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Trevelyan, George Macaulay (1876–1962), historian, public educator, and conservationist
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Papers of J. D. Duff

  • DUFF
  • Fonds
  • 1888–1940

The majority of this archive consists of letters by Duff to members of his family, viz.: (A): to his wife Laura, 45 letters, 1897-1909; (B): to his son Alan, 356 letters, 1909-1933; (C): to his son Patrick, 96 letters, 1909-1934; (D): to his son James, 4 letters, 1909-1916; (E): to his daughter Hester, 8 letters, 1933-1934; (F): to his daughter Mary, 1 letter, 1911.

There are also 68 letters (G) from Laura Duff to her son Alan, 1915-1940, and three (H) to her husband J.D. Duff, relating to their son James's entrance examinations for Wellington College in 1910. J, K and L are letters written by their sons: 3 letters and a postcard from Alan Duff to his mother, 1909-1920 (J), a letter from James Duff to Alan Duff, 1911 (K), and a letter from Patrick Duff to J. F. Duff, relating to J. F. Duff winning a scholarship to Trinity in 1916 (L).

The final group of letters (M) are by various authors: one from J. D. Duff to Diana Frances Crawley, future wife of his son Alan, on the death of her father, 1933; letters to A. C. Duff from W. G. Collett (1911) and R. Moore (1913) at Wellington College; letter to J. D. Duff from G. M. Trevelyan, 1934 about Edward Fitzgerald's letters; letter to Laura Duff from the Postmaster at Cambridge, 1923, relating to a telegram from Cairo.

Miscellaneous material (N) comprises: copy of the marriage certificate of James Duff Duff and Laura Lenox-Coningham, 1895; page torn from a notebook with short phrase in Ancient Greek; memoir, "Lemnos" of an army camp, probably by A. C. Duff, with envelope addressed to J. D. Duff.

Finally there are twenty eight of J. D. Duff's pocket diaries (usually by Lett's) dating from 1888-1912, 1915-1918, 1922-1926, and 1931-1934; the earliest are kept as appointment books, with brief notes of college and social occasions, but Duff's entries later expand to be fuller records of his days, typically recording weather, reading material, pastimes and family news. A notebook with A. C. Duff's name and address at the front contains 'Extracts from F[ather's] Diary'.

Duff, James Duff (1860–1940), classicist

Letter from Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven to R. C. Trevelyan

10 Prinsegracht, The Hague; addressed to Bob at Pension Palumbo, Ravello, preso d'Amalfi, Italia. - Seems Bob may be staying longer in Milan; is sorry for the Frys as Roger Fry is suffering from a bald cold. Has received a parcel from Bob's mother with photographs of his parents and brothers and is very glad to have them. Is glad Bob is enjoying himself at Milan and seeing many beautiful things; curious he has never been before; she remembers the "Cenacolo" [Leonardo's "Last Supper"] 'above all others', and many beautiful things at the Brera, though she and Bramine [Hubrecht] were there during a thunderstorm when it was very dark; looks forward to going again. Bob must not be 'too anxious' about her: she has got over her initial misery at their parting and now he is 'haunting [her] only pleasantly', as he says; she could not be made miserable by thoughts of him as she loves him too much; also trusts him completely.

Returns to the letter in the evening; has been out in the rain to see the dentist and 'arrange a torture hour with him', though less needs to be done than she feared; tonight is Ambro [Ambrosius Hubrecht]'s third lecture, and Paul [his son] has come to see the whale [see 8/14] and will probably go to the lecture on her ticket. Her aunt [Maria Pruys van der Hoeven] has had a letter from Bramine, with an 'enthusiastic account' of how they [the Grandmonts?] are looking after the eye patients [at Taormina] and how helpful Dr [Empedocle?] Gaglio is now. Returns the next day to scold Bob for saying that 'modern art scarcely seems to exist' in Italy; says this is too sweeping a statement and fears 'Fry's dogmas' have been influencing him after all; hopes he will always 'be as inclusive as possible'. Went to Ambro's lecture after all; Paul stayed at home and worked, and this morning has gone to keep an eye on the work of cutting off the fat and baring the skeleton of the whale; he sends many greetings to Bob. The Frys' name for her sounds 'very splendid indeed' and is certainly better than 'Amoretta' which reminds her of 'amourette', a pet hate of hers; she would still like him to call her Bessie or Bess. Very good of him to send her a ring; she will always wear it on the fourth finger of her left hand; a shame he will not be able to put it on her finger and he will have to wear it somehow first.

