Miscellaneous press cuttings, most of them from English papers, accompanied by a cutting of an article headed 'Découverte de manuscrits d'André Chénier à Angers' in 'Journal des Debats' by Comtesse Jean de Pange (Item 121); a list of Premiers Protecteurs of La Fondation du Foyer du Conservatoire (Item 120); an income tax informational booklet from 1940 (Item 112); and printed minutes for the meeting of the General Council of the University of Glasgow in October 1939 (Item 111). Accompanied by 4 envelopes.
FRAZ/18-19 consists of two boxes containing 225 letters mostly addressed to Lilly Frazer. The letters span 1901-1941, but the bulk date from the 1920s and 1930s, and primarily concern J. G. Frazer's works and related personal business. There is a more extensive run of letters to Lilly Frazer in FRAZ/32-33, but letters to her appear throughout the collection as well, in part because the subject matter is the same as those to Sir James, as she assumed the role of secretary/agent after their marriage.
An alphabetic sequence spans the two boxes. One item appears out of place: the incomplete manuscript draft of Lucien Lévy-Bruhl's preface to "La crainte des morts" (Item 107), which is filed after three unrelated letters from Lévy-Bruhl.
3 cartoons, including one of Lloyd George from 'Punch' April 6 1932 (Item 98), and two of Adolf Hitler (Items 100 and 101); and one article about the revival of reading during World War II (Item 102). Also, 'Review of the Year 1939' in 'The Times' dated 1 January 1940 (Item 99).
FRAZ/31 consists of one box containing Lilly Frazer's writings and materials relating to her plays, lectures, and French lessons, with a small collection of press cuttings and printed material, many of them in her native French. There are only three playscripts and five short stories or articles represented in their entirety; the rest are incomplete.
The box includes a draft of a 12 page letter in Lilly Frazer's hand to an unidentified correspondent dated 19 May , in which she shares stories of J. G. Frazer's absentmindedness and lack of interest in money (Item 64); it also includes an early telegram possibly sent by Père Hyacinthe [the religious name taken by Charles Loyson] to [Emilie?] Meriman in 1872 (Item 38).
The papers consist of correspondence, writings, notebooks, diaries, music manuscripts, printed material, and photographs which document the life and work of social anthropologist and classical scholar Sir James George Frazer, and to a lesser extent that of his wife, the writer and translator Lilly Frazer (known after June 1914 as Lady Frazer), who acted as his manager and press agent. The collection spans the years 1872-1941, but the bulk of the material dates from the 1920s and 1930s.
Research strengths include Frazer’s writings in the 1920s and 1930s, social anthropology, folklore, classical scholarship, British and French publishing history, and Trinity College academic and social life. The bulk of the collection dates from the last two decades of his life, and therefore contains material from a time well after his reputation was established. While there are letters from people with anthropological data, the collection does not include the vast amount of data and answers to his anthropological questionnaires that he presumably possessed when compiling the first edition of 'The Golden Bough'. Very often letters with anthropological data are in the form of fan letters, whose writers wish to correct or add to information in one of his books.
The papers are arranged in small and repeated groupings, with alphabetical runs of letters followed by writings and printed material, returning to more alphabetical runs of letters featuring many of the same correspondents as the previous runs, more writings, and research materials, and on. The searching abilities of the database will be useful to find all materials by a person or on a subject.
The correspondence is almost entirely incoming, with just 29 original letters from James Frazer (in FRAZ/1) and 15 typed copies of his letters (in FRAZ/1-4, 16, 25 and 29) and twelve original letters, a draft and four typed copies by Lilly Frazer (in FRAZ/1, 3, 17, 31 and 33) in a collection of over 2300 letters evenly divided between the two. In addition to runs of alphabetically arranged letters, there are also groups of letters on specific topics featuring many of the same correspondents. Letters may also be found with writings and research notes elsewhere in the collection.
The correspondence spans the years 1872-1941, however, the earliest dated letter to or from James or Lilly is dated January 1888. There are a limited number of letters from this early period. Many letters addressed to Lilly concern business related to James’ works, and some letters written in the late 1930s are addressed to her to be read aloud to him due to his increasing blindness.
Anthropologists appearing in the collection include L. C. G. Clarke, Edward Clodd, A. C. Haddon, J. H. Hutton, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, Bronisław Malinowski, R. R. Marett, John Roscoe, and Sir Grafton Elliot Smith. There are only three letters from Sir Walter Baldwin Spencer, but 16 from his daughter Dorothy Young. Classical scholars in the collection include A. B. Cook, F. M. Cornford, A. E. Housman, J. P. Postgate, Sir William Ridgeway, and H. J. Rose. Principal editors and publishers in the collection include James Loeb, George Macmillan, T. E. Page, and W. H. D. Rouse. Other principal correspondents are David Lindsay, the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres; and Sir Joseph Thomson and his wife Rose Thomson. Many of Lilly's correspondents write to her in her native French. Her principal correspondents include François Ceccaldi (many of them written from his native Corsica), Noémi Psichari, the daughter of Ernest Renan; translator Pierre Sayn, and James’ friend W. J. Lewis.
