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Letter from F. W. Cornish to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to Sidgwick's 'transcendental letter', and to the fact that he had read 'Clough and your [Sidgwick's] article.' He also read Amours de Voyage, which he likes better than what else he had read of Clough. Discusses Clough's humour. Informs Sidgwick of his intended movements over the Christmas holidays.

Cornish, Francis Warre Warre (1839-1916) schoolmaster and author

Letter from F. W. Cornish to Henry Sidgwick

Expresses his thanks to Sidgwick and to Mrs Sidgwick for their hospitality in Cambridge. Refers to 'the Road business'. Expresses the hope that his presence did not much interfere with Sidgwick's work, and looks forward to the appearance of 'Book 1 and Book 2' Claims to have found Arthur [Sidgwick?] 'in good spirits and looking well'. Refers to Lux Mundi - a theological book, which Arthur had bought.

Cornish, Francis Warre Warre (1839-1916) schoolmaster and author

Letter from F. W. Cornish to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to Sidgwick's paper [on Christianity]. States that he [Cornish] had used some of Sidgwick's other notes in his book, which he hopes to be published soon under the title of Sunningwell. Mentions that he missed W. H. Ward's letter about [Comprehension], and discusses the subject. States that he finds himself in agreement with John M[ ] and the Manchester Guardian and Daily Chronicle about [ ]. Refers also to [ ] Salisbury and Lord Burleigh. Sends greetings to Mrs Sidgwick.

Cornish, Francis Warre Warre (1839-1916) schoolmaster and author

Letter from W. J. Courthope to Henry Sidgwick

Writes in reply to Sidgwick's own reply to his letter of 10 August. Fears that Sidgwick may not have fully appreciated the fact that he [Courthope] was genuinely grateful for the review of his work. Refers to some points raised by Sidgwick in his reply and refers back to the review in the Spectator. Concludes by expressing his surprise at the regard in which the Italian poet [Alessandro?] Tassoni is held by Sidgwick, who, according to Courthope, is one of the most negligent poets [he] know[s] in the construction of his story.'

Courthope, William John (1842-1917) poet

Letter from W. J. Courthope to Henry Sidgwick

Thanks Sidgwick for his letter with critique, which gave him 'great pleasure and satisfaction'. Expresses regret that Sidgwick will not be reviewing his work this time. Refers again to his criticisms of his work, and to the works of Aristophanes. Claims to be 'horrified to find to what opinions [he] stand[s] committed on the subject of marriage' and mentions that he himself got married recently.

Courthope, William John (1842-1917) poet

Letter from Leonard Courtney to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to Hare and claims that he is 'an entirely suitable person for a distinction of honour'. Mentions his presence in the public service. Concludes by writing 'I suppose we do not meet tonight in the P. E. Club.'

Courtney, Leonard Henry (1832–1918), 1st Baron Courtney of Penwith, journalist and politician

Letter from Jermyn Cowell to Henry Sidgwick

Thanks Sidgwick very much for offering to propose him as a member of the Dining Club, and asks clarification on some of the rules of membership. Encloses a letter from Tawney [not included]. He also received a letter from 'A. J. P.' [Patterson] Reports that he went with Payne to see Conklin, and has also seen Wilkinson, who gave him an introduction to [Home]. Asks Sidgwick how he is to return his two books to him. Refers to Sidgwick's 'prophecy about the Oriel fellowship' being fulfilled, and reports that his 'people' are due back the following week. In relation to the war he writes that he has heard that Francis Joseph Maximilian and Napoleon have agreed that Mexico is not to recognize the Confederate States; expresses regret at this news 'because it may prolong the war'. Declares that he is making 'a collection of tit-bits of atrocity for [his] future history' including Colonel Dahlgren's instructions, and also 'a choice morsel from New O.' Sends his love to Arthur.

Cowell, John Jermyn (1838-1867) alpinist

Letter from Jermyn Cowell to Henry Sidgwick

Acknowledges receipt of Sidgwick's letter the previous day, and expresses regret that he would not see him that day as he has 'some very important and interesting news to tell [him]'. Tells Sidgwick to inform him as soon as he is settled in Cambridge. States that he only had seven days at Clifton as he was summoned back the previous Monday because his father was ill. Asks Sidgwick to find a Spiritist book that he lent to him entitled Le Docteur Houat, and asks him to write on it 'Henry Sidgwick 1865', and to send it on to him. Refers to 'Southern Independence' and owns to be 'full of pity and admiration; and of horror and burning indignation against the most wicked and hypocritical tyrants' who destroyed 'thirteen sovereign republics and subjugate[d] 8 millions of civilized men.'

