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Jackson, Henry (1839-1921), classical scholar
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Letter from George A. Macmillan to Lady Frazer

27 Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W.7. - Thanks her for the copy of the address to the Glasgow Corporation; shares information learned earlier that day that in Dec. 1873 he and James both sat for the Trinity scholarship; he did not go to King's due to an incident during the Christmas holidays, after which he started work at Macmillan's; at the High Table at Trinity Henry Jackson told him to remember Frazer, who was later second in the first class of the Tripos to his old friend A. H. Cooke; a letter from J. H. Middleton commended 'The Golden Bough', resulting at last in 'the personal association which has ever since been to me a matter of so much pride and pleasure'; delighted to hear his eyesight has improved; happy to hear of the facilities offered by the British Museum; glad he is writing about 'The Fear of the Dead', which George had often discussed with him; is still confined to bed for what seemed a trivial accident.

Letter from William Ridgeway to J. G. Frazer

Embossed stamp of Queen's College, Cork - Discusses a passage in Greek mentioning spiked shoes; is distressed to learn that [Henry?] Jackson will not stand for the Greek chair; [J. P.] Postgate had already told him of Frazer's jest at [Ridgeway's] expense about the Greek chair; wonders why [Arthur?] Verrall doesn't go up, as good a literary man as [Richard?] Jebb, 'ten times more original, though a little wild at times'.

Letter from J.B. Payne to Henry Sidgwick

Reports that he received Sidgwick's note that morning. Fears that he has been in 'a fool's paradise of laziness and self-indulgence for years past.' Discusses human interaction, and expresses his happiness he feels at the sight of Sidgwick's writing. Refers to his work, and repeats that he has been 'intensely lazy and self-pleasing for years past'. Of the rest of his life he says 'everything is very nice', and declares it 'a great piece of luck' to be within reach of Sidgwick's brother [William?] and sister. Reports that he dined with them on Wednesday and Friday, and that the last time [Henry Weston?] Eve was there also. Relates that '[t]he boys came Thursday', and that he stayed in town a day longer than he intended to 'in order to spend an evening with Temple at Palgrave's.' Claims to have been very impressed by the former. Refers to his '[ ] personal influence at Rugby', and observes that he has 'an antique simplicity and directness about him'. Reports that Eve 'has brought himself to a state in which he can be perfectly unconscious and yet apparently devout the whole time.' Recounts that on week days they are about forty-five minutes in Chapel, and on Sundays about two hours, and claims that on the day of writing he took the Communion, but 'came away with a stronger conviction than ever that this pale reflection of the bloody rites of antiquity is quite out of date, and has no longer any meaning at all for a generation which is rapidly learning science and forgetting the meaning of the word sin.' Discusses his colleagues, including Fisher, Carr, Griffith, Penny, Stanwell, Spurling and Collet. Of Eve he says that '[i]t is absolutely a byword against him that he reads Miles.' Informs Sidgwick that the Modern School has been remodelled, and that he [Payne] is second Master in it, having now severed the last link that bound him to Classics. Declares that Sidgwick's brother-in-law [Edward White Benson] 'is more a ritualist' than he had thought, and that 'his whole [Wesen] reminds [him] a good deal of Kingsbury, in spite of the obvious differences.' Declares that he never believes a doctrine is dead because it ought to be, and that he agrees with Mill about the English Dictionary. Asks Sidgwick to remember him 'to the assembled brethren', and remember him in private very affectionately to Jackson. Would like the latter to write him 'a gossipy letter'. Claims to be very curious to see Jebb's article, and asks Sidgwick for another letter soon.

Payne, John Burnell (1838-1869) clergyman and art critic

Letter from Arthur Sidgwick to Nora Sidgwick.

Has been away to see the Robertsons; is now 'in a rush of politics.' Is coming to Cambridge the following day, but will probably be unable to do much. Has written to H. G. D[akyns] about Frank Vivian, and undertakes to send Nora his reply when it comes. Encloses 'the "Scope and Method" ' [not included]. In relation to the date of the establishment of the Ad Eundem [Society], states that his records go back only as far as 1868 when Jackson was elected, but that his diary shows that he attended an Ad Eundem dinner on 9 June 1866.

