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Letter from J. P. Postgate to J. G. Frazer

54 Bateman Street, Cambridge - Thanks him for the book 'Pausanias and Other Greek Sketches'; asks if he would stand sponsor to his youngest boy [Percival Esmond]; [A. S. F.] Gow is to be the other sponsor; returns a 'Phaedrus' he thinks Edward Bensly returned to him by mistake.

William Whewell to Richard Jones

Trinity College - WW is still very clear in his opinion that RJ 'must omit all mention of the hartlitarian doctrines in p.xviii. It is not done that generally speaking the judgement of common men on this subject was clenched by this step, and you must not touch the subject a second time because you must appear to have approached it once only from the absolute majority' ['An Essay on the Distribution of Wealth, and on the Sources of Taxation: Part 1. - Rent', 1831]. WW does not think his 'notion of the gradation of general principles is difficult to develop if it were worth while' and shows RJ how to do it. He then contrasts this process [the work of the inductive philosopher] with the modern economists, who 'on the other hand - jump - to last - from one or two trivial facts to the conclusion that every man will get as much money as he can - an axiom generalisation - and having got hold of this they reason downwards to the doctrine of rent and forty things besides'. The vicinity of Cambridge is presently 'in the hot stage of this fever in the social state which you I hope have got through - we have had two fires - one large one so near as to illuminate our great court'. The Trinity 'youths have armed themselves with sticks and anticipate a row with much glee'.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

Reports that his nerves have got a little depressed 'not by hard work, but by too continuous a strain'; thinks hard work is healthy 'if one can enjoy leisure', but that 'What is trying is a Care perpetually haunting one, of whatever sort it may be'. Announces that his work will end about 6 June, and hopes that she may be able to come to visit him around that time, 'or else when the interesting events (boat processions, flower shows etc...) take place'. Reports that Cambridge is 'charming' at that time, and hopes that it may continue so. Claims that his rooms 'are those of an anchorite.'

Asks her view on 'the great "Spiritual" case'. States that he is writing for the summing up. Feels that he has been very neglectful of her. Reports that he has not been very well, and fears breaking down before the end of the term. Tells her that the week of the May examinations, from Saturday 6 to Saturday 13 June would be the best for a visit from her. States however that he will be very busy, that 'Cambridge will be frightfully full and it will be difficult to find lodgings.' Confirms that there will be balls on that week, and suggests that she might bring Annie [his cousin]. Reports that Lord Russell is there, and comments that 'he looks a very inferior sort of great man.'

Letters from Thomas Carlyle to Rev. Edleston and replies to an invitation to a dinner at Trinity in honour of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the Vice-Chancellor

There are 10 letters from Thomas Carlyle, and mixed in with the dinner invitation replies, three other letters to Joseph Edleston: from William Edleston, A. A. Vansittart, and "Carolus Priamus". The dinner invitation replies are all for the dinner held in honour of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the new Vice-Chancellor of the University on 6 July 1847, and are mostly addressed to the Master and Fellows of Trinity College.

Edleston, Joseph (c 1816-1895) Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge

Letter from Sir Godfrey Lushington to Henry Sidgwick

Sends Sidgwick 'a little book' [not included], at the end of which is to be found 'the text of the present Map.' Also sends 'a rough [Mass]', which he prepared the previous year, with a view to ascertain if he could '[ ] how far the modern map shows traces of the view formerly held about the Eucharist.' States that his only materials were 'the Map itself and Palmer's O[riginal] Liturgica'. Tells Sidgwick not to trouble to read more of the [Mass] than he feels inclined to, or to write to him about it, but tells him that he can send it back with the book, at his convenience.

Lushington, Sir Godfrey (1832-1907) Knight, civil servant

William Whewell to Richard Jones

WW gives his criticisms of RJ's manuscript sheets ['An Essay on the Distribution of Wealth, and on the Sources of Taxation: Part 1. - Rent', 1831]: 'one or two parts are possibly of too sustained a tone'.

Letter from Edward Young to Nora Sidgwick

Writes to express his sympathy with her on the death of Henry Sidgwick. Recalls a previous visit paid by the Sidgwicks to him [and his wife], which he describes as 'a sweet and precious memory now.' Declares that on that occasion Henry 'was so tender, so entirely his old lofty yet simple and child-like self.' Declares that it is difficult for him to realise 'the loss of a friendship extending, with never so much as a cloud, over 40 years....' States that he has been reading over old letters from Henry to him. Expresses how much he loved him, and claims that although their paths in life 'parted widely...the old Trinity affection was deep and strong....'

