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Fison, Lorimer (1832-1907) missionary and anthropologist
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Letter from Kingsley Roth to Sir James Frazer

95 Waterloo Crescent, Halifax, Yorks. - Is the son of H. Ling Roth, is studying anthropology and archaeology at Christ's College, Cambridge while on leave from serving as District Commissioner in Fiji; has seen the mention of Rev. Lorimer Fison in the footnotes of 'The Golden Bough' and wonders if he has any further information on the Nanga cult which he may consult.

Letter from J. Potts to J. G. Frazer

14, Brookside, Cambridge [on mourning stationery] - Would like more copies of the article ['Howit and Fison' in 'Folk-Lore'] for Fison's daughters; asks permission to have it printed privately.

Letter from Mary C. Fison to Dr J. G. Frazer

'Nai Kele Kele' [on mourning stationery] - Writes about the death of her father Lorimer Fison, will send book and booklets Frazer had sent Fison to Sir George Le Hunte and share with him news of Professor Spencer taking up the Western investigation.

Letter from C. Brunsdon Fletcher to Sir James Frazer

Sydney, N.S.W. Australia - Dr George Brown suggested he write Frazer, to ask for help in writing the life of Lorimer Fison; he has many of Fison's letters and materials from Dr Brown, and asks for a contribution from Frazer about Fison's anthropological work and achievements; has been given a copy of his article in 'Folk-Lore' by Maria [Mary?] Fison; his own family has been connected with missionary work for the last fifty years, and his uncle William Fletcher was in Fiji, and his aunt Mrs William Fletcher is sister to Dr Brown's wife; is sending a copy of 'A Century in the Pacific' with a chapter written by himself on the works of Fison, Sir William MacGregor and Brown.

Letter from C. Brunsdon Fletcher to Sir James Frazer

Sydney - Has received his parcel with letters written by Lorimer Fison, will have copies made and the originals returned; his plans for Dr Fison's Life have been put on hold by a suggestion of Sir William MacGregor, who thinks it better to write a life of Dr George Brown, who is still alive and does not have the paper trail that Fison left.

Copy letter from A. W. Howitt to J. G. Frazer

Finch Street, East Malvern, Melbourne. Dated 25 February, 1901 - Thanks him for the GB, which arrived in the mail, and for the mention of his daughter [Mary]'s work on Australian folklore and legends which they still hope to see printed; will see [Baldwin] Spencer before he heads to Central Australia, and [Lorimer] Fison as well; hopes to be able to devote a year to the completion of his work on the organization of native tribes.

Copy letter from Richard C. E. Long to J. G. Frazer

Portarlington. Dated 26th June, 1911 - Has been reading 'Totemism and Exogamy' and discusses the Tamil system of naming extended family members and takes issue with his statement that this classification is less logical than the Seneca-Iroquois system, as pointed out by Lorimer Fison; more briefly mentions the relationship names of Nyang-speaking tribes, and the fact that the Ossetes are Aryan speaking people, and the natives of Rotuma speak not Polynesian but Melanesian.

Typed letter from I. Vinnikov to Sir James Frazer

Leningrad, 28, ul.Voinova 44-a, kv.16, USSR - He has sent a copy of his book 'From the Archives of Lewis H. Morgan' and wonders what Frazer thinks of it; knows of Frazer's friendship with Fison and Howitt and how highly he thinks of Morgan.

Letter from C. Brunsdon Fletcher to Sir James Frazer

Sydney - Thanks him again for the parcel with letters written by Lorimer Fison, is happy to have a generous amount of time in which to have copies made; had no idea how much Fison was indebted to Frazer for the relief of his last years, and to try so hard to have the relief continued for his widow.

Copy letter from Lorimer Fison to J. G. Frazer

Dated April 10 [1902] - Sends [Alfred] Howitt's note to Fison dated 7 April, 1902 [transcribed] which describes where he is in his work and his plan to send the chapter on the Great and Local organisation to Frazer; regrets being absent when Spencer and Gillen returned.

Copy letter from A. W. Howitt to J. G. Frazer

Clovelly, Metung, Victoria. Dated 4 August, 1902 - Thanks him for his help in reading his manuscript [for 'The Native Tribes of South East Australia']; spent a good evening with [Baldwin] Spencer, who gave a successful lecture on his journey with illustrations by lantern slides and phonographic reproduction of songs; [Lorimer] Fison is in financial difficulties.

Copy letter from J. Wilson to J. G. Frazer

Highbury, Moor Green, Birmingham. Dated Feb. 7, 1905 - Is desired by [Joseph] Chamberlain to say he cannot properly interfere in the case of [Lorimer] Fison's claims [for a civil-list pension?].