Sidgwick, Arthur (1840–1920), educationist and classical scholar

Letter from J.R. Mozley to J.B. Mayor

Thanks Mayor for returning his MS. Claims that if he had been confident enough in his memory to serve Mayor's or Nora Sidgwick's purpose regarding 'the philosophical discussions at Trumpington' he would have answered him before. Is confused about dates, but states that he has little doubt that he first went to Professor Grote's house to listen to, and occasionally read, philosophical papers in the October term of 1863. States that the only other people who attended these meetings at this time were Henry Sidgwick, 'John Venn of Caius, and Pearson of St John's'. Describes the attributes of each of those who attended, and remarks that Sidgwick obviously preferred ethics to metaphysics, and recalls [Professor] Alfred Marshall emphasising his admiration of this side of Sidgwick very soon after he made his acquaintance. Refers to Sidgwick's opinion of Kant and Hegel, and to the intuitionalism 'which in the end he united with his utilitarianism'. Is uncertain as to whether he gave any measure of assent to the first fundametal proposition of 'Ferrier's Institutes of Metaphysics'

Wishes that he could remember more of the actual papers that Sidgwick read to the Philosophical Society, which was, after Grote's death, called the Grote Society, but has the impression that 'they were tentatives towards the kind of line which he afterwards took in the Methods of Ethics'. Refers also to Sidgwick's attitude to metaphysics. Believes that J.S. Mill was the philosopher whom he always admired and trusted the most. Holds, however, that he changed his view of Mill between 1863 and 1873, citing his reaction to Mill's Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy, and to Fitzjames Stephen's attack on Mill in Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.

Refers to Grote's view of ethics and metaphysics, and to his Treatise on the Moral Ideals, and to the similarities between him and Sidgwick. Refers also to other members of the society, such as Henry Jackson and Maurice. Recalls Sidgwick's good opinion of Venn, who was a great admirer of Mill, and names other members of the society, such as W. K. Clifford and T. W. Levin. Recalls also that when he [Mozley] went to Clifton in September 1864, Sidgwick wrote to somebody, referring to him as 'the first original a priori philosopher that has trod the streets of Cambridge for many a day'. Does not think that Herbert Spencer was ever a great favourite in the society, but had himself a great respect for him 'as the founder of the theory of evolution.' Adds that when 'the old crow, who could count up to five, but not beyond, once came before the Grote Society', Sidgwick 'was unkind enough to doubt his existence' and none of the rest of them could give evidence for him.

Mozley, John Rickards (1840-1931) educator and mathematician

J. M. E. McTaggart: college stories

Trinity College stories gathered by McTaggart from Henry Jackson and others, numbered and arranged by date from 1896 to 1922. Following the main grouping of stories are light verses related to College matters by James Clerk Maxwell, J. P. Postgate, F. M. Cornford, Kennedy, and J. K. Stephen, and a cutting of a poem about William Whewell by [Tom Taylor?]; printed obituaries of William Hepworth Thompson, a letter from James Mayo dated 20 Jan. 1905, and two letters from Henry Jackson dated 8-9 Oct. 1879.

McTaggart, John McTaggart Ellis (1866-1925) philosopher

Letter from Henry Jackson to J. G. Frazer

Sunnyhill, St Stephen's Road, Bournemouth - Thanks him for the first section of the GB, and congratulates both him and Mrs Frazer, for he knows 'how eagerly she watches all that you do'; asks him to attend section II of the British Academy on the 22nd to ensure a quorum for [A. E.] Housman's nomination, in view of the recent deaths of [John] Peile, [John] Mayor, [Samuel] Butcher.