Letter from Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven to R. C. Trevelyan

10 Prinse[gracht], the Hague; addressed to Bob at The Mill House, Westcott, Dorking, Surrey. - Hopes Bob enjoys his week in Cornwall; asks if Crompton [Llewelyn] Davies is going too. Is very sorry to hear about Mrs [Helen] Fry's illness; even a slight attack of pleurisy is serious, and it shows how weak she is, at least about the lungs; the amount she smokes cannot be good for her. Thinks the measurements of the box for music [see 9/42] are quite right; asks if the partitions could be taken out to give more room. Will write to thank George and Charles [Trevelyan]. Went to Ambro [Hubrecht]'s lecture about the evolution of the eye last night, 'interesting but hard to follow'. Will talk to her uncle this evening about the wedding since the answer from [Thomas?] Barclay, the Paris lawyer, has come at last; it seems the consul must be present; has had 'another wretched discussion' with her uncle about whether the consul should be invited to the wedding breakfast, which she does not want; her aunt has now talked her uncle round in secret. Has been reading an article in the "Revue de Paris" on 'Flaubert et l'Afrique'.

Letter from Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven to R. C. Trevelyan

10 Prinsegracht, Hague; addressed to Bob at 3 Hare Court, Inner Temple, London. - Returns the samples of cloth, with comments on which she prefers for Bob's travelling suit; for his [wedding] trousers thinks he should find a light blueish grey cloth and encloses a sample of the colour she recommends; tells him not to get the coat of his travelling suit made too short as her aunt thinks he looks as if he is growing out of his old one. Has looked up the address at the British consul at Rotterdam, Henry Thuring [sic: Turing]; her uncle remains of the opinion that Bob should write to the consul and she agrees this is much more courteous; suggests he send the letter to Sir Henry Howard with a note informing him of their plans. Her uncle has been reading the marriage contract to her; it goes now to the notary 'for a last polish' and will soon be sent to Bob for his approval. Asks him to tell her when he does the shopping in London for the beds; discusses the things which his mother is kindly going to send some things from Welcombe. Will write to Charles and George [Trevelyan] to thank them for the music box. Goes for a lesson in Amsterdam [with Eldering] on Friday, and will stay the night with 'cousin [Gredel] Guye'; then goes to stay with an aunt at Hilversum till Sunday; will spend Sunday with her [half] sister [Theodora] who 'lives in the farm with her husband the socialist', and return to Amsterdam to [her sister] Mien, who has invited her to stay for the evening entertainment after Joachim's concert to meet him. When Joachim plays at the Hague next Friday, she will go with Alice Jones, who is staying a little longer than [her brother] Herbert. Cannot fit in a visit to Almelo [to see her friend Jeanne Salomonson Asser] and her other sister [Henriette] before May. Asks Bob to bring 'the gold spectacles' with him when he comes over. Tuttie [Hubrecht] is coming on May 17 or 18; her own birthday is on 21 May, asks if Bob could come before that. Encloses a newspaper cutting with a poem by Vondel's contemporary Hooft, translated by

Part letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven

Roundhurst, Haslemere, Surrey. - Apologises for not writing sooner: has taken him a while to gather his thoughts on English books for her to read. Has not read Browning's letters to his wife, but her father tells him they are quite amusing; if they are as good as the one she read out to him, they should certainly be worth reading. There is also Mackail's life of William Morris, which he intends to read as Mackail knew Morris well and is a 'competent writer'; saw an excerpt which looked fun, as it should as 'Morris was a magnificent joke himself as well as a splendid person'. Has not yet read Henry James's "The Awkward Age", which is said to surpass all his earlier ones in difficulty, but recommends "In The Cage", or "Daisy Miller". Next week T[homas Sturge] Moore's book, "The Vinedresser and Other Poems" comes out, but he is sending a copy to the Grandmonts; is not sure whether they will like it, as it has 'great faults, which people with classical tastes are almost sure to dislike', but believes many of the poems are 'nearly perfect in their own queer way'. Recommends his father's book, "The American Revolution Pt I" which is 'at least readable and amusing"; his brother George's "The Age of Wycliffe" has already gone into a second edition. The middle part of the letter can be found as 13/85.