Letter from Henry Jackson to J. G. Frazer

Trinity College, Cambridge - Thanks him for 'Sir Roger de Coverley'; before Frazer was an undergraduate he had a high opinion of his learning and literary gifts and finds the book completely justifies that estimate; especially liked his appreciation of Robertson Smith, Howitt and Fison.

Accompanied by the envelope.

Letter from J. Potts to J. G. Frazer

14, Brookside, Cambridge [on mourning stationery] - Is happy with his article about her brother [Lorimer Fison, for an article in 'Folk-Lore'], and makes two small changes.

Copy letter from A. W. Howitt to J. G. Frazer

Finch Street, East Malvern, Melbourne. Dated 17 October, 1901 - He has gone through one of his chapters [of his work for his book 'Native Tribes of South East Australia'?] relating to the 'Mura-Muras' with [Lorimer] Fison and has made numerous changes after getting further information from Rev. Otto Siebert; so far the book is about 600 pages; has seen Andrew Lang's remarks on Frazer's work, and doesn't think his inferences are warranted; his daughter [Mary] has prepared a paper for the Folk Lore Society on some legends of the Dieri tribe; is looking forward to [Baldwin] Spencer's return from his expedition in January.

Letter from Arthur James Balfour to Mr Frazer

Whittingehame, Prestonkirk, N.B., Dictated, Private - Thanks him for volume four of 'The Golden Bough'; regrets as a Cambridge man that he is going to Liverpool; regrets he does not interfere with decisions made by successors to the office of First Lord of the Treasury [concerning the pension for the widow of Lorimer Fison], but suggests a letter from him or Henry Jackson to the Prime Minister [Campbell-Bannerman] would be effective. The envelope is docketed 'A. J. Balfour. Liverpool & Mr Fison'.

Letter from C. Brunsdon Fletcher to Sir James Frazer

c/o 'Sydney Morning Herald' Office, Hunter St., Sydney - Thanks him for his answer, regrets that he cannot help with something on Lorimer Fison's ethnological work; is delighted with his offer to send Fison's letters; has finished writing 'The New Pacific - British Policy & German Aims' in which he had the assistance of Dr George Brown; it gives Lorimer Fison and Sir William MacGregor equal prominence.

Letter from Alfred C. Haddon to J. G. Frazer

Royal College of Science for Ireland, Stephen's Green, East, Dublin - Describes bull-roarers in the Torres Straits, suggests writing to J. D. E. Schmeltz, offers to send a drawing of one to [Lorimer] Fison for publication.

Letter from A. C. Haddon to J. G. Frazer

Inisfail - Is delighted he is 'on the war-path' [the Lorimer Fison petition for a Civil List pension?]; congratulates him on his lectures; gives two references to magical and divine kings. Docket of letter at top refers to the Fison petition.

Letter from Henry Jackson to J. G. Frazer

Trinity College, Cambridge - Thanks him for his copy of 'Totemism and Exogamy', grieves that [Lorimer] Fison and [A. W.] Howitt have not lived to read it; had a visit from [John] Roscoe; and discusses ways he has supported Roscoe's candidature: he reminded [Lord] Crewe of Frazer's application for Roscoe, and wrote to Sir Kenneth Muir Mackenzie recommending Roscoe; notes that he knows the Chancellor [Lord Loreburn], but thinks it more effective to approach Muir Mackenzie.

Copy letter from A. W. Howitt to J. G. Frazer

Clovelly, Metung, Victoria. Dated 2 April, 1906 - Thanks him for 'Lectures on the Early History of the Kingship'; has been busy as Chairman of a Royal Commission in the Coal Industry but will take notice of [Andrew] Lang's 'Search of the Totem', has a reply ready to send off as to the 'pirrauru', the undivided commune, his attack on Frazer and himself, and other matters; [Baldwin] Spencer will join in when he has time; asks Frazer to help distribute 500 copies of his letter to members of Anthropological societies, journals and newspaper; May is in Melbourne with him and they express their thanks for their kindness during their visit to Cambridge; [Lorimer] Fison is slightly better but unable to do any mental work; Spencer is well but Howitt fears he is overworking himself.

Copy letter from A. W. Howitt to J. G. Frazer

24 Ladbroke Gardens, Notting Hill, W. Dated 12 July, 1904 - Thanks him for the trouble he has taken on the Attic Tribes but has decided to omit the whole section [of his book 'Native Tribes of South East Australia'], and will write to [Lorimer] Fison to explain his reasons; has written a paragraph defending the 'All Father business' in view of [Baldwin] Spencer's objections; went to see Mr [William Napier?] Shaw [at the Meteorological Office?] but he was away and he found nothing of use, at the British Museum he found the Queensland Rain Map which he sends Frazer.

