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Memorandum book

Notes on tidal observations and research on tides, other notes, including several pages of observations headed Run No. 2 [through 8], with a few pencil sketches, including a sketch completed in pen-and-ink of Blarney Castle, dated 28 July 1835.

Bond between (A) John Freshwater of Heybridge, Essex, gentleman, and (B) Edward Stillingfleet, Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, and the Chapter of the same, for the performance of covenants, etc., in indentures of the same date

(The seal is wanting.)

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Transcript

Nouerint vniuersi per presentes me Iohannem Freshwater de Heybridge in Comitatu Essex’ generosum teneri et firmiter obligari venerabili viro Edvardo Stillingfleet sacrae Theologiae Professori Decano Ecclesiae Cathedralis sancti Pauli London’ et eiusdem Ecclesiae Capitulo in Ducentis libris bone et legalis monete Angliae solvendis eisdem Decano et Capitulo aut eorum certo Attornato Successoribus vel assignatis suis, Ad quam quidem solucionem bene et fideliter faciendam obligo me heredes executores et administratores meos firmiter per presentes Sigillo meo sigillatas Dat’ Vicesimo die Februarij Anno regni Domini nostri Iacobi secundi dei gratia Angliae etc’ primo Annoque Domini 1684

Sigillat’ et deliberat’ in presencia | Js: Harrison | Cha: Jaques | John Freshwater

[Endorsed:] The condicion of this obligacion is such that if the within bounden Iohn Freshwater his executours administratours and assignes doe and shall from time to time and at all times hereafter for his and their parts well and truly pay obserue performe fulfill and keepe all and every the rents payments covenants condicions and agreements mencioned and conteyned in one paire of Indentures bearing date the day and yeare within written made between the within named Deane and Chapter of the one part and the said Iohn Freshwater of the other part, in all things according to the purport and true meaning of the said Indentures, then this obligacion to be voyd or els to remain and be in full force and vertue./

[Seal wanting.]

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The abbreviations have been expanded.

Letters to William Whewell and Christopher Wordsworth

Includes letters by J. O. Halliwell, J. M. Heath about the August 1846 storm in Cambridge, H. Montagu Butler about a bust of Archdeacon Hare, Vernon Musgrave about a memorial to Archbishop Musgrave, with a draft from William Whewell to Vernon Musgrave.

Wright, William Aldis (1831-1914), literary and biblical scholar

William Whewell letters and printed material received

A collection of some of the printed material and letters received by Whewell between 1819 to 1833, of which the materials relating to the Cambridge elections of 1829 and 1830 form a part.

Whewell, William (1794-1866), college head and writer on the history and philosophy of science

Letter from E. D. Clarke to William Clark

Transcript

My dear Sir

I forgot to add to the List the following caution which you can insert—

“Never attempt to move antiquities, &c, by means of a firmaun from Constantinople. The only effectual mode of proceeding is by bribing the local Governors, called Aghas, Waiwodes, &c.”

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You are very kind to offer to execute commissions for me. I shall be much obliged to you to enquire if Lusieri, at Athens, received the Thermometer, &c, which I sent to him by Lord Byron’s Servant.

Also to ascertain, by your own testimony, the truth or falsehood of this assertion which I have constantly made; viz. that the Boccaz of Samos, and the Island of Patmos, may be seen in very clear weather from the top of Mount Hymettus.

If you should want a common Greek Servant and Interpreter, you would find Antonio Manurâchi who lives at Constantinople to be quite a treasure. He understands collecting Medals, Plants, Marbles—is a very good Cook, Musician, &c, &c.—

I think you should also insert in your List one more Memorandum—namely

“To attend to the remains of the painted gothic style of Arch in the Levant, and ascertain the age of any such building”.

I have sent a short note for Lord Byron.

Most truly yours
E. D. Clarke.

Trumpington
July 11th 1813.

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No direction or marks of posting.

Letter from Lord Byron to William Clark

(The direction, which is not included in the text printed by Marchand, is ‘To Dr. W. Clarke | Trin. Coll. | Cambridge’, with ‘1813 | London Novr. twenty seventh’ above, and ‘Byron’ in the bottom left corner. There are no marks of posting.)