Postcard from Henry Jackson to J. G. Frazer

Is beginning to think about anthropology and disease; is looking forward to Apollodorus, and appreciate the gift, is planning journey from Cambridge to Bournemouth by motor. Signed C.J. [Cicely Jackson?] (for) Henry Jackson. Postcard is addressed in Frazer's hand and carries a note at the top 'Please send Apollodorus to Trinity, Please do not send Apollodorus to Trinity' with the second line crossed out. At top in red ink in Frazer's hand: 'last note from Henry Jackson'.

William Hepworth Thompson: a notebook of miscellanea, copies of a lecture on Euripides in 1857, and the printed sale catalogue of his library

Three separate groups of material:

  • An unbound notebook of miscellaneous items, which includes a dialogue between Plato and Paley, with various drawings, parts of poems and complete poems by William Wordsworth and Percy Bysshe Shelley, and a hand-drawn calendar listing plays printed in England in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • 5 copies of a pamphlet headed “Euripides (A lecture delivered in 1857)” signed W. H. T. at the end in wrappers, including one inscribed to H. Jackson and another to Professor Badham, with Thompson's corrections, and another with a note on the front indicating that it was to be revised and submitted to the Journal of Philology, with 13 copies of the offprints from that journal, vol. XI
  • Catalogue of the valuable library of the Rev. W. H. Thompson, D.D., deceased…which will be sold by auction, by Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge…on the 23rd of May, 1887 & the three days following. London, [1887]. With annotations throughout by an unidentified person.

Thompson, William Hepworth (1810-1886), college head

Letter from G. F. Browne to Henry Sidgwick

Writes in relation to a statement, for which he claims he was individually responsible, relating to the question of the removal of the obligation to study Greek in order to enter Cambridge University. States that he had thought of sending round 'a quiet fly sheet after the vote, explaining that [the] statement about "no evidence" was not a contradiction of the expression of opinion which Jackson quoted', but he felt that Sidgwick's statement 'that it was a misrepresentation which Jackson had exploded, a complete stop to any public action.' Claims that the statement, which he and others signed 'has been for long a mere common-place on [their] side' and that Dr. Westcott made it in his speech in October 1880. Claims that neither Westcott nor he could find any evidence at able students were excluded because of the requirement of Greek. Assures that the large sheet of paper on which he writes the letter is not an indication of formality. Claims that he is not copying it, and sends it to Sidgwick 'in all friendliness.'

Browne, George Forrest (1833-1930) Bishop of Bristol

Letter from Mary Sidgwick to Henry Sidgwick

Thanks him for his last letter, and explains that she could not answer before leaving Rugby for Wellington College. Reports that Arthur went to Cambridge for the Fellowship Examination, the result of which is probably not to be known until the following Friday. States that his chances of success are increased by Mr [Joseph?] Romilly's death. Adds that Mr [J. L.?] Hammond came to Rugby to take his work for the week. Reports that William spent a few days with his Aunt, and then came to Wellington College. Thinks that he is better.

Reports that the family at the College are well, and that Edward is looking 'quite portly', and Minnie 'stout and strong', and the children, Martin, Arthur and the baby [Nellie], healthy also, having benefitted from their time at the sea at Swanage. Announces that she is to stay there longer than she had intended, and that if he decides to go home to Rugby he will find a bed, but will not see her. Suggests that if there was space at Wellington College he could come there.

Expresses her delight at his promise of the stamps of the German states, and states that her little friend will be very pleased. Refers also to the stamped envelopes which Henry wants for Miss [Meta?] Benfey.

14 Oct: Refers to Henry's letter from Lille. Reports that Arthur got his fellowship, as have [Henry] Jackson and [William Knyvet] Wilson, and that she is delighted for Arthur. States that William returns to Oxford that day, and that at Merton there is a fourth tutor, 'which will make the work less hard for him.' Reports that at Rugby they are still in the old house, and may have to wait until the following summer to get Mrs Leicester's house. Refers to the letter that Dr Temple sent to the Masters, and reports that it caused great discussion in Rugby. Discusses the matter, adding that letters 'are often appearing in the Rugby Advertizer recommending a speedy and thorough ventilation of the whole subject.' Explains that doctors and lawyers don't like the mixture of their class with the trades people, and so could not avail themselves of the proposed middle school, and that 'they want to retain the privilege of Foundation, and send their children to the other school free of charge.' Thinks that she may benefit from the fact that houses are not letting so well, and get a cheaper house.

