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Additional Manuscripts c Whewell, William (1794-1866), college head and writer on the history and philosophy of science
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Letter from Sir Henry Maine to Henry Sidgwick

Thanks Sidgwick for his letter. Reports that since they saw each other at Cambridge he has been reading the statutes of the [Whewell] International Law Professorship, and he believes that 'the founder of the Professorship contemplated the Professor being [ ] engaged in non-academical pursuits.' States however that his intentions regarding the India Office 'are independent of any question raised by Dr Whewell's will.' Believes that it would be 'extremely wrong' that any public servant should hold a seat on the Indian Council as well as two academic offices, viz., the Mastership of Trinity Hall and the International Professorship, and states that if he were to be appointed to the latter, he would resign from the Indian Council as soon as he could. His perception of the situation is that the electors, having surveyed the field of candidates, came to the conclusion that there was no one to be preferred to Maine, he would be invited to apply for the position. Suggests that it would be enough if he authorised Sidgwick to declare him a candidate; assures him that he is 'not for a moment suggesting that' Sidgwick vote for him. Asks him to let him know the result by telegraph when the election is over.

Maine, Sir Henry James Sumner (1822-1888) Knight, jurist

Letters to John William Whittaker

Fifteen letters from William Whewell, five letters from H. P. Hamilton, one each from Charles Heathcote and Christopher Wordsworth, and two from James C. Franks.

Whittaker, John William (1791-1854) Church of England clergyman

Letter from James Martineau to Henry Sidgwick

Sends back 'both Proof and M.S.' [of The Methods of Ethics?, not included], which he read with interest. Acknowledges 'the difficulties attaching to the doctrine' criticised by Sidgwick, but does not believe them to be insuperable, 'or so considerable as the difficulties which the doctrine removes.' Admits that his lack of any adequate conception of Sidgwick's point of view, and also from the 'imperfect way' in which he has presented his own doctrine 'in the Whewell paper', he finds it impossible to present his case 'with any effect.' Suggests that the fundamental difference between their opinions is that while Sidgwick regards judgment of the actions of others as the primary moral fact, he [Martineau] finds it in judgment upon his own actions. States that he has never regarded the valuation of "Motives" as a method for determining the actions proper to pursue. Admits that the '"Moral Sentiments"' have their place 'among the scale of possible impulses', but claims that, if present, 'they cannot decide between the claims of the two competing impulses whose presence constitutes the problem, but can only add themselves on, as an intensification, to the [felt] authority of the higher.'

Letter from Thomas Woolner

In response to a request that he execute the statue of William Whewell; is glad this means his statue of Macaulay pleased the authorities.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Mary "Minnie" Benson

Wishes that he could drop in on her, 'like William can, and see the [ ] lodge' for himself. Reports that their mother, 'after an ominous silence', sent him 'a laudatory but vague sentence about her.' Claims that he is 'a Galley Slave' that term, with a lecture at nine o'clock on Monday morning. Reports that he saw [Henry Weston] Eve the other day, 'but he looked more like Cambridge than Wellington College.' Reports that he has nearly got through the Old Testament, and shall have done all but Ezekiel by the time he goes down. Claims that the finest passages of the translation [from Hebrew to English] 'are destroyed by the barbarous fidelity of a ruthless German commentator.'

Reports that they have been having 'a violent university contest', and refers to Joe Mayor, who has lost his professorship [of political economy] by ten votes. Claims that the 'Bald-headed People in the university are confounded to find that the young men have elected a blind Radical [Henry Fawcett]'. States that he voted against Joe, 'purely on public grounds'. Announces that he is to dine with the Master on Monday, and is sure that he shall meet Miss Grote [Mayor's fiancée?] there.

Reports that Arthur is not well, and is 'plagued with the grandfather of all boils' on his finger. Reports that he saw Henry Bramley that day, and wonders whether he himself 'shall ever have so big a beard.' States that Oriental Studies 'are at a standstill [in Cambridge University] as [their] Hebrew Professor [Thomas Jarrett] is temporarily insane, and there is no one who can teach Hebrew or Sanscrit', and that besides him they have 'an Arabic Reader who never lectures except to at least two undergraduates...'

Asks her if she has seen any literature. Reports that there is 'a poetess who calls herself "Jean Ingelow" who is estimable', and that the 'Reviews have discovered that Woolners Poem [My Beautful Lady] is a swan', and does not think it 'a goose' himself. Asks how the house is getting on, and asks after Edward. Inquires as to whether the boys say the beer is bitter.

Letter from Augustus De Morgan to William Whewell

Sends Whewell an "amusing and impudent fraud" sent to members of College some years ago [not present] as "evidence of the sort of things which can be attempted -- and perhaps are often successful".