Ends by telling Bessie to get the third volume of Yeats' edition of Blake, 'read all the poetry that is not mad' and "The Book [Marriage] of Heaven and Hell", and look at the pictures. Hopes Miss [Emma?] Dahlerup is well; expects she will be going to Capri or nearby soon. Asks to be remembered to the Grandmonts.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven

Hotel de la Poste, Bruxelles. - Bessie's letter is much the 'best and nicest and loveliest' - though not 'lovingest' - of their 'first real love-letters'. Glad that she is making progress with Plato; the introduction may help, though 'in some most important directions Jowitt [sic: Benjamin Jowett'] does not know much about it'. Went to a bad French play which was even worse than the opera [Massenet's "Cendrillon"]. Tonight is going to hear [Frederic] Lamond whom his mother took him to see when he was about twelve, his first classical concert, and he was 'entranced', particularly by the Liszt; he kept 'leaning forward with his face in his hands, like [his] brother George' and his mother was worried people would be shocked by his 'bad behaviour'. Lamond's programme is all Beethoven this evening. Spent the morning reading [Thomas Sturge] Moore's "Danaë" at the gallery, opposite 'the magnificent Metsys of the life of Anna'; detects a 'sort of affinity between Moore and the Flemmish [sic] people'; certainly neither of them are classical. Wants Bessie to read "Danaë", which is 'wonderful, though wayward and awkward in places'. Nearly went to a music-hall last night as they are meant to be excellent here; would have been better than the 'awful play'. Has not been 'enslaved' by a 'Belgian or Gallic sorceress'; will take Bessie to a music-hall one day to see the 'only living art', in England at least. Teases her about her ability to fold sheets. Will reach the Hague at about eleven, and change and wash before lunch. If her letter was 'foolish', it was only in the 'good sense' Plato talks of; quotes [William] Blake.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven

8, Grosvenor Crescent, S.W. - Thanks Bessie for the cheque; will pay the bill and send it to her. Mrs Prestwich is delighted she likes the things. Sure she will enjoy the violin lessons [with Bram Eldering], which will be an interest for her until she sees Robert again; a long separation, especially with the sad prospect of leaving her old home soon. Hopes the [Second Boer] war will soon end; the 'country is at present quite mad, & no reasonable opinions can get a fair hearing'. It will return to its senses, but not till after 'a great and terrible injustice has been perpetrated'. Many thinks as she does, and are very unhappy, but they are 'very helpless at present'. Hopes her aunt will soon be able to get out again. George sends his 'best love'.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Lord Wolseley and his daughter [Frances], 'one of the C. Booth girls [Imogen]', Henry James and 'the L Courteneys [sic: Leonard Courtney and his wife?] have been staying at Welcombe; the weather is glorious. Expects the next month will be trying for Bessie; hard to leave 'such a kind home'; everyone will try to make it up to her. The Trevelyans are 'not very demonstrative' but already feel that Bessie is one of them. Charles and George have spent some time at Welcombe, but left yesterday; Sir George goes to London on Tuesday; she herself is staying till the 26th as her sister Mrs Price and her boys are coming to see some of the Shakespearean plays. Charles and George both hope to come to the wedding. Robert will be in London before long to settle some 'law business'. Thinks Bessie will be able to get Robert 'gradually into more regular habits', and he will see that 'batchelor [sic] habits cannot be continued'. Wise to choose the long sofa; will tell Mrs Enticknap when the things are to be expected. Has had a 'nursing meeting' and bazaar opening this week. Sir George is writing to Bessie's uncle. Asks whether it will be hot in the Hague in June.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - The Trevelyans have been to stay for two days at a 'little inn' at Wooler, visiting Flodden Field and Ford Castle. Continues the letter next day, after having been interrupted by 'the school treat'. Today a 'party of High School mistresses from Newcastle' are spending the whole day at Wallington. Hopes that there will be fine weather when Elizabeth comes in early August, and that she will stay while Annie [Philips, Caroline's sister] is there; understands that she and Robert both want to settle down at home so they must not feel bound to pay a long visit. Sure the Cambo Exhibition, which is on 18 Aug, will amuse Elizabeth. Charlie will be at home for the first half of the month, so there will be a family party with friends too. Delighted the Enticknaps are being helpful in getting everything in order. The clavichord [by Dolmetsch, decorated by Helen Fry] will be very interested to have. Meggiy [sic] Price asked about the piano, so Elizabeth should write when she is ready for it. Supposes she is not finding much time for the violin at the moment; the drawing room at Wallington is good for music. Wonders whether the 'Cambridge table has arrived. G[eorge] was very angry with his old Mrs Larkins about it'. Apologises for a 'most disjointed letter' since the young ladies have arrived and she has taken them for a long walk since starting the letter. Marie [Hubrecht] has sent her a 'capital photo' of the wedding party. Cannot get their furniture from Thunnissn [?] due to the continuing strike at Rotterdam. Will pay Elizabeth for the carriage of the goods from Welcombe.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Wonders if they have gone to town; wants to hear how they 'found them [the Knutsfords] at Pinewood'. George leaves tomorrow. Charles 'seems pretty safe to be re-elected'. Supposes Elizabeth and Robert do not 'hear much about the fight', but though she and Sir George 'are doing nothing this time of course [they] are intensely interested in it all'. They have had some 'delightful walks on the moors' in the lovely weather; often wishes Elizabeth were there. Hopes she has good news of her aunt and Marie. Is sending some figs; some game will follow tomorrow. Will let them know when they have been able to make plans about coming south.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan and Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Christmas wishes from Sir George and herself; they hope Elizabeth and Robert are having a good time, and send 'kind and hearty greetings' to the 'family party'. Glad they crossed earlier in the week, as there was a 'terrible gale' on Thursday which did much damage to trees and buildings. The school children's party has been held; it was a German [?] tree this year and 'looked very pretty in the Hall'. They hope to see Charles tomorrow, and the Arthur Sidgwicks, 'with two of their young people' and a friend of George's are coming to stay a few days. They will go to London on 9 Jan before starting [for Sicily?]. All has been quiet; Sir George and George did some shooting yesterday and much enjoyed it. Hopes Elizabeth found her aunt better. Says in a postscript that she has paid a bill; Elizabeth must ask her for the eighteen shillings when they next see each other; does not think it was dear.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Glad to get Elizabeth and Robert's letters and to 'hear a better account' of Elizabeth's aunt. Hopes their visit will do her good. Trusts the Grandmonts will manage the long journey, and that he will be better for southern sun. The Arthur Sidgwicks are paying a visit; he is Henry Sidgwick's younger brother, a 'great friend' of Sir George's, and 'very clever and amusing'; she is 'very excellent & enthusiastic & badly dressed'; they have brought 'a nice young son & daughter with them'. George's friend [Frederick John?] Pollock is also staying, and [John Henry] Whitley, the new MP for Halifax, is coming on Monday. Will give the servants a dance after the guests leave next week, and spend a week in London before starting their travels. Thinks they will reach Naples at the end of January then decide which way to take to Sicily. Thanks Robert for his letter and 'the names of books &c'; New Year's wishes; expects the Hague is 'much excited about the Queen's marriage'.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Elizabeth's box and the key have arrived, and her things have been unpacked; is glad she is in a cool place and 'none the worse for the journey [to Seetoller]. Has no more time to write since George has been 'reading his first Chapter... for the last two hours'. Is glad Elizabeth saw Mrs Scharleib.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - She and Sir George are very pleased Elizabeth and Robert enjoyed themselves, and that Elizabeth 'so thoroughly appreciate[s] this country'; there is 'little to attract outwardly in the manufacturing districts' and it is 'only the interest in the people who live there' which makes life tolerable. Very quiet on Saturday, as George and [Maurice?] Amos went for a mountain walk, sleeping at Eldon and returning on Sunday evening, while Charles went to Hepple and returns today. The Philipses have come, but they have had a telegram from Sir W[alter] Phillimore saying that his wife was ill so they could not come; a blow since the Nobles had already failed them, and only Miss Riddell coming today to be company for the Philipses. They seem happy, however; hopes 'the girl will not find it very dull'. She seems nice, but Caroline wishes she would not do her hair 'so large'. Booa [Mary Prestwich] was glad of Elizabeth's letter, and asks her to say that the box will be sent today. George has recovered his bag with everything in it; there was nothing 'consumable on the spot' like Elizabeth's wine. Hopes the 'two quiet days' at the Park [home of Annie Philips] will rest Elizabeth before she starts again. Will be interesting for Elizabeth to visit Mr [Herbert?] Jones at Hawarden.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Sorry to hear Elizabeth is 'a little depressed' and Robert 'not happy about his work'; there are 'always ups and downs with people who write' and 'these mental worries are like illnesses'. Sure that Elizabeth will be able to help him; when things went wrong with his work before he 'would fall quite ill, and throw it all up and rush away'; as an artist herself she will sympathise with him. She must 'keep up [her] own interest in other things' and help him to forget his work when 'not engaged upon it'. The Gilbert Murrays are coming to Wallington tomorrow. They have had pleasant walks and drives recently; Charles has been reading Homer and 'modelling in clay' while George works in the morning; in the afternoon they go for long walks. The croquet hoops remind her of Elizabeth, but no-one plays now. Booa [Mary Prestwich] is pleased the melons were not spoiled, and will send another cream cheese soon.

