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Telegraphic correspondence with Lord Chelmsford, and related papers

The documents listed under this head mainly relate to 'private' or 'private and personal' telegrams sent by Montagu as Secretary of State for India to the Viceroy, Lord Chelmsford. The distinction between these terms, if there is one, is uncertain, but there is a clear distinction between communications of these kinds on the one hand and correspondence designated 'official' on the other. However, since a topic initially raised in official correspondence might subsequently form the subject of a series of private telegrams, copies of some official telegrams will also be found here. Official communications are explicitly identified in the list. It is possible that there were other categories of correspondence, since the term 'demi-official' also occurs. Correspondents occasionally discussed what category was appropriate for the subject under discussion (cf. A2/22/14, A2/23/3).

These papers were formerly either loose or fixed together with treasury tags to form small files. In the latter case the subject-matter of the file, or some other title, was sometimes marked on the top sheet.

The documents comprise (i) drafts and texts of the telegrams themselves; (ii) memoranda exchanged between Montagu and other officials on the composition of telegrams; and (iii) documents consulted as part of this process, such as newspaper cuttings and copies of regulations.

The correspondence begins at the time of the riots in Delhi, Bombay, and the Punjab, the day before the Amritsar massacre, and mostly concerns those disturbances and the controversial measures taken to counter them. The topics discussed include the progress of efforts to restore law and order; Gandhi; the involvement of Muslims in the disorders, and the Hindu-Mohammedan entente; the use of flogging as a punishment under martial law; the 'crawling order' issued by General Dyer at Amritsar, and the 'salaaming order' issued by Colonel Hodgson in Gujrunwala and Lyallpur; the postponement of sentences of execution against persons convicted of involvement in the Amritsar riots; the issue of notices by the Bombay High Court to barristers for taking the satyagraha vow; the question of arranging an inquiry into the disorders, and the subsequent formation and report of the Hunter Committee; and the Indemnity Bill.

Honours, Addresses, Biographical Works and Miscellaneous Personal Items

FRAZ/28 consists of one box of letters, writings, and printed material relating to awards and other honours amassed by J. G. Frazer, spanning the dates [after 20 Feb. 1885]-1941, the bulk dating from the 1920s and 1930s.

A significant portion of the material is in the form of letters: those announcing honours (found throughout Items 1-23), those concerning Émile Antoine Bourdelle's bust of J. G. Frazer (Items 24-41), and those concerning the Frazer lectureship and the printed Frazer Lectures volume (Items 47-87).

Lilly Grove Research for 'Dancing'

FRAZ/30 consists of one box of materials relating to research conducted by Lilly Frazer (before her marriage in 1896, Lilly Grove) for her illustrated book 'Dancing', published in 1895. The material spans the dates [c 1895]-1933. There are no textual research notes; there are two albums of photographs reproducing images of dancing in different cultures and time periods, gathered for consideration for inclusion in the book. There are also six unrelated photographs here, including one of a display of tribal objects, which was possibly sent to James George Frazer.

Library Catalogues and Plan

FRAZ/20 consists of two boxes containing three catalogues of Sir James Frazer's private library: a complete list created in 1907 [by John Roscoe], a list of additions created in 1922, and a two-part list created in 1935-1936 with an update in 1940. Accompanied by an exact and somewhat decorative plan of the library made by assistant P. W. Filby.

Writings: 'The Latin Fabulists' to 'On Some Australian Ceremonies'

FRAZ/22-27 consist of eight boxes of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's writings arranged according to the date of the publication or creation of the works, dating from 1884 to 1938. FRAZ/25 includes the papers relating to the 'Anthologia Anthropologica', which was published in 1938-1939 but was begun to be discussed in 1932, the end date of the material in that box. FRAZ/27 includes some items added at the end with earlier dates.

FRAZ/22 consists of one box of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's books, speeches, and articles written from 1884 to 1903, arranged in chronological order of appearance. 'The Golden Bough' is represented solely by cuttings, including an album of 44 reviews of the first edition, dated 1890-1891 (Item 4). The only book represented by a manuscript here is 'Pausanias's Description of Greece', with a 178 page Introduction in Frazer's hand, lacking two pages at the end (Item 59).

Writings: 'Spectator Papers' to 'The M. Painlevé Address'

FRAZ/24 is the third of eight boxes of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's writings, arranged according to the date of the publication or creation of the works, dating from 1884 to 1938 (FRAZ/22-27).

FRAZ/24 consists of one box of papers relating to J. G. Frazer's books, speeches, and articles written primarily from 1921 to 1927, with four cuttings dated later, from 1929 to 1940, arranged in chronological order of appearance. There are seven manuscript drafts of articles and lectures in Frazer's hand, and two more that are incomplete. Items 32-44 are letters and printed material relating to Frazer's article 'Our Debt to France' in 'The Morning Post' 1 July 1925, advocating the forgiveness of French war debt. Items 47-59 are letters and the manuscript draft of an acceptance speech on the award of the Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur in April 1926. (Another group of letters of congratulation on the award of the Légion d'honneur may be found at FRAZ/16/52-71.) Items 72-73, and 75 are typescripts of speeches made at a gathering in the Old Combination Room at Trinity College on 1 Mar. 1927.

Box 1: Augusta Julia Babington (née Noel) – Frances Babington (née Sykes)

Letters from Augusta Julia Babington, née Noel, to her father in law Thomas Babington.