Is grateful for the stamps, and is trying to get those which his friends want. Asks whether she should send the stamps to Fraulein Benfey or to him. Hopes that he will take Professor Ewald's advice and go on with studying Hebrew. Thinks of trying German herself. Hopes that he will come home as soon as he can at the end of term, for otherwise he will not see Arthur. Reports that Edward and Minnie are both plump and well, and that the former is in the midst of his scholarship examinations. Refers also to the children, who 'grow apace'. Reports on the progress of the Master's house in Rugby.

Reports that his Aunt [Lace] has been to Scarborough and is now near York, and that she seems 'so weak in bodily health'. Hopes for a recovery, however, for the sake of her husband and children. Intends to be at Wellington College for about another fortnight, and then will go back to Rugby or to Brighton. Claims to be better than she was, and able to do more and walk more. Asks him to let him know as soon as he gets to Cambridge. Announces that Mr Martin arrives the following day and will stay for a fortnight. Reports that Alfred Sidgwick is now at the Schoolhouse and likes it very much, and that all the 'Elders' of the Sidgwick family were well when she last heard.

Sidgwick, Mary (d 1879), mother of Henry Sidgwick

Letter from Duncan Crookes Tovey to R. C. Trevelyan

Worplesdon Rectory, Guildford. - Don [Donald Tovey] has been 'on one of his very fugitive visits' and read Trevelyan's "Ariadne" ["The Bride of Dionysus"], which gave them so much pleasure that Tovey is writing to tell Trevelyan. Is sure that Trevelyan and Donald's joint work [on the opera] will be 'epochmaking in the history of English history and music'. Only has criticism of the 'most pedantic kind', which he will not bother to write; if the public can stand the Wagnerian legend for the sake of the music, they should really appreciate 'what is truly classical in the best sense'. Encourages Trevelyan to visit, as he promised after they had 'deposited [Henry?] Jackson at the Charing Cross Hotel after that miraculous & bewildering ride in the motor omnibus'. A postscript asks whether [Thomas Babington] Macauley did indeed call Versailles 'a huge heap of littleness'; is sure he did, following [Thomas] Gray's use of a phrase from [Alexander] Pope; invites Trevelyan to see 'how minute [he is] becoming or become'. Also asks Trevelyan whether he is aware that the Arthurian legend exists in Scotland, and that at Meigle in Perthshire 'they show you the tomb of Queen Wander' who was pulled apart by wild horses 'for nae gude that she did', and Wander is Guinevere [see Gray, '"Works" (1825) vol II p. 274].

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Much appreciates Elizabeth's present, which is also admired by Aunt Annie [Philiips], 'such a specialist in gifts'. Originally enclosing a 'beautiful letter [from George: see 46/280] about [Henry] Jackson's funeral' for her and Bob to see; encourages her to think of the corner in the cemetery where Jebb and Jackson are buried, men who let their fame rest on their scholarship and did not 'court a pseudo reputation by trifling with sensational and paradoxical matters'. They are enjoying the visits of Aunt Anna and Audrey Trevelyan, 'a fine creature'.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Grand Hotel de la Cloche, Dijon. - Glad to hear from Robert about [Henry] Jackson and Vernon Lushington, and about the reading at Harrow; good that it 'is so much out of Macaulay'. Has just finished Cicero's "Tusculan Disputations", and likes him increasingly; he 'supplies a need' which, at Sir George's current age, no-one else does. Liked Robert's article in the "Review'. Had a very interesting evening at Geneva: always thinks that the 'most wonderful combination of young genius... without an atom of pretention' was when Byron, Shelley, Mary Godwin, and [Claire Clairemont] were living on Lake Geneva [in 1816]; mentions 'amusing' letters from Byron to Hobhouse; he and Caroline were allowed to see all over the Villa Diodati since the occupants were away; Caroline has sketched both the Villa and Shelley's house nearby. It was as interesting as Keats's and the Brawnes' villa at Hampstead, but much more beautiful. Will be home on Saturday.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Caroline Trevelyan