Letter from William Busfield to J. W. Clark

Transcript

South Cave Yorkshire
March 25th, 1872

Dear Sir,

My cousin, Mr J. A. Busfeild who now tenants Upwood, has discovered a short autograph letter of Lord Byron, and has sent me a Copy which I forward to you. From its brevity I fear it will hardly answer your expectation[,] but at least you may like to know what was its natur[e] and purport

Believe me
Yours very faithfu[lly]
W Busfeild

[Docketed, by Clark:] March 25. W. Busfeild | Byron’s letter.

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The back leaf of the sheet has been torn away, and the ends of a couple of lines are missing.

Letters of William Whewell to Hugh James Rose

A bound volume of 42 letters which have been catalogued separately in item records attached to this catalogue record. A letter from H. A. Rose to Mr Jackson dated 28 May 1917 is tipped in the front of the volume, accompanied by a printed flysheet headed "Utopia University, 1816", a parody of an examination paper sent to Whewell in 1816, also tipped in. At the front of the volume is a lithograph of Whewell by E. U. Eddis, 1835.

Whewell, William (1794-1866), college head and writer on the history and philosophy of science

Letter from William Whewell

WW attaches an abstract of Heyne's [Christian Gottlob Heyne] work on Homer's Iliad: 'There is however a piece of injustice which has sometimes been committed and which I hope you will avoid - that of considering those who hold such a disbelief as critical atheists; as if they supposed that this glorious frame of the Iliad had been the work of chance - the result of a fortuitous concourse of letters - now such a specimen of literary Epicureanism is perfectly portentous, and never could with anybody's head even if he believed that the Greek alphabet had existed from eternity (which is contrary to the testimony of history) - the worst that you can say of them is that they are critical Polytheists. Instead of believing only in one Homer the creator of the Iliad & Odyssey they suppose a whole hierarchy of Homers, great and small'. WW gives the grounds for his scepticism. Everybody seems to have forgotten the Union [see WW to HJR, 25 March 1817]: 'we have however sent the petition to the Chancellor to be'. How does HJR's part of Lacroix's [Silvestre F. Lacroix] translation progress: 'I have finished the translation of the first part to art. 81. - Then you begin. I have to complete my introduction (which will not be many pages and wh. therefore must not be mentioned in the title) and in a week or two I shall be ready for the press'.

Letter from William Whewell

WW hopes to be working on etymological history, like HJR, in a week. His speculations on the subject 'have not advanced much farther than general notions of the points to be investigated and the method of philosophising upon them. I know nothing of Saxon though I have some intention of descending upon it from German'. HJR's successor on the Cambridge Union is Sheridan [Charles B. Sheridan]. WW is beginning 'to feel for poor Lacroix [Silvestre F. Lacroix] - if he be published at all it would be advisable that he should be out by next October; and for that he must be in the press immediately' [see WW to HJR, 15 April 1817]. The Fitzwilliam Museum is open and are in considerable danger of becoming all conoisseurs'. Has HJR seen Richard Jones in the pulpit? Charles Babbage 'has been here taking his degree and is just as mad about functions as he ever was '.

Letter from William Whewell

WW hopes to shortly 'hold high discourse with you on the many subjects we have to arrange - important to us and still more important to posterity'. He is currently supposed to be going to Margate with Tom Paynter - but he has not yet had word from him. If HJR knows where Paynter is let him know. Further to the Lacroix translation WW has 'not made any new agreement with Deighton' [see WW to HJR, 15 April 1817]. WW is 'glad to see the Bishop of Chester in your hands - you have, I think, shewn very satisfactorily the extreme unsolidity of his hypothesis'.

Letter from William Whewell

WW is pleased 'to hear again of an old and favourite scheme' [to set up a Journal], asks if there is an opening for him, if it is to have a political or religious bent, and if not if it would be successful, if it would not take up too much time, if the reviewers have enough information and experience in the world, and thinks the project should wait a while - if only to gather materials. 'George Peacock talks of a six months' review; upon this hint I suggested a secular review. Marchese Spinetto has been trying to collect a body of Cambridge reviewers. He proposed to Peacock that he and Miles Bland should take the mathematics, which did not at all quadrate with George's notions. I believe the thing has fallen through. I have thought frequently of something like a magazine or periodical collection of essays upon all subjects, scientific, literary, spectatorial, or any other. It would give more liberty than any form. If its circulation at Cambridge were a matter of much importance, I have no doubt that we might annex to it a sufficient quantity of Cambridge mathematics neatly done to make it sell here... The remainder of the publication which should be much the largest part might, I do not doubt, be so written as to do much good here and elsewhere'.