Writings by Sir James Frazer comprise 21 boxes, with additional writings to be found in the notebooks in FRAZ/35. The work represented by the most amount of material in the collection is Frazer’s edition of Ovid’s 'Fasti', published by Macmillan in 1929, and by Loeb in 1931. The papers do not include notes for the preparation of the original 'Golden Bough' nor do they include the manuscript. There are, however, three notebooks containing notes relating to the second and third editions (FRAZ/35/9-11). Frazer’s own copies of the different editions of 'The Golden Bough' are housed separately in the printed books Adversaria collection and carry numerous annotations.
Printed material consists of press cuttings, pamphlets, offprints, and small books. An album of cuttings of reviews of the first edition of 'The Golden Bough' may be found at FRAZ/22/4. Ten small books and pamphlets have also been catalogued into the Trinity Library printed materials catalogue but remain housed with the papers. The music manuscripts are housed in FRAZ/8 and consist of scores composed by Stuart Young setting Sir James’ poems to music. Margaret Rose’s operetta libretto based on Lady Frazer’s story 'The Singing Wood' was similarly set to music (the libretto at FRAZ/32/266 and the score FRAZ/8/1/5).
The travel diaries and many of the notebooks were previously housed on Trinity College Library shelves with printed books and have been reunited with the collection, along with 13 volumes and a small number of loose notes returned from the Haddon Library of Archaeology and Anthropology. The photographs in the collection include 16 photographic prints of sites in Greece possibly taken by Sidney George Owen, two of them dated June 1906 (FRAZ/21/67-82).Sans titre
Trinity College, Cambridge - A letter of sympathy on the death of J.G.F., admiring his 'gentle kindness and courtesy, his unfailing sympathy and interest in the work of lesser men'.
FRAZ/33 is the second and third of three boxes (FRAZ/32-33) forming an alphabetic sequence of letters addressed to Lilly Frazer. A fuller description may be found in the scope and content note for FRAZ/32. FRAZ 33/471, a previously unidentified letter fragment, has been reunited with the rest of its letter and is now at FRAZ 1/96.
FRAZ/28 consists of one box of letters, writings, and printed material relating to awards and other honours amassed by J. G. Frazer, spanning the dates [after 20 Feb. 1885]-1941, the bulk dating from the 1920s and 1930s.
A significant portion of the material is in the form of letters: those announcing honours (found throughout Items 1-23), those concerning Émile Antoine Bourdelle's bust of J. G. Frazer (Items 24-41), and those concerning the Frazer lectureship and the printed Frazer Lectures volume (Items 47-87).
22 cuttings of articles in which Frazer is mentioned personally or in which his books are mentioned as a source for a discussion of local customs and folklore, from England, Canada, Sweden, France, and the United States; they include an article, 'Sleeping Through the Sirens' from 'Saturday Night', a Toronto paper, telling a story about Frazer in the first World War watching bombs explode nearby and then returning to his studies (Item 28/180); an article by Bishop Tor Andræ, 'Odödlighetstrons bevis' in 'Svenska Dagbladet' of 7 Apr. 1940 (Item 28/177); and 'The Study of Folk-Lore' by R. Angus Downie in the 'Scottish Educational Journal' 1 Mar. 1940 (Item 28/176).
From the Rector, Exeter College, Oxford - Has heard from Louis Clarke that they are both unwell and expresses his sympathy.
Woodend, Perth Road, Dundee - Is sorry to hear Aunt Lilly is unwell, they are very glad Ashman is looking after him; they get sirens a fair amount, but it does not worry her mother.
FRAZ/19 is the second of two boxes (FRAZ/18-19) forming an alphabetic sequence of letters addressed to Lilly Frazer. A fuller description of these letters may be found in the scope and content note for FRAZ/18.
62 Bolingbroke Rd., London, W.14. - Sends his best wishes on their anniversary.
Woodend, Perth Road, Dundee - Hopes Lilly is getting better; she is laid up with rheumatism; many friends visit, including the curate who brought her a gas mask; Frances is on many committees and takes good care of her.
FRAZ/3 is the third of four boxes (FRAZ/1-4) forming an alphabetic sequence of letters addressed to J. G. Frazer. A fuller description may be found in the scope and content note for FRAZ/1.
94 Northumberland St., Higher Broughton, Manchester [note at top in unidentified hand: Date of Lady Frazer's stroke 19-3-41] - Watts are keen to publish "Those Evening Bells" but not immediately; they are also interested in publishing Frazer's letters, is arranging them in order and finds them interesting; Blackies would like to publish passages from introductions and epilogues; asks to be paid £1 a week.
