rushes along like the yellow Tiber in "Horatius" [by Macaulay]'

Letter from Carroll Binder to R. C. Trevelyan

552 North Waller Ave., Chicago. Ill[inois]. - Thanks Bob for the 'charming translations' [of Aeschylus's "Oresteia"] and letter; hopes Lewis Gannett's copy will arrive safely. Has forwarded Gannett's letter to him at New York; he is an editor at the "Nation", and Binder thinks he will make sure a reviewer sees it if he does not review it himself. Suggests other publications Bob should send the book to. Has given his copy to an associate on the "Chicago Daily News", which 'has an excellent book review section for an American daily', who is a professor of classics and 'also a bit of a poet' [Keith Preston?], asking him to write a review and return it. 'Midwest dailies do not give much space to classical literature', but this may help bring it to the notice of classics lovers; will send Bob a copy. There are of course 'learned journals' in the States who would review the book, but he does not know them well, and expects Bob sees most of them. Glad that Francis [Birrell, with whom he and Bob worked in France for the Friends War Victims Relief Committee] is 'prospering'; hopes to see them all again some day. Has been on the staff of the "News" for some months; it is 'the most powerful of the afternoon papers in the United States and rather a nice sheet to work for'. Dorothy [his wife] is managing to write a little, but their son is keeping her 'pretty busy' and their second child is due next month; they are, however, not to busy to enjoy Bob's Aeschylus, which he hopes 'has a good response from America'.

Draft letter from R. C. Trevelyan to [Jean Marchand]

On headed notepaper of the National Liberal Club, Victoria Street, S.W.1. - On returning to London, he talked to Ruth Fry, Roger's sister, who is the president of the 'Mission des Amis' [Friends War Victims Relief Committee]. She said that communication with Russia was very difficult at the moment, but that if Marchand wants to arrange to get his niece [actually Olga Lewitska, daughter of Sonia Lewitska -see 22/56] out of Ukraine, it would be best to write to [Maxim] Litvinoff at the Hotel Cosmopolite, Copenhagen, asking for his help and advice as the one responsible for admitting foreigners to Russia and getting them out. Ruth Fry doubted that Litvinoff would consent to helping with such a case, but it might perhaps still be worth trying, and strongly suspected that it would not be possible to get the girl out. Might be possible to send letters to Kiev through Litvinoff.

Trevelyan will write to [Francis] Birrell to go and see Marchand as soon as he arrives in Paris; Roger Fry will also give his advice when he arrives. If it is better to send a letter as soon as possible, advises him to write to Litvinoff and send that letter to Trevelyan, who will ask Ruth Fry to send it as she is in communication with Litvinoff; this may make him pay more attention to the matter. Necessary to decide before writing whether they want to try and get Marchand's niece out of the Ukraine, or simply to send letters. Wishes he could give more definitive advice, but will do his best to help if he sends a letter. Marchand knows how much Trevelyan is sorry for the pain Madame Marchand [Sonia Lewitska] is experiencing at the moment, and how much he would like to help if he could.

Copy of reports on R. C. Trevelyan's appearances before the Dorking Local Tribunal and the County Appeal Tribunal

Copy of report on Trevelyan's appearance at the Dorking Rural Tribunal from the "Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser", 6 July 1918. The tribunal sat on 4 July 1918 and was formed of F. D. Grissell (Chairman), H. C. Lee Steere, E. T. Arthur, H. E. Ponting, C. Knight and A. J. Canter; also present were A. Percival Keep, the National Service Representative, and W. J. Down, the Clerk. Trevelyan said he 'had a very strong moral objection to taking part, either directly or indirectly in war of any kind, or of doing work that would release others to take part in war'...'; also objected to his medical grading. Further points about his appeal for conscientious objection. Had ascertained that he could join the 'Friends' Reconstruction Committee in France'. In reply to Mr Keep, he said that he would object to ambulance work as he would 'object altogether to being under military orders', explained further his objections to fighting and taking life, and maintained that his was a not a political objection to war. The Tribunal granted conditional exemption on 'Mr Trevelyan undertaking work to be found by the Committee on work of national importance within 21 days'.

Report of the County Appeal Tribunal held at Guildford on 12 July 1918, from unknown source. The Natural Service Representative appealed against Trevelyan's conditional exemption. In reply to Captain Courthope, Trevelyan said that 'his conscientious objection was not based on religious or political grounds, but on a strong moral objection to taking part... in war of any kind, and not merely this war'; he rejected Courthope's suggestion of mine-sweeping or Red Cross work, maintaining that 'both were directed to carrying on the war more efficiently'. Lord Middleton said the Tribunal were satisfied that Trevelyan had a 'convinced conscientious objection to everything that was desired or directed to assist the prosecution of the war' and that he must be exempt from military service on condition that he performed work of national importance; the case was therefore adjourned for fourteen days for a report from the Pelham Committee.

Letter from S. Roodhouse Gloyne to [T. Alwyn] Lloyd

City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest, Victoria Park, E.2. - Examined Robert Trevelyan this morning as requested; found that he is liable to occasional attacks of lumbago due to a back injury 'some years ago'; lumbago is 'very liable to recur' and Gloyne does not therefore think Trevelyan would be able to do heavy lifting or work 'involving a great deal of stooping'. He has 'defective sight', but this is 'satisfactorily corrected with glasses'. Gives his opinion that Trevelyan would be 'quite strong enough' for work with the Friends War Victims Committee in France as long as it did not involve heavy manual work.

Letter from R[alph] Neville, Secretary of the Surrey & Croydon Appeal Tribunal, to R. C. Trevelyan

5 Paper Buildings, Temple, E.C.4. - The appeal of N.S.R. [the National Service Representative] against Trevelyan from the Dorking Local Tribunal was heard at Guildford on 27 July 1918. It was decided by the Appeal Tribunal that Trevelyan should have exemption from military service conditional on him remaining employed with the Relief Committee of the Society of Friends.