Young, Edward Mallet (1839-1900) Head Master of Sherborne School

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

Explains that his silence is due to his having 'a great number of letters to write of a semi-political character.' Is glad to hear her favourable account of his uncle [John Crofts?]. Asks her to send his greetings to everyone. Discusses Miss [Matilda?] Tootal's questions; states that the association [the board formed by Oxford and Cambridge fellows for the examination of governesses and schoolmistresses] is only voluntary and therefore may be dissolved at any moment with more ease than if it was a chartered body. Claims however that when its work is done the distinction will not be very important, and that if the scheme fails to obtain the support of those for whom it is intended, they [Sidgwick and others] 'can dissolve without the slightest trouble and with the sense of having done [their] part towards the improvement of female education.' Explains the consequences of one's name appearing on the list of the association, i.e., that that person takes some responsibility for the arrangement of the scheme of examination and for the appointment of examiners. Refers to 'the "prestige" of a university diploma', what it represents, and what theirs will represent.

States that the scheme of the University of London 'is as yet undetermined', but that if it proves to be successful 'then there will be two schemes of examination for women, just as there are now Oxford middleclass examinations and Cambridge ditto.' Warns that if they do not get enough candidates the association will dissolve. Hopes that, by their example, they will encourage 'the Universities' to follow the same line, and that they may arouse the interest of a large number of the influential members of both Universities in the cause of the higher education of women. They intend to 'meet an existing need and to continue [their] operations as long as [they] get a sufficient number of candidates, unless superseded by corporate action on the part of either Cambridge or Oxford.' Hopes to come to visit his mother for Passion Week, and asks if he may invite Seeley to come.

Richard Jones to William Whewell

Lord Francis Jeffrey is expecting a copy of WW's paper ['On the Fundamental Antithesis of Philosophy', Trans. of the Cambridge Phil. Soc., 1844] - 'you had better send one'. Charles Babbage would also like one Edward Ryan says. 'Ld. J. has been reading my copy and scribbling on it but he has been so seriously ill with the influenza that I have not had any talk with him about it '. John S. Mill 'has been publishing a paper to prove that a priori reasoning is not only good in Pol. Eco. but the only reasoning applicable to it. God help him and those this belief leads to trust in him[,] his Papa and his school'. Charlotte Jones is still an invalid and RJ is worried that her symptoms are precisely those which preceded the fatal illness of her sister.

Letter from Jermyn Cowell to Henry Sidgwick

Describes his journey to Paris and the accommodation that he had found for the two of them in the city. Recounts his meeting with [Allan] 'Kardec' and his meetings with those to whom the latter introduced him, including two Russian noblemen who were engaged in 'spreading the doctrine [of spiritism] in Russia'. Describes drawings and engravings produced by spiritists, which were shown to him by Kardec. Describes the seance, presided over by Kardec, which he attended; the session commenced with a prayer, and the minutes of the previous meeting were read, followed by the reading by the respective mediums of various communications made by the different spirits (including St Augustine and a late member of the Society) who had been evoked at the previous meeting. A member of the society, Dr Ferru, then recounted his experience of his encounters with a spirit called Undine (who was evoked at the meeting and promised to return at the next). Then four or five mediums began to write down the several communications that they were receiving from various spirits. Reports that Kardec is to take him to a small meeting of spiritists that evening. Awaits the arrival of Sidgwick [on Tuesday morning] with impatience.

Cowell, John Jermyn (1838-1867) alpinist

Letter from J.S. Phillpotts to Nora Sidgwick

Has been reading Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir 'with great interest'; remarks that one misses in 'the "litera scripta" the peculiar charm of [Henry's] "vox viva"'. Speaks of Henry's charm, humour, openness and warmth. Reports that they have their 'Cambridge daughter [Bertha] home now', and that she has been made Librarian at Girton. Adds that 'Iceland [with] Scandinavian folk-lore is her hobby and to work at this she wants to be near a University Library.'

Phillpotts, James Surtees (1839-1930) headmaster and author

Letter from James Ward to Nora Sidgwick

Thanks Nora for her note. Henry's rooms in Trinity College are to be cleared the following morning: he will go down there to see what papers there are. Assures her that everything can be safely left in his own rooms until she has time to give directions about them. Hopes that her fortnight's rest will do her good. Believes her to be 'one of those who realise that the very thing that makes a loss great makes it bearable.' Declares that the two men he has esteemed the most in the world were closely related to her [is the other her brother Arthur Balfour?], and remarks that the memories that she must have will sustain and strengthen her in the work she is still intent upon doing. Is very thankful to have known Henry: in some ways he shall 'miss him at every turn'; in others he feels that he is there.