FRAZ/16 consists of one box containing 131 letters and two writings which fall into three discernable groups with an unformed miscellany in the middle. Items 1-51 consist of letters written primarily to Lilly Frazer from friends and selected institutions to thank her for the copy of R. Angus Downie's biography 'James George Frazer: the Portrait of a Scholar' published in 1940. The letters date from June to October 1940, and many of the correspondents refer to life in wartime, including R. R. Marett, who writes on 12 June about his son Jack, missing after the attack on the HMS Glorious (Item 34).
Letters 52-70 are letters of congratulation on the award of the Légion d'honneur and date from March and April 1926. Items 71-98 are the miscellany, and include two writings, a group of Frazer's poems, and a speech made at Queen's College, London (Items 97 and 98). This group also includes Asquith's letter offering the knighthood in June 1914 (Item 82), and a typed copy of a letter from J. G. Frazer to Alfred Radcliffe-Brown (Item 74).
Letters 99-131 are the start of the alphabetic run that continues into box 17. The 168 letters in box 17 span the dates 1888-1940 with the bulk dating from the 1920s and 1930s, are addressed to J. G. Frazer and sometimes also Lilly Frazer and primarily concern J. G. Frazer's works and related personal business. The alphabetic run continues with 22 letters by Warren Dawson on the topic of the Frazer Lectures volume followed by 11 more letters related to the volume which interrupt the alphabetic order, a number of them relating to the question of omitting R. R. Marett's lecture from the volume. Two letters from Lilly Frazer to James Frazer, the only two letters between them in the papers appear here, Items 48 and 49, dated December 1904.
There are three speeches in FRAZ/17 as well: a copy of the speech by Canon Farrar at Durham University conferring the Honorary Doctor of Letters on Frazer (Item 42), a summary of a speech by René Maunier, President of the French Folklore Society (Item 47); Frazer's speech on being admitted an Honorary Bencher of the Middle Temple (Item 101).
FRAZ/32-33 consists of three boxes containing over 750 letters, most of them addressed to Lilly Frazer and almost half of them written in her native French. The letters span 1895-1941, but the bulk date from the 1920s and 1930s. An alphabetic sequence of letters spans the three boxes. Many correspondents may be represented not only by one or two letters here but also by letters addressed to James Frazer elsewhere in the collection. The largest group of letters is from François Ceccaldi in Corsica, a French préfet who signs himself 'Jack' and addresses Lilly as 'Flaminica' (FRAZ/32/85-201). The next largest collection of letters is from Noémi Renan Psichari, the daughter of Ernest Renan (FRAZ/33/270-305). Other principal correspondents in these boxes are Lauro de Bosis; Lillian de Bosis; David Lindsay, the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres; Arundell Esdaile; Aimé Joseph de Fleuriau; Matthieu Gorce; Arthur Gray; Pauline de Broglie, Comtesse de Pange; Pierre Sayn; Rose Thomson; and Dorothy Young. An original letter from Lilly to Alexandre Moret appears here (Item 26), and a copy letter from Lilly to Hermann Braunholz of the Council of the Anthropological Institute dated 1937 is also here (Item 25).
There are two writings housed with these letters. The first is the corrected draft of "Le bois qui chante", an operetta by Margaret Rose and Stuart Young, based on Lilly Frazer's "The Singing Wood" (FRAZ/32/266) which bears no apparent relationship to the letters around it. The second is a printed copy of a letter from Elise Révoire to 'Madame', undated, which according to a note in Lady Frazer's hand, appears in facsmilie in "Famille Troisel"; a version of the letter also appears in "Pasha the Pom" (FRAZ/33/315).
FRAZ/22-27 consist of eight boxes of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's writings arranged according to the date of the publication or creation of the works, dating from 1884 to 1938. FRAZ/25 includes the papers relating to the 'Anthologia Anthropologica', which was published in 1938-1939 but was begun to be discussed in 1932, the end date of the material in that box. FRAZ/27 includes some items added at the end with earlier dates.
FRAZ/22 consists of one box of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's books, speeches, and articles written from 1884 to 1903, arranged in chronological order of appearance. 'The Golden Bough' is represented solely by cuttings, including an album of 44 reviews of the first edition, dated 1890-1891 (Item 4). The only book represented by a manuscript here is 'Pausanias's Description of Greece', with a 178 page Introduction in Frazer's hand, lacking two pages at the end (Item 59).
Princess Hotel, Bermuda - Could not go to Sir James' 87th birthday party as she was virtually 'commanded' to Bermuda, where she shares a farmhouse with her sisters; hopes they are well.
13 Maple Avenue, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester - Upset to find them weak and tired; discusses the possibility of a book of letters, approaching Lund Humphries, writing to the "Times" asking for letters from friends; offers advice about "Those Evening Bells": approaching the "Glasgow Herald" to see if they'd publish the stories about his early life.