Copy letter from A. W. Howitt to J. G. Frazer

Eastwood, Bairnsdale, Victoria. Dated 16 January 1904 - His book ['The Native Tribes of South East Australia'] is finished, with [Lorimer] Fison's help; he and his daughter [Mary?] are going to Lake Tigers [Lake Tyers?] to get some photos of some old Kumai [Kurnai] men; Fison is in poor health; does not wish to burden Frazer with having to read the proofs of his book, as previously suggested.

Copy letter from Henry Jackson to J. G. Frazer

Trinity College, Cambridge. Dated 23rd May 1910 - Thanks him for his copy of 'Totemism and Exogamy', grieves that [Lorimer] Fison and [A. W.] Howitt have not lived to read it; had a visit from [John] Roscoe; and discusses ways he has supported Roscoe's candidature: he reminded [Lord] Crewe of Frazer's application for Roscoe, and wrote to Sir Kenneth Muir Mackenzie recommending Roscoe; notes that he knows the Chancellor [Lord Loreburn], but thinks it more effective to approach Muir Mackenzie.

Copy letter from G. Brown to Dr Frazer

Dated January 22nd 1909 - Sends an article [transcribed] ahead of their meeting about totems and nomenclatures in New Guinea, with information from Rev. W. E. Bromilow with comments on the information by [Lorimer] Fison.

Copy letter from Alfred C. Haddon to J. G. Frazer

Royal College of Science for Ireland, Stephen's Green, East, Dublin. Dated Oct. 28 1899 - Describes bull-roarers in the Torres Straits, suggests writing to J. D. E. Schmeltz, offers to send a drawing of one to [Lorimer] Fison for publication.

Letters from James George Frazer

15 letters and two cards, accompanied by a clipping of Frazer's obituary.

Item 35: Dated 15 Dec. [no year]. Thanks him for his testimonial, and while the Aberdeen position is filled, he will endeavour to deserve the kind words in his future work.
Item 36: 23 June 1913 Congratulates him on the Oxford degree, will be sending a new and enlarged ‘Psyche’ and Part VI of the new G.B. to show that he has not been squandering his time or the trust placed in him.
Item 37: 25 June 1914 Thanks him for the congratulations; it is hard to be finished with the work, like the parting of an old friend; was grieved at the death of W. Aldis Wright, happy in his successor.
Item 38: 1 July 1908 Congratulates him on his new honour; asks if he has heard anything more of the Lorimer Fison business; visiting William Wyse.
Item 39: Letter to Sir Henry Cholmondeley Jackson, 26 Feb 1922. Thanks him for the copy of ‘Totemism’ which had belonged to his father; his father’s death has left a ‘sad blank’ at Trinity; wonders if his father had a chance to see his ‘Apollodorus’.
Item 40: 25 Oct 1887 Replies to Jackson’s criticisms and disagrees about the line between consummation and subsequent intercourse, and discusses the limitation of the effusion of blood as well, the value of virginity, and related matters.
Item 41: 27 Oct 1887 more of the same discussion.
Item 42: 9 Nov 1887 sends a copy of ‘Totemism’, sends a theory.
Item 43: 9 Nov 1887 a moment’s discussion with Robertson Smith has shown him the error in a theory.
Item 44: 1 May 1888 Refers to evidence from Samuel Gason on the prohibition of sexual intercourse.
Item 45: 22 Aug 1888 a long letter; discusses the comparison of metaphysics and superstition; asks him to save the letter for Robertson Smith.
Item 46: 24 Aug 1888 thanks him for being a sounding board for his theories, mentions that Robertson Smith is a stern utilitarian whom he does not dare to mention ghosts and spirits to.
Item 47: 18 Apr 1904 Asks his advice about Manchester.
Item 48: 2 May 1904 gives his reason for declining Manchester, encloses a letter from Baldwin Spencer criticising his circumcision theory.
Item marked as 'with 35-48': Undated Thanks him for the letter and cutting, is interested in the different motives and train of thought that influences men in different stages of culture; thinks McLennan treated savages as if they were influenced only by what we consider rational motives
Item marked as 'with 35-48': Undated, Friday asks him to put his last letter in the fire and that he should stick to facts, mentions an East Indian tradition that people leave their souls at home when they go out to fight.
Item marked as 'with 35-48': Card, undated about rules armies have about hair or feces falling into enemy hands where they can make magic with it
Item marked as 'with 35-48': Card undated refers to an article in Anthropological Journal discussing totem clans and rules for burying them in a certain direction.
Item marked as 'with 35-48': The Times obituary for Frazer