Letter from S.E. Spring Rice to Henry Sidgwick

Explains that, being shut up at home with a cold, he is unable to refer to 'Blue Books' for a few days, but maintains that there is some information in the 'last two R[ ] of the T[ ]' which would have a bearing on Sidgwick's question. Refers to the equities, and to the change made to taxation in 1894, concurrently with the new Death Duties, by which the Income Tax (Sched:A) was levied on the net value of lands and houses instead of the gross...' Presumes that Sidgwick has a copy of Hamilton's m[emo: Memorandum written in preparation of the budget of 1897/8?], 'which will supply plenty of statistics on many branches of the subject.' Refers to Giffen's contention that 'all rates are rent-charges, and all paid by the owner.' Promises to write again as soon as he gets something to tell him.

Rice, Stephen Edward Spring (1856–1902) civil servant and academic.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to John Jermyn Cowell

Explains the delay in answering Cowell's letter, claiming that he had mislaid it, and had forgotten where Cowell would be; says that he could only remember that he would be at F[lorence] 'about the beginning of May.' Apologises for his carelessness, and claims that he was further delayed in writing by his having to research some lectures that he had to give on the Acts of the Apostles. Regrets that they could not have met up at Florence. Reports that [Henry Yates?] Thompson's failure in the Tripos took them all by surprise, and that the latter seems to have taken the result 'a good deal too coolly; and to have imitated [George Otto] Trevelyan's dangerous example of reading by himself and doing no composition, without having any of Trevelyan's classical intuition...' Reports that Thompson is now in Auvergne, having perfected his French at Paris, and that Trevelyan has returned from Paris. Expresses some doubts in relation to the latter's account of his and Thompson's sojourn in Paris.

Reports that he himself has been spending his vacation in England, trying to cure his stammering. States that he is an M.A. now, and is getting to see more of the authorities of the College, whom he describes as 'a kind of big children.' Remarks that W.H. Thompson 'improves on acquaintance', and is 'so much more genial than one would have thought.' States that he [Henry] is getting over his old objections against fellow-commoners. Admits that his is a very nice life, and that he actually gets through 'so very little work.' Wishes that he could shake off his laziness and begin to write. Claims that his views on religious and philosophical subjects are 'in a state of change', and wishes that he could talk to Cowell on these matters. Claims to have given up a good deal of his materialism and scepticism, 'and come round to Maurice and Broad Church again...' Claims to be 'deeply impressed by the impotence of modern unbelief in explaining the phenomena which Christians point to as evidences of the Holy Spirit's influence.' Discusses his interpretation of the words 'religious' and 'irreligious' as applied to men.

Hopes that Cowell is 'getting happily and delightfully convalescent' in 'the famous city of Dante' [Florence]. Wonders when he is to return to England, and if his 'distaste for the law and...devotion to philosophy' will continue when his health has improved. Remarks that he always thought that Cowell was made for the practical rather than the speculative life. Reports that the ' [Apostles] Society' flourishes, and that the only new member is [William] Everett, who has considerable interests in Metaphysics. Refers to his 'declamation in chapel', with which the old Dons, especially [William] Whewell, were 'enraptured. Asks for the name of Cowell's guide for [E.E?] Bowen, who plans, with [E.M?] Young, a Swiss tour.

Notes on Sutherlandshire Folklore

Notes by Katherine Frazer in her hand and a draft in J. G. Frazer's hand of 'Sutherlandshire Folk-Lore' for 'Notes and Queries' in 'The Folk-Lore Journal', vol. 7, no. 1 (1889), detailing customs and beliefs as told to Katherine Frazer by her servant Isabella Ross. Accompanied by a cutting headed 'The Edinburgh Gifford Lectures' summarising the first Gifford Lecture, given by Dr Hutchison Stirling.

Letter from Wickham Steed to J. G. Frazer

9 Schwindgasse 9, The Times, Vienna - Encloses a clipping from 'Pester Lloyd' [headed 'Leichenschändung als Mittel gegen die Dürre']; the photos were never sent off; 'Bankers' Money' [by J. Shield Nicholson] came safely; asks what he thought of [Henry] Balfour's address at the British Association, 'he always seems to me to hold a brief for dishonest doubt'.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Edward White Benson

Undertakes to write on 'the other soon as the visit is over', and states that they both entirely agree with Benson's view of 'the present situation.' Is glad to hear that Hugh is quite recovered. Adds that the Conservatives 'have just decided, by 50 to 16, to select Jebb for vacant seat' [in Parliament for Cambridge University]. Incomplete.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to unknown recipient

Hopes that his addressee liked the song he gave him/her, and states that the plot of the poem wherein it is to come 'was harrowing in the extreme'. Relates some of the plot, involving the characters Damon, Pythias, and a heroine, with whom they both fall in love. Refers also to the structure of the work, which 'concludes with a mild ode.' [Incomplete].

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