Letter from Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson to R. C. Trevelyan

Kings Coll Camb. - No chance of visiting Trevelyan before leaving for the continent on 9 August. Asks if Trevelyan has a copy of [Richardson's] "Clarissa Harlowe" which he might borrow. Asks what he thinks of George's appointment [G.M. Trevelyan's appointment as Regius Professor?]; Dickinson is glad, though surprised George was willing to take it.

Letter from E. M. Forster to R. C. Trevelyan

Harnham, Monument Green, Weybridge. - Is returning Leonardo. Will not go to Munich for now, perhaps in the new year. Draws attended to his amended address: the old house name, Glendore, was 'a bit much'; the are settling in, and he hopes to join the new Literary Society if invited. Is going to see 'The Knight of the Burning Pestle' at Cambridge tomorrow: asks if he is right in remembering that Trevelyan doesn't like it. Wishes that Trevelyan would move into his new house quickly, as he wants it for some 'people' of his [a reference to "A Room With A View"?]; also would like him to provide one 'with something to do and something to die of' . Saw George [Trevelyan?] the other day. Sends regards to Trevelyan's wife; he and [Hugh Owen?] Meredith called on her cousin but he was not there. Will be at West Hackhurst for the new year.

Letter from E. M. Forster to R. C. Trevelyan

West Hackhurst, Abinger Hammer, Dorking. - Would be delighted for George [Trevelyan?] to use an extract from his aunt's [Marianne Thornton?] memoirs: 'she would have been delighted too'. Sends the chapter he thinks Trevelyan has in mind. George is also welcome to use 'the two large vellum volumes of letters'. Is going to Plymouth to help his mother with the 'tiresome business' [of selling off his great aunt Eliza Fowler's house and effects after her death]. Is sorry C.A. [Clifford Allen] is ill.

Letter from John Luce to R.C. Trevelyan

King's College Cambridge. - Thanks Trevelyan for letting him know about the "Abinger Chronicle", to which he will subscribe for at least six months. The [Apostles'] Society has met for the last time this term, probably for the duration of the war. [Matthew?] Hodgart has been called up: he read a very good paper on 'Truth' from the Marxist angle, at the meeting when Wallich and Hobsbawm were elected; G. M. Trevelyan was there, in fine form. Now only Luce, Champernowne and the two 'newly-born' are left: Andreas Mayor is training for the infantry; Wilfrid Noyce is the only active member of the society to object, and with a Quaker ambulance in Birmingham; Oliver Kisch is working for his final law exam in London and waiting for a commission in the Tanks. A postscript records that he has met [Hugh] Sykes Davies in a pub, who took him to a far corner to talk 'sedition'.

Letter from Desmond MacCarthy to R. C. Trevelyan

9 Cheyne Gardens, S.W. - Thanks Trevelyan: the MacCarthys would rather have £5 [as a wedding present] as they are only half furnished. George [Trevelyan?] has been to dinner. He should not renounce "The Speaker": the new editors have let it down but there will be two dramatic criticisms, one causerie and one review per month by MacCarthy, no more [Arthur Clutton-] Brock. Sketch resembling William Blake's "I want! I want!" after the signature.

Letter from Desmond MacCarthy to R. C. Trevelyan

2 Garrick's Villa, Hampton, Middlesex. - Is glad that Bessie will be at the Shiffolds when he visits; asks if he can stay till Tuesday or Wednesday; they will certainly play chess. Is bringing something to read aloud to Bessie which he hopes will make her laugh. Expects he will miss 'the silent Miss Simpkins'. Asks if the Wedgwoods [Ralph and Iris] are at home. Dining with George [Trevelyan] last night, who was 'brisk' like Henry Sidgwick as remembered by MacCarthy and Trevelyan, and was not wearing any teeth. They discussed autobiographies and historians; George confessed he had never read Gibbon's "[Decline and Fall of the] Roman Empire"; MacCarthy did not tell him that one of his favourite autobiographies was 'that of Robert Calverly Trevelyan' [sic] as he is not sure if it is finished; his own is 'rather good, but rather scrappy'.

Letter from Umberto Morra di Lavriano to R. C. Trevelyan

I Tatti, Settignano, Florence. - It is very kind of Trevelyan to say he will send Morra Virginia [Woolf's] new book ["The Years"]; he has promised to review it by the middle of May. Met Trevelyan's brother George here recently and was amused by the resemblances and differences between them. George's wife [Janet] seemed 'very pleasant', and B.B. is revising his first thoughts about her. Alberti is here. Mary's health is up and down but she does not 'look at all badly'. Will return home when B.B. and Nicky [Mariano] start for the Aegean.

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