Letter from C. S[?] B[abington?] to Mary Ellen Rose, née Parker. Letters from Catherine Babington, née Whitter, to her brother in law Thomas Babington. Letter from Charles Cardale Babington to his uncle Thomas Babington. Letters from Charles Edward Babington to his aunt Mary Parker, née Babington.

Letter from Charles Roos Babington to his sister Jean Babington; letters to his father Thomas Babington, and sister Mary Babington.

Letter from Elizabeth Babington, later Strange, to her uncle Thomas Babington. Letters from Frances Babington, née Sykes, to her sisters in law Maria Frances Babington (née Pratt) and Mary Parker (née Babington). This last includes a note from her husband Matthew Babington to his sister Mary.

Box 3: Jean Babington (née Macaulay)

Letters of Jean Babington, née Macaulay, to: her children George Gisborne Babington, Jean Babington, Mary Parker, and John Babington; her daughter in law Sarah Anne Babington, née Pearson; her husband Thomas Babington (item 32 includes accounts); her son in law Sir James Parker and his mother Margaret Parker, née Rainy; her grand-daughter Margaret Jean Parker; also a note from her daughter Lydia (later Rose) to John Babington.

Account of funeral expenses for Jean Babington.

Babington, Jean (1764-1845), née Macaulay, wife of Thomas Babington

Letters (H-K) to Sir James George Frazer

ADD.Ms.c.58 is part of a group, ADD.Ms.c.56-61, which contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for ADD.Ms.c.56.

ADD.Ms.c.58, the third box in the alphabetic sequence of letters to Sir James George Frazer, covers the surnames starting with H-K. There are 88 letters here, as well as two other items catalogued as stand-alone items: a cutting with a story on witchcraft in China (Item 35) and a typescript draft of a paper on the Fetish in West Africa by Mary Henrietta Kingsley (Item 82). There is one letter addressed to Lilly Frazer, from Mary Henrietta Kingsley (Item 81). Most of the letters are from correspondents represented by one or two letters only, and the largest group of letters consists of fourteen letters from Edwin Sidney Hartland (Items 12-25).

Unusually, Item 37, a letter from Elizabeth Hughes Phillips to Frazer, is not an original letter but is instead a carbon copy of the typescript, with the gaps in the typescript not completed in manuscript.

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Institute of Theoretical Astronomy

Theoretical astronomy was one of the areas of study covered by DAMTP. An abortive attempt by the astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle to become head of DAMTP resulted ultimately in the creation in 1967 of the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy.

'Cooperation in Europe'

In 1972, Batchelor invited Chairmen of European national committees of theoretical and applied mechanics to meet in Warsaw to discuss the idea of a European Mechanics Council. However the move provoked serious concern amongst senior members of IUTAM who took steps to prevent the meeting. However, the incident resulted in the establishment of a IUTAM study group to look into regional cooperation in general.

Box 43: Mary Parker

Eight letters from Mary Babington to Margaret Parker, née Rainy, written before her marriage to Margaret's son James on 29 Jun 1829; ninety-nine letters written by Mary Parker to her mother-in-law. Enclosures and additions as follows: notes from James Parker to his mother; note from Mary's brother-in-law Patrick Parker to his mother; note from William Acworth [vicar of Rothley] to Margaret Parker, Aug 1839.

Parker, Mary (1799-1858), née Babington, wife of Sir James Parker

Box 9: Jean Babington

Letters of Jean Babington to her father Thomas Babington, 1806-1832 ; two including notes from her brother Thomas Gisborne Babington to their father, one including a note from her mother Jean Babington, née Macaulay.

Three ketters from Jean Babington to her brother Thomas Gisborne Babington, 1813-1814.

Babington, Jean (1798-1839), daughter of Thomas and Jean Babington

Box 10: Jean Babington

Letters of Jean Babington to her sister Mary, later Parker; some with notes from Colin Macaulay, James Parker, Jean Babington (née Macaulay), Lydia Rose (née Babington), and Fanny Macaulay to Mary. Note from Jean Babington to her sister in law Sarah Babington (née Disney) also included.

Two letters from Jean Babington to Susan Darroch (née Parker).

Babington, Jean (1798-1839), daughter of Thomas and Jean Babington

Box 18: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to James Parker, who married his daughter Mary in 1829, 1826-1837. Also included with some of these letters; a note from Matthew Babington to James Parker, 27 June 1829; notes from Thomas Babington and from Jean Babington (née Macaulay), to their daughter Mary; notes to Mary from her sister Jean; notes from Mary Parker and from S[amuel?] Duckworth to James Parker.

Draft letter from Thomas Babington to his nephew Thomas Gisborne, 17 Dec. 1824. Two letters from Thomas Babington to Margaret Parker, née Rainy (mother of James Parker), 21 July 1828 and 28 Jan. 1833.

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 38: Mary Parker

Letters from Mary Parker, née Babington, to her mother Jean Babington, née Macaulay (1835-1839), with additions and enclosures as follows: note from her husband James to his father-in-law Thomas Babington (1835); note from her sister Jean to their mother (1836); note from her brother George Gisborne Babington to his mother (1836); note from Mary addressed to her sister Jean Babington (1836).

Letter from Mary Parker to her sister Jean Babington (1830). Letter from Mary Babington (1817) to her brother John, enclosing two locks of her hair. Letter from Mary Parker to her brother John Babington (1839), with additional note from her brother George Gisborne Babington to John.

Parker, Mary (1799-1858), née Babington, wife of Sir James Parker

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