Letter from Edith Creak, headmistress of King Edward's High School for Girls, Birmingham, to Henry Sidgwick

Explains that she had had no opportunity of seeing him when she was in Cambridge the previous week. Refers to 'that gathering of women' [at the funeral of Anne Clough], and remarks on the influence that they were exercising throughout the country and around the world. Remarks on the 'great work' that Sidgwick and she [Miss Clough] had wrought. Refers with affection and gratitude to the lessons she learnt at Cambridge.

Letter from [Mandell Creighton] to Henry Sidgwick

Informs Sidgwick that the holidays have given him time to read the E[ncyclopedia Britannica?], which he had sent to him. Remarks that his analysis of 'Public Morality' 'clears up several matters'. Discusses the principles on which a historian ought to judge the actions of a statesman, claims that Acton 'does not face the difference...between the principles on which a statesman may act and those aforementioned historian's principles', and warns against the critic introducing his own presuppositions. Remarks that Sidgwick had not touched on the moral influence on the historian's generation of a public war, and uses Bismarck to illustrate his point. Agrees with Sidgwick about 'clerical veracity', and remarks that it is 'curious how the moral sense of the community has practically ruled out Rashdall's view.' States that he is enjoying 'this place' very much.

Creighton, Mandell (1843–1901) Bishop of London

Letter from Ellen Darwin to Henry Sidgwick

Hopes that Sidgwick will not be bored to receive a letter from Switzerland, 'as Frank's mother always was.' Tells him of the great pleasure that she derived from reading the novel he recommended to her, The Confounding of Camelia by Alan Douglas Sedgwick [1899]. Discusses the latter and its characters. Expresses her concern for Sidgwick's health; that his 'indigestion discomforts still continue.' Remarks that 'out here [in Switzerland]', she only gets 'the silliest novels to read' and is disappointed that she cannot read 'such silly ones as Miss Harrison'. Refers to John McCunn The Making of Character. Some Aspects of Ethics [1900], the author of which 'quotes too much poetry sometimes'. Announces that they are going to Venice 'when Frank comes here in about a fortnight'.

Darwin, Ellen Wordsworth (1856-1903) fellow of Newnham College and lecturer in English literature

Letter from F. Y. Edgeworth to Henry Sidgwick

Writes in relation to the subject of taxation, and to their slight difference of opinion in the matter. Refers to the principles of William Sidgwick, to common expenditure, the burden of taxation, direct taxation and taxation on commodities.

Edgeworth, Francis Ysidro (1845–1926) economist

Letter from M. A. Lewes (George Eliot), to Henry Sidgwick

States that she would be happy to see Mr Myers with him any Sunday. Claims that Sidgwick's judgment about what she does will always be a matter of interest to her. Maintains that she finds it difficult to undertake to represent 'the actions of those small but potent social conditions which have hitherto been most neglected by art.'

Cross, Marian (1819-1880) née Evans, author, pseudonym George Eliot

Letter from M. A. Lewes (George Eliot) to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to her writing and regrets the 'imperfection of [her] experience, and of [her] knowledge generally'. Asks Sidgwick of his own experiences in writing. Had planned to leave leave town on 4 [June], but a problem with the house prevents them. Reports that she has been 'so much of an invalid lately' and that she is looking forward to the peace of the country.' A compensation for staying in town an extra week, she says, would be the pleasure of seeing friends.

Cross, Marian (1819-1880) née Evans, author, pseudonym George Eliot

Letter from M. A. Lewes (George Eliot) to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to the letter she received from him as 'a precious light'. Claims that it assisted her with her plans for the institution of a scheme to benefit to poor students. Agrees the 'condition of the Laboratory' to be all-important, and that consideration of the Land in Society should be excluded. Asks Sidgwick for further advice, now that the 'right path' has been struck out. Reports that she is not yet seeing even intimate friends, but is prepared to meet those who can aid her with her project. Refers to the question of which university or college offers the best machinery for the purpose, and also what conditions should be fixed 'as checks on the idle abuse of the studentship'. Expresses the hope that Sidgwick, Professor Stuart, Dr Foster or Frank Balfour will give her some advice when they come to town, and gives details of her availability.

