Fonds PEAC II - Letters from George Peacock to his family

Identity area

Reference code

PEAC II

Title

Letters from George Peacock to his family

Date(s)

  • 1807–39 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

1 box

Context area

Name of creator

(1791–1858)

Biographical history

George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton, near Darlington, co. Durham, one of eight children, the youngest of five sons of Thomas Peacock, curate and schoolmaster at Denton. After a short spell at Richmond School he came up to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1809, where he graduated as Second Wrangler. He was elected Fellow of Trinity in 1814, and received his MA in 1816.

In 1815 Peacock was appointed a Mathematics lecturer at Trinity, and became a tutor in 1823. His leanings towards reform were exercised in his review of the Mathematics Tripos during his three spells as moderator, from 1816 to 1821, as well as work on committees to rebuild the University Library and build the Fitzwilliam Museum, amongst other projects. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1818, and was given the Lowndean professorship of astronomy and geometry in 1837, a position he held until his death. He lectured for many years on mathematical theory in this role, and was on the committee in 1843 to restore the standards of weights and measures which had been destroyed in the parliament building fire.

Peacock was appointed Dean of Ely in 1839 and turned over the astronomy lectures to the Plumian professor of astronomy and experimental philosophy, retaining the Lowndean chair as a sinecure for the rest of his life. In Ely he persuaded the chapter to restore the cathedral, improved education for the middle and lower classes, and improved the city's drainage system. In 1841 Peacock published 'Observations on the Statutes of the University of Cambridge', advocating academic and political reform of the university and colleges, and served on the royal commission for inquiry at Cambridge in 1850, and and to a royal statutory commission for Cambridge in 1855.He was able to initiate many reforms, despite the opposition of Trinity master William Whewell.

He married Frances Elizabeth, daughter of William Selwyn, in 1847, and died at Ely in November 1858.

Archival history

These letters were originally catalogued as part of the Papers of George Peacock. The Letters of George Peacock (PEAC) formed the first two boxes of that collection and these letters made up the third. The two sets of papers were separated in June 2019 due to their separate provenances.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Gift of S. H. Cartwright, 1980.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

94 letters, most of them written to Peacock's brother William, with six to his father Rev. Thomas Peacock, one each to his sister Hannah and brother Thomas, and nine others addressed to an unspecified 'Dear Sister'. The letters date from the time he was a schoolboy in Richmond until after his appointment to the Ely Deanery.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

The letters are arranged chronologically.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

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Script of material

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Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Two legacy finding aids are available at the library, listing the formerly designated Papers of George Peacock (see the Archival History note above), and another (in a file at the library) listing the former Papers together with the autograph album at ADD.Ms.b.49 by correspondent, with entries in the card catalogue as well.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Letters to George Peacock, PEAC.
Peacock and Thompson Family Autograph Album , ADD.Ms.b.49.

Notes area

Note

Cite as: Trinity College Library Cambridge, George Peacock Letters to his Family, PEAC II.

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Description control area

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Rules and/or conventions used

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Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

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Archivist's note

Collection level description created by Diana Smith in June 2019, using an earlier, undated finding aid.

Accession area