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Henry Sidgwick: letters to Nora Sidgwick about Sidgwick's illness and death; letters to Sidgwick from his mother Mary; other letters and printed material

1-93: letters to Nora Sidgwick about Henry Sidgwick's illness and death
94-133: miscellaneous correspondence and printed papers of Henry Sidgwick, many relating to the debate about compulsory Greek at Cambridge.
134-190: letters to Henry Sidgwick from his mother Mary
191-194: letters from Henry Sidgwick to Spencer Baynes regarding his article on ethics for the Encyclopædia Britannica

Sidgwick, Henry (1838–1900), philosopher

Letter from J. D. Duff to Henry Sidgwick

Asks for his name to be added [as one who supports the setting up of a Syndicate to inquire into the issue of allowing of alternatives for one of the classical languages in the Previous Examination] to Sidgwick's list.

Duff, James Duff (1860–1940), classicist

Richard Jones to William Whewell

RJ wants to send WW some of his proofs - 'I expect to get 40 or 50 pages set up this week' [printing his lectures - see RJ to WW, 8 April 1845]. WW 'will see that although carefully avoiding controversy yet I am dwelling on elementary principles[.] I might state much more shortly if i had no secret reference to popular errors'. RJ is 'printing now however not for the world but fr a text book for the students only a kind of clean M.S.S. therefore and shall be able to take advantage when I do publish of any hints you may give me'. RJ is 'anxious about this same book of mine - yet I have a clear conviction that it will contain much truth fairly and legitimately got at and worked out and feel some confidence that it will make the next generation wiser if it does not this - I shall publish as soon as the production and distribution of wealth are compleated - as the distribution will include population and a digression on the incidence of taxes laid on articles consumed by the laborer which digression will be a deduction from the population part, why production and distribution will include 3 fourths of the whole work'. RJ will send WW 3 proof sheets next week.

William Whewell to Richard Jones

Trinity College - RJ has not sent WW any of his '[cravets?] and speculations' on induction. WW has been 'working out the part about foreign trade which makes very nice equations and I think I see a little more light'. He will be 'hugely wroth' if Lockhart [John G. Lockhart] does not put his review of RJ in the same edition of the Quarterly Journal as his one on Herschel ['Modern Science: Inductive Philosophy', Quarterly Review 45, 1831].

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

Reports that he has been very busy. Remarks on 'Edward's boy [a student from Edward Benson's school, Wellington College?]' having been elected for a minor scholarship at Trinity College, and that he had written to Bradley to tell him of the faults of a boy of his who had been elected minor scholar. Observes that Bradley and Temple 'continue banging affectionately at each other in the Times.' Looks forward to vacation, but is sure that hard work is good for him on the whole. Reports that the weather is splendid. Wonders whether their 'usual concourse of May visitors will go on increasing' as it has in the previous few years. Predicts that the typical Cambridge man 'will be an antiquarian personage who knows about the history of the colleges and is devoted to "Culture des ruines"as the French pamphleteer said.' Refers to his friend Mozley having produced his article on Modern Poets in the Quarterly Review, and fears that it is dull. Believes that he ranks Clough high, and is glad 'as it will astonish the old-fashioned readers of the Quarterly. They will regard the editor as a literary Disraeli marching with his age'. States that he enquired about Christ's Hospital for 'young [Fred] Horton', but found that he was much too old.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to F.W.H. Myers

States that what Myers has told him 'is certainly a relief', and claims that he shall now find it easier to tell those who have to be told, 'without saying anything about his insanity.' Refers to a séance, at which he, Nora, [Henry] Slade and Lankester were present, and which is the subject of some controversy. Thinks that Myers had better go, 'when Miss B[ibby]'s sittings are over, if nothing else turns up.' States that if Myers comes across anything good, he [Henry] will instantly come to town and go with him. Undertakes to send back Miss B[ibby]'s note the following day. Sends his regards to Myers' mother.

Letter from J. W. Cross to Henry Sidgwick

Acknowledges receipt of 'Vol II [of George Eliot's Life as related in her Letters and Journals]' and Sidgwick's 'kind note', which he received the previous night. Praises Sidgwick's comments on the letters, and refers to their usefulness to him in their editing and arrangement. Informs him that it will be 'some days' before he sends volume III.

Cross, John Walter (1840-1924) banker

Letter from Lord Salisbury to Nora Sidgwick

Thanks her for the report of Eusapia Paladino's performances. Declares that it is 'deeply interesting', and claims that he 'cannot conceive where a flaw in the evidence is to be discerned.' Asks if 'E.P.' would rebel at the proposal of putting handcuffs on her wrists and ankles'.

Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne- (1830–1903), 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister

Letter from E[mily] Macleod to Nora Sidgwick

Since her signature 'cannot reach England in time to be sent in with the others', hopes she may send a few lines separately to say how, like everyone else who knew Henry, she feels 'what a real loss to all his death has been.' Can never forget that it was owing to his generosity that she originally came to Newnham College, and wishes that during the time she was there she could have been more capable of appreciating him. His influence on her will never be forgotten. Hopes to be back in England the following March, and suggests that she might have a chance of seeing Nora.

MacLeod, Emily (1862-1948) wife of Roderick Henry Macleod

Letter from J.P. Mahaffy to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to events in Megara 'about the time of Theognis and implied in his allusions', and to Welcker's and Bernhard's interpretation. Warns Sidgwick however, that Grote 'will not have it'. States that 'the [rows] in Megara were consequent upon the new departure.' Refers to 'the interesting case of [Timoleon]' Declares that 'Aristotle must be a liar' if [ ] is taken in a wide sense. Refers to 'the case of K[ ] [Grote IV. 54 599]. Tells Sidgwick to look at the case of the Gilonian citizens 'and the row they created at Syracuse [Grote V.317]'. Thinks that Aristotle w[oul]d almost certainly have created such a case as an [ ]. Refers again to 'the interesting case of [Timoleon]' Declares that 'Aristotle must be a liar' if [ ] is taken in a wide sense. Declares that Dionysius of Syracuse 'redistributed all the Syracusan lands', and that the reference to Diodorus XIV, 78 is important.

Mahaffy, Sir John Pentland (1839-1919) Knight, Provost of Trinity College Dublin

Printed fly-sheet containing a letter regarding compulsory Ancient Greek at Cambridge University

The letter is 'addressed to the leading London newspapers' on behalf of various members of Cambridge University. Those to whom the fly-sheet is sent are requested to send their names at once to Henry Sidgwick if they concur the arguments set down in the letter. Explains that the Council of the Senate of Cambridge University, 'acting on the recommendation of the General Board of Studies, have proposed the appointment of a Syndicate to consider the expediency of allowing more widely than at present an alternative for either Greek or Latin in the Previous Examination' and that a number of residents 'have appealed to non-resident Members of the Senate to aid them in resisting all enquiry into this question.'

Sets out 'one or two reasons against this very unusual step'. Refers to the report of a Syndicate of eleven years previously, whose members included Dr Kennedy, the Professor of Greek, and which proposed the removal of the obligation on candidates for honours of studying both Latin and Greek on the grounds that the obligation of students to study both languages tends to exclude from the University a number of able students, educated in schools in which Greek is not taught.

States that since that time, with the development and extension of 'the "modern" system', about half the boys educated in the schools represented at the previous Headmaster's Conference 'are now taught only one classical language. Argues that with the obligation still in place, the University is prevented 'from receiving a number of boys thoroughly capable of profiting by academic study and training', while the time spent by other boys on both classical languages could better be spent on other subjects.

Asserts that the removal of the obligation, would not, as those who are attempting to block this move claim, result in an end to the study of Greek in all but the leading schools. Acknowledges the charms of Greek literature, 'its historic prestige, and its established position in the education of Europe', and claims that the teachers at Cambridge who desire this change 'certainly do not aim at the extinction' of the language. Refutes the argument that ignorance of Greek would injure all professions.

Adds that it is not proposed that the above considerations be taken as grounds for an immediate decision in favour of the proposed change, but merely as food for thought. Appeals to 'all open-minded Members of the Senate to defeating this attempt [to stop the proposed change].' Announces that voting will take place in the Senate-House on the following Thursday, 29 October at 2pm. The names of those on behalf of whom the letter is written are added at the end, added to which, in ink, appears the name of C.A.M. Fennell of Jesus College.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

Thanks her for her letter. Announces that he has just resigned from his assistant tutorship and has informed the authorities that he intends to resign his fellowship very soon. Remarks that it is not impossible that they may appoint him lecturer in spite of his actions, but he does not expect them to do so. Advises her that the matter is a secret. Reports that the Master 'expressed himself very kindly about [Henry] in communicating [his] resignation to the College.' Remarks that everyone is very kind, and believes that if he is not reappointed 'it will not be from want of goodwill, but from a conviction that the interests of the College do not allow it.'. Claims to be happy, and believes that he has done the right thing.

Asks her to tell Arthur that he thinks they had on the whole, successful meetings at the Free Christian Union. States that Paul's sermon was very good, and is misrepresented in the Pall Mall Gazette. Reports that he has been staying with Mrs Clough, whom he likes 'very much' and that 'the new book' [The Poems and Prose Remains of Arthur Hugh Clough] is due out in about two weeks. Announces that he will come down to his mother about the end of the month or the following month. States that if she has Miss [Alice?] Horton staying with her, or if there is any other particular reason, he does not mind coming, however his hay fever is.

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