Letter from William Whewell

WW was disappointed at not seeing HJR in London. He was to have gone with Charles Babbage to Sir Joseph Banks on Sunday but was unwell. WW has been trying to improve his philology by studying Welsh: 'It is not a language wh. there is much temptation to learn'. WW does not believe that we owe much to our Celtic ancestors, and that the most valuable aspects of our manners and constitutions is derived from our gothic past. It has been a long time since WW has read Butler [Joseph Butler]: 'It is a book of negatives. Its object is not to prove, but to remove the presumptions against, natural & revealed religion...he claims the ground and then leaves revelation & other arguments to reset the building.' Did HJR see Jeremy Bentham? WW notes that his 'Church of Englandism' has come out again.

Letter from William Whewell

WW has not yet taken steps to send HJR the sermons he requested. WW has not been able to find the first memoir HJR wanted regarding his work on inscriptions. 'I hope you are going on well and bursting into birth' ['Inscriptiones Graecae Vetustissimae/ Collegit, et Observationes tum Aliorum tum suas Adjecit Hugo Jacobus Rose', 1825]. When is Richard Jones to be married?: 'I sent him down some of the volumes of the French Encyclopaedia lately to establish his political economy'. WW gives a copy of one of the inscriptions he has found.

Letter from William Whewell

WW has been meaning to write to HJR for some time 'for the purpose of remonstrating with you as to one or two things more hard than was necessary which you have said of my friends the experimental philosophers'. WW cannot imagine why HJR 'should charge mathematics with being useful and with strengthening the memory, when you may easily know that all of the science which we learn here is devoid of all practical use; and I can give you plenty of testimony that it may produce the effect of very thoroughly spoiling memories naturally good, besides giving you psychological reasons why it should do so if you wish for them. Nor do I think that you quite fairly represent the nature of progress in scientific knowledge when you talk of its consisting in the rejection of present belief in favour of novelty; at any rate if the novelty be true one does not see what else is to be done. But, to tell the truth, I am persuaded that there is not in the nature of science anything unfavourable to religious feelings, and if I were not so persuaded I should be much puzzled to account for our being invested, as we so amply are, with the faculties that lead us to the discovery of scientific truth. It would be strange if our Creator should be found urging us on in a career which tended to a forgetfulness of Him. I have undertaken to preach at St. Mary's next February, and may possibly take that opportunity of introducing some of my own views on this subject'. WW is not surprised HJR likes the Master of Trinity [Christopher Wordsworth] so much 'for he always strikes me as most admirable in respect of principles, affections and temper'. If French is made Lucasian Professor, WW will be very upset - 'It will be making the office contemptible, and will besides be a clear proof that there is no greater dispositiion here to select people for their fitness to offices than there has been in previous times; that we do not feel the responsibility of our situation. I wish Babbage had any chance. He would be an admirable person, and so would Airy who is also a candidate'.

Letter from William Whewell

WW had intended to call on HJR today but was too unwell. The sole reason for the meeting yesterday was over WW's petition: 'People will not agree with us in picking out some cases for exceptions from the dominion of facts and points for the declaration of right individual feeling'. The only measure WW felt had claim to be untainted by being a party measure was the election of William Cavendish [MP for the University of Cambridge, 1829-31]. It makes WW feel better 'in the worst of times to find that I am not likely to lose your regard and confidence but I have lost my trust in my own guidance as to action & should be well content to sit and speculate if times & people would allow us' [see WW to HJR, 23 March 1831].

Letter from William Whewell

WW sends HJR a document of some customary payments owed to him from Trinity College - 'its being the last of such literary essays which you will receive from me'. All WW's duties keeping accounts have been passed on to somebody else. WW is pleased 'to hear a good account of your university [HJR was Professor of Divinity at Durham University]... I wish most heartily among other novelties you would some of you discover or write a system of morals which might take the place of Paley & Locke. Sedgwick [Adam Sedgwick] tells me he has sent you his sermon; when you read it you will see that he has declared war against both Paley & Locke. This puts them in a different footing in Cambridge from that on which they have hitherto been; for though opinions to the same effect were in very general circulation in the place, they were never I think clothed with anything like an authoritative expression before. The task of writing a system of ethics is certainly not easy, for it must not only be erected on sound principles, but so framed as to bear an advantageous comparison in its logic and execution with the best of other systems, for instance, with Paley's book - which is no easy condition. I am afraid, from what your Brit. Mag. says of Wardlaw's Christian Ethics, he has not solved this problem'.

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