Morgan, Augustus De (1806-1871), mathematician and historian

Poem by Richard Smith accompanied by biographical information

MS poem about the life of Trinity College Fellows, beginning "What are your joys? Ye Senior Fellows say", undated. Accompanied by a letter from the donor, Gerda Morgan, great-granddaughter of Richard Smith, to H. A. Hollond dated 5 Nov. 1941 with stories from Richard Smith's family letters describing his travels in France with the Duke of Devonshire, and other stories from the family about Richard's daughters, who included Richarda Airy, married to Sir George Airy. Accompanied by a typescript biography of Richard Smith that includes further stories of his travels in France, further information about Richarda Airy and her connection with William Whewell.

Smith, Richard (c 1767-1824) Trinity College, Cambridge Fellow, clergyman

Letters to J. Edleston

Thirteen letters: four from C. W. King, three from Robert Potts, two from Edmund Beckett Denison [later Edmund Beckett, 1st Baron Grimthorpe], one each from [Francis] Martin, Charles Musgrave, R. F. Scott, and Edward Meredith Cope. Several letters refer to the death of William Whewell and his bequest to the College. In addition, there is one printed letter circulated for the Fellows only from Francis Martin dated 3 Dec. 1857.

Edleston, Joseph (c 1816-1895) Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge

Letter from I. Todhunter to Henry Sidgwick

Writes on philosophy in Cambridge. States that the correspondence of Hare and Whewell gives him the impression 'that there was very little mental philosophy read at Cambridge in their younger days'. Whewell's lectures were very well attended in the early years after he was appointed professor, but the numbers attending declined after he began to develop his new system. Refers to the paper set on philosophy for the Trinity Fellowships, and to Trinity lecturers Thompson and Cope. Refers to his own undergraduate days from 1844 to 1848, and mentions the works on philosophy which were influential at that time: an article of ancient philosophy by [Maurice], and Lewes' Biographical History of Philosophy. Believes that Lewes led him and many of his contemporaries to read J.S. Mill.

States that in St. John's College in his time 'a meagre abridgement of Locke used to be read in the first year, which 'finally disappeared under Roby's zealous efforts to reform [the students].' In relation to mental philosophy in those days, remarks that there 'must have been persons who were fond of [it]', and reports that he say a copy of the French translation of some of Sir W. Hamilton's essays in the private room of the mathematical tutor Mr Hopkins. Relates that Herschel's [Preliminary Discourse on [the Study of] Natural Philosophy 'was a book much read at Cambridge'. Mentions the absence of any account of the Greek Philosophy in Thirlwall's History [of Greece], and the political activity in England consequent on the Reform Bill and its results, as possible causes of the lack of interest in [mental philosophy].

Refers to a perceived 'taste for philosophy' arising in the previous thirty years at Cambridge, and cites theological influences as the possible cause, e.g., Butler's Analogy [of Religion], the sermons of Harvey Goodwin, and Dr Mill's contact with Hare and his Christian Advocate publications. Relates having, with others, admired the Sermons of Archer Butler, and having encouraged Macmillan to buy Butler's manuscripts, and publish the Lectures on Ancient Philosophy. Thinks that they appeared in 1856. Refers to Sir W. Hamilton, who 'became first known to most Cambridge men for his attacks on mathematics and on the Universities', and to W. Walton 'of Trinity Hall formerly of Trin. Coll.'. Adds that in 1834 'Sterling and J.C. Hare and others wanted to found a prize for Essays on the Philosophy of Christianity in honour of Coleridge', but the H[eads] would not allow it. Announces that he shall publish two letters from Whewell to Hare on the subject.

Todhunter, Isaac (1820-1884), mathematician and historian of mathematics

J. M. E. McTaggart: college stories

Trinity College stories gathered by McTaggart from Henry Jackson and others, numbered and arranged by date from 1896 to 1922. Following the main grouping of stories are light verses related to College matters by James Clerk Maxwell, J. P. Postgate, F. M. Cornford, Kennedy, and J. K. Stephen, and a cutting of a poem about William Whewell by [Tom Taylor?]; printed obituaries of William Hepworth Thompson, a letter from James Mayo dated 20 Jan. 1905, and two letters from Henry Jackson dated 8-9 Oct. 1879.

McTaggart, John McTaggart Ellis (1866-1925) philosopher

Letters relating to J. A. Giles and the loan of MS O.10.16

Letters from Giles to [Scott Nasmyth] Stokes 24 Mar. [1844?] forwarded on to [James Ind Smith?], from Giles to Mr Cranwell, 4 Jan. [1845?], and a letter from Giles to J. I. Smith dated 16 Jan. [1845?]. Accompanied by a letter from William Whewell to James Ind Smith dated 9 Aug. 1844, and a letter from James Ind Smith to an unidentified person dated 30 Dec. 1844.

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