[On headed notepaper for the Harrow Philathletic Club; 'Trinity' added in pencil]: - People are now beginning to go down: Cambridge is 'becoming much quieter', and he is 'rather glad to be able to stay up until next Friday'. Will come home then, and go to Tunbridge Wells on the following day [to see his aunt Anna Maria Philips, and Sophie Wicksteed]. Asks when they are likely to go abroad: he supposes 'as soon as Georgie comes home'. There are no more lectures, but he will go to Lendrum [a coach] once more; thinks he will continue to see him next term, as he 'learn[s] a great deal from him'.

Several people are coming up from Harrow tomorrow 'to pass [their] matriculation', including Tommy [Macaulay] Booth and [J.W.?] Sandilands. Robert is going to pay all his bills this term, including his kitchen bill; will then be able to 'see more or less what the term has cost'. Thinks Charlie is well, though has 'not seen him much for a day or two'. He himself has had a cold, but it is 'almost gone now'.

Hopes 'all is going well in politics', but they [the Liberals] 'can afford to have a few reverses after London'. The Magpie and Stump debating society dinner 'was a great success after the election [of the new President]': Verrall and Ja[c]kson were there, and it 'was not too rowdy'. Lord Herschell's meeting was also a success, though Robert was 'a little disappointed in his speech'. Hopes his parents are well.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Sir George Trevelyan

8 Grosvenor Crescent, S. W. [London] :- Thanks his parents for their last letter; they are in town again, as Bessie needs to go to rehearsals for her last concert [with Arnold Dolmetsch] on Wednesday. The concerts have 'gone of very well so far', though Robert was unable to attend the last one since it was on the 'evening of the [Apostles?] dinner'. Henry Jackson made a 'very nice speech', as did 'Judge Lushington, who was the oldest of those present'.

They lunched at North Street last week and thought Charles and Molly looked 'very happy, and their house very nice'. They went to Harrow last Saturday to see the [F. E.?] Marshalls and had a 'very pleasant time there'; they went to the 'Speech room' in the evening 'to hear the final reading for the reading prize' which was 'very amusing', though they 'did not think the standard very high'. 'Young [James?] Butler, who must be about 15 or 16, was promising' though did not yet have 'sufficient command of his voice'; he is said to be 'quite a good scholar, and looks a nice boy'. The winner read Joy for his chosen piece. The Lower School had to read the 'description of William at the Boyne [from Macaulay]; but they did not make much of it'. Also saw Sir Arthur Hort, who is 'mainly responsible for [the] first fifteen boys'; believes he is 'doing very well', and there have certainly been more scholarships awarded to Harrow boys over the last few years. Very sad they have 'thought it necessary to dry up the Grove pond'; supposes it was a 'great nuisance and expense'.

They hope to see Sir George before long, and also that Caroline will come to Dorking around the end of the month.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Bob's mother is reading the "Oresteia" with 'the interest of one to whom Aeschylus has hitherto only been a name', and is 'greatly impressed' with Bob's translation. Bob's contact with the plays must be a 'memorable epoch'. Notes that Bob is reading 'or following' [Plato's] "Republic"; it is at least 'two generations of human life' since he himself read it., and he is now revisiting it; [Henry] Jackson 'charged' him to read it all, and [Thomas] Macaulay 'read it twice through in two years, and relished it keenly'. Sir George 'cannot like it', though he likes many of Plato's dialogues and has read some three or four, even five or six times 'this century'; finds the "Republic" 'much harder reading'. He and Caroline 'delight in Julian's Christmas drawings', and send Bob and his family warmest Christmas wishes.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Sir George Trevelyan

The Shiffolds, Holmbury, St. Mary, Dorking. - Bessie was 'very pleased' with his father's letter [11/184], and 'gratified' that he finds her 'little present a success'; she asks Robert to return George's letter [about Henry Jackson's funeral], which they 'both read with great interest'. Robert adds a cutting from the M[anchester] Guardian'. Had not seen [Jackson] for some years, but 'of all my elders his personal presence would be the most impossible to forget. It is perhaps by his voice that I most vividly remember him', which 'more even than his eyes and gestures... for me at least, expressed what was finest and most loveable in his nature'.