Cross, Marian (1819-1880) née Evans, author, pseudonym George Eliot

Letter from M. A. Lewes (George Eliot) to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to a discussion she had with Dr Andrew Clarke in relation to her concerns about the conditions of the Studentship. Concerned that it should become 'a mere hole and corner affair', known only to a narrow circle in a particular institution.' Refers to Dr Clarke's opposition to the suggestion that the nomination of the student be given to the Professor, his opinion with regard to the physiological students at Cambridge, and his insistence on the importance of a wider range of choices, so as to 'extend the chances of getting the fittest man'. Sends notes of his suggestions [not included]. Mentions Dr Clarke's concern that the successful candidate should not be a mere research assistant for the Professor, and should carry out an independent line of work.

Cross, Marian (1819-1880) née Evans, author, pseudonym George Eliot

Letter from C. A. Elliott to Henry Sidgwick

States that he would have written last Autumn to inform him that his eldest son was going up to Trinity, and to ask him and Mrs Sidgwick to show him what kindness they could. Admits that it is now 'rather late in the day', but hopes that they might seek him out, as he [Elliott senior] would greatly value the Sidgwicks' friendship and advice to his son. Gives an account of the boy's activities since leaving school, and his time at Trinity, and expresses concern about his future. Reports that Fred Myers 'has been good to him'. With regard to his time in India, he reports that since he last saw Sidgwick he has had the post of Public Works Minister. Discusses the Department and the work it carries out, including canal construction throughout India. Mentions Sidgwick's efforts to revise the University's constitution and states that '[t]here is an undercurrent of sedition which has to be checked'. Expresses the desire to 'talk it all out with' Sidgwick. Mentions having read the Psychical Journal.

Elliott, Sir Charles Alfred (1835-1911) Knight, Indian civil servant

Letter from James Martineau to E. Enfield

Sends Enfield for his 'critical judgment, an attempt which Gertrude has made to embody [his] idea of a Free [ ] [ ] Emblem' [not included]. Claims that Mr [John James?] Taylor approves of it. Suggests that Enfield consult Sidgwick or 'Mr Williams' about it. Declares that if it is not approved of, they can 'still fall back upon the monogram.' Refers to Mr Taylor's attitude to an aspect of the emblem.

Martineau, James (1805–1900) Unitarian minister

Letter from William Everett to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to a pamphlet written by him, which he sends to Sidgwick [128/2]. Claims that in it he has attempted to 'put before the world some ideas I got from [Sidgwick] forty years ago.' Expresses deep regret at the news of Sidgwick's breakdown. Hopes that he feels better and that he might 'let the foolish title go'. Suggests 'Knightbridge' as a 'sort of translation of Pontifex'. Refers to a letter Sidgwick is to receive [or has already received] from a Mr James Barnard, who, according to Everett, comes from a respectable family, is very much interested in the study of law, economics and [ ], but 'has perhaps not the most perfect control over all his mental operations.' The subject of the letter is a law and philosophical library, and Everett asks Sidgwick to assist him in any way he can. Discusses impending elections in America, the candidates in which are McKinley and Bryan, and maintains that the Republican party are now attempting to 'make war popular'. Refers to enclosure - a letter written by Everett to the New York Evening Post.

Everett, William (1839-1910) classicist

Letter from F. W. Farrar to Henry Sidgwick

Thanks Sidgwick for his criticisms of his essay, and explains some of the references therein. Gives directions as to how Sidgwick may receive further proofs, and reminds him that corrections at the final stage are very expensive. With reference to his [Farrar's] Greek Syntax, which is in its second edition, states his intention of sending a copy of it to Sidgwick the following term, if he has not yet come across it, and asks for his criticisms.

Farrar, Frederic William (1831–1903) Dean of Canterbury, novelist, and philologist

Letter from Ernest Foxwell to Henry Sidgwick

Expresses his delight at receiving a photograph of Sidgwick. Reports that the first edition of the translation of Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics will soon be available to the Japanese reading public, and that Professor Nakajima [the translator] 'expects that a 2nd ed.n will be called for before June.' Reports on recent political events in Japan, and discusses the problems facing that country, especially expenditure on the army and navy. Also refers to the 'comedy in China', involving the posting of Russian soldiers in the country.