The hot weather continues; it is 'well over 70 degrees [F] in the shade, even here on Leith Hill'.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Sends Robert something from Withers; the affair [of Florence Trevelyan's will] is coming to an end, at least as regards the 'spavined post-horse of Newcastle' [Philipson the lawyer?]. Has been reading the Greek lyric poets in Bergk again; uses Robert's 'eight-paged letter of April 9, 1900' as a marker and refers to it 'constantly', as he does to Henry Jackson's letter in his Plato. Robert and Bessy must be very happy with their son. Wishes spring would come; Caroline will not get properly well until the weather changes. They are stopping at Welcombe until Thursday afternoon; enjoyed their weekend visit from Charles and Mary. Mary is so fond of Elizabeth.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - An 'enviable description of the Azalea Paradise of dear Theodore's' [Robin Ghyll?]. Forgets how long the flowers last; they have stayed in one place this year long enough to have 'an idea of the transitoriness of flowers'; likes the 'little veronicas' increasingly. Has been seeing much of [Cecil] Knight, the head of the grammar school [King Edward VI School, Stratford]; his 'type is a very high one indeed'; he was at Pembroke College and greatly admired some 'Harrow men' who would have been Robert's contemporaries, Law and Prior. Has been reading much Plato after his recent 'great bout of Latin', and has had some 'wonderfully interesting letters from [Henry] Jackson', about Plato and himself, which Sir George finds just as interesting; he has sent him the 'Proelections' read in the Senate for the candidates for the [Cambridge] Greek Professorship in 1906: Jackson himself; Verrall; Adam, Headlam; Ridgeway. Caroline is well and strong, for her.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Glad to hear Robert is recovering; eager to hear he is quite well. '[V]ery pretty about the theatricals, and about Bessy "not knowing"'. Has begun to re-read Plato, starting with the "Meno" which was particularly recommended to him by Jackson in the 'wonderful letter' he has pasted into the Bekker Uncle Tom [Macaulay] gave him. Thinks Plato is the Greek author he reads most easily; has an 'extraordinary ideal, elevating, effect' on him. Will read the "Euthyphro" at Wallington this summer, for the fourth time, then the "Apology", "Crito", and "Phaedo"; will read the "Republic" if he lives another year. Has now finished reading Aristophanes"; liked the "Ecclesiazusae' less than the other plays. Glad Robert has the pigs [?] since he has someone to look after them.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Is not writing much now, but must reply to Robert's letter [46/307]; drove as far as the garden yesterday, and saw Whitley and the carriage for the first time in a month; has felt well enough this last week to return to his Greek, and has been reading in the last book of Thucydides of what Jackson calls the 'Whig Revolution' at Athens, though 'Antiphon and his myrmidons were a queer sort of Whigs'; does not know how anyone can doubt this book is by Thucydides. George has just left to visit the Walter] Runcimans, and Janet for the funeral of 'Aunt Fanny', the 'last survivor of Doctor Arnold's family'. Very interested to hear what Robert is reading with Julian; looks forward to hearing about [Diogenes] Laertius and Athenaeus.

Copy letter from Henry Jackson to J. G. Frazer

Maura, Dean Park Road, Bournemouth. Dated 21 March, 1896 - Congratulates him on his engagement; assures him there has been no coldness this term or ever, he has been busy: his brother Arthur died in December and he has been caught up in matters of his estate, and that of his father-in-law [Francis Vansittart Thornton], who died nearly a year ago.

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