Foxwell, Edward Ernest (1851-1922) economist

Letter from T. Fowler to Henry Sidgwick

Gratefully acknowledges receipt of Sidgwick's latest book [Practical Ethics]. Expresses his approval 'that practical ethics are beginning to occupy more of the attention of moralists than was once the case', but is disappointed by the attack on the liberal clergy 'on pp. 138-141 and in Ch 6'. Supposes that the occasion of such an attack was a statement made by 'Mr Harris' whose views on the Incarnation Fowler refers to. Refers also to the doctrine of the Virgin birth, and to the fact that the faith of several Church of England clergymen may have been shaken by facts which had recently emerged through the recent reading of the Bible in 'a most intelligent and unbiased manner'. Refers to the four evangelists' treatment of such themes as the Virgin birth the genealogies of St Joseph, and to the Adoptionist theory in relation to the former. Discusses the Creed, and the propriety or otherwise of its recitation by those who do not believe in, or who have 'no proof of, the existence of Cherubim and Seraphim.' Agrees with Sidgwick that one should not recite the Creed if one does not believe in the Virgin birth.

Questions his use of the phrase 'Clerical Veracity' as the title of one of the chapters of his book, and argues that a clergyman who recites the Creed while at the same time disbelieving in the Virgin birth, is no more open to the charge of hypocrisy than a layman in the same position, by virtue of the fact that through the latter's baptism and confirmation, he 'actually undertakes obligations similar to those which a clergyman undertakes at ordination.' Agrees with Rashdall with regard to his contention that the Creed 'is exactly on the same level as any other part of the service, neither more not less.' Admits to feeling 'very strongly on this matter of throwing aspersions on men or classes of men on account of their religious belief', and maintains that the wiser and more charitable course of action, in relation to a man's religious opinions, is 'to refrain from forming any judgment at all.' States that he had only become aware of Rashdall's reply to HS [which he has not read] that morning. Returns to the subject of the Creed and its purpose as an affirmation of faith.

Fowler, Thomas (1832-1904) President of Corpus Christi College Oxford

Letter from A. Campbell Fraser to Henry Sidgwick

Letter of introduction for W. R. Sorley, an M.A. of Edinburgh University, who, he reports, is 'highly Logic, Metaphysics and Ethics' and has come for a career in Cambridge. Speaks highly of Sorley, who has been his assistant recently. Expresses the hope that Sidgwick could give him some 'advice and direction'.

Fraser, Alexander Campbell (1819-1914) philosopher

Letter from A. Campbell Fraser to Henry Sidgwick

In relation to Locke's Essays, states that it is difficult to name a satisfactory edition. Suggests that the fourth edition - published in 1700 - might be taken as the standard. Mentions a four-volume edition of Locke's works, by Law, published in 1777. Sends his regards to Mrs Sidgwick.

Fraser, Alexander Campbell (1819-1914) philosopher

Letter from W. E. Gladstone to Henry Sidgwick

Claims to be 'absolutely powerless' in the matter of employment for [E.A. Wallis] Budge, and that he never uses his influence in this way', 'except in the case of a Private Secretaryship.' Mentions, and seems to dismiss, the position of Inspector of Schools. Also refers to the British Museum, where Budge 'is known to Dr Birch'. Claims that there are only two things he can and could do; 'to subscribe' or 'to tell at the Council Office, Museum, or wherever it may be, the story of his [ ] and struggling life.' Invites Sidgwick and Mrs Sidgwick to visit him the following Thursday at 10 am, if he comes to London. With envelope.

Gladstone, William Ewart (1809–1898), Prime Minister and author

Letter from Charles Gore, bishop of Birmingham, to Henry Sidgwick

Claims to know of no book 'which exactly deals with the question [of the end of the world].' Discusses the treatment of the end of the world in the Bible, reported references made by Jesus to it, and the various theological views extant on it. Refers to Charles' Eschatology and Sanday's article Jesus Christ in Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. Quotes verses from Mark and Matthew.

Gore, Charles (1853-1932) Bishop of Oxford

J. R. Green of Macmillan and Co. to Henry Sidgwick

Informs Sidgwick that Macmillan and Co. are planning to publish a series of school primers on 'the more prominent Greek authors; Jebb is to produce the primer on Sophocles, Gladstone is to undertake that on Homer, and a friend of Green's is to write on Herodotus. Asks Sidgwick to undertake to produce a primer on Plato. States the aim of the series to be the fostering of 'a more popular interest in these subjects...and a more intelligent study of them' in schools. Mentions that he has been reading Dowden's primer on Shakespeare, and remarks on how informative and interesting it is. Explains the terms of payment which the company offers.

Green, John Richard (1837-1883) historian

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