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William Whewell to Richard Jones

Trinity College - When will RJ be coming to vote for Cavendish [William Cavendish], could he also bring any of his work on wages so they can concoct an application to the Cambridge press syndicate? WW has had another letter from Mrs Young which appears to authorize him to negotiate with Peacock [George Peacock to work on a biography of Thomas Young].

Copy letter from A. S. Hoyle to Arthur Sidgwick.

Reports that he has just finished reading Arthur Sidgwick's biography of Henry Sidgwick, which, he claims, 'had a purifying and ennobling influence' on his heart. Explains that he is a Methodist preacher, and does not have the same attitude to Christianity as Henry Sidgwick had, but asserts that the latter 'found his abiding place on earth in it. Compares the effect of the book on him to that which he experience on reading, as a young man, the biography of Charles Kingsley. Adds that he lived in Oxford not long before, and claims to have known Arthur Sidgwick's face on the street, and so read the book for his sake.

Letter from Leslie Stephen to Henry Sidgwick

Expresses his eagerness to write in honour of Darwin [on the occasion of the publication of Francis Darwin's Life and Letters of Charles Darwin], but envisages some difficulties, viz., the papers, including the Times, being so full of Darwin 'from every point of view' that it will be difficult 'to make one's voice heard.' Presumes that [J. T. ?] Knowles and others have already arranged for reviews. Refers to Darwin's own autobiography, and suggests that any review should merely say 'read it'. Remarks that F[rancis] Darwin 'may be quite sure that the book has intrinsic interest enough to dispense with any [puffing] or interpreting.' Undertakes to read the book at once, and consider what he can do. Complains of '[t]hat accursed dictionary [of National Biography]', which he describes as a treadmill, but claims that he is getting into a sort of routine, which will give him time to do other things. Claims that he is always trying to get to Cambridge to see his boy [his step-son George Duckworth] there, but doesn't often succeed; hopes to be there one day during the term, and promises to make an effort to see Sidgwick. Expresses his [and Mrs Stephen's) gladness that [Arthur?] Balfour is convalescing.

Stephen, Sir Leslie (1832-1904) Knight, author

Letter from Ellen Darwin to Henry Sidgwick

Hopes that Sidgwick will not be bored to receive a letter from Switzerland, 'as Frank's mother always was.' Tells him of the great pleasure that she derived from reading the novel he recommended to her, The Confounding of Camelia by Alan Douglas Sedgwick [1899]. Discusses the latter and its characters. Expresses her concern for Sidgwick's health; that his 'indigestion discomforts still continue.' Remarks that 'out here [in Switzerland]', she only gets 'the silliest novels to read' and is disappointed that she cannot read 'such silly ones as Miss Harrison'. Refers to John McCunn The Making of Character. Some Aspects of Ethics [1900], the author of which 'quotes too much poetry sometimes'. Announces that they are going to Venice 'when Frank comes here in about a fortnight'.

Darwin, Ellen Wordsworth (1856-1903) fellow of Newnham College and lecturer in English literature

Letter from Sir Henry Maine to Henry Sidgwick

Thanks Sidgwick for his letter. Reports that since they saw each other at Cambridge he has been reading the statutes of the [Whewell] International Law Professorship, and he believes that 'the founder of the Professorship contemplated the Professor being [ ] engaged in non-academical pursuits.' States however that his intentions regarding the India Office 'are independent of any question raised by Dr Whewell's will.' Believes that it would be 'extremely wrong' that any public servant should hold a seat on the Indian Council as well as two academic offices, viz., the Mastership of Trinity Hall and the International Professorship, and states that if he were to be appointed to the latter, he would resign from the Indian Council as soon as he could. His perception of the situation is that the electors, having surveyed the field of candidates, came to the conclusion that there was no one to be preferred to Maine, he would be invited to apply for the position. Suggests that it would be enough if he authorised Sidgwick to declare him a candidate; assures him that he is 'not for a moment suggesting that' Sidgwick vote for him. Asks him to let him know the result by telegraph when the election is over.

Maine, Sir Henry James Sumner (1822-1888) Knight, jurist

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to his mother

Reports that the authorities at Trinity College have offered him the post of 'Lecturer on Moral Sciences' at £200 a year, on the understanding that he repudiate all dogmatic obligations. Intends to resign his fellowship. Reports that he has had a conversation with [Bishop] Lightfoot about his situation, and announces that he has been 'partly determined by his advice not to secede from the Church of England.' Discusses his position with regard to his beliefs, including his attitude towards the Apostles' Creed. Asks her to show the letter to Arthur. Admits to be very glad to be 'free from the anxiety of weighing pros and cons.' Mentions that his income will be seriously reduced, but that he shall have much more than enough to live on.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to F.W.H. Myers

Claims to find Myers' verses 'very moving'. Goes on to list his objections in relation to its content. With regard to Sir B[ ], thinks it would be undignified to make an obvious effort to [ ] him, 'unless through some one who knows him personally.'

Richard Jones to William Whewell

RJ has been seized with one of his 'fits of sinful non-writing'. On behalf of two different people RJ has been asked to write to WW requesting favours for their respective sons. Robert Peel's speech last night has I think quenched his reputation as a statesman for ever - on looking attentively at the speech you will see that two very distinct objects pressed on him last autumn which he has fused violently...The first the state of Ireland - which required efficient - prompt nay instant measures. He does not take them even when his submissive cabinet came back - though he holds out now any delay in opening the Irish ports to Rice[,] Maize and Oats as almost a crime'. This emergency 'forces on him a conviction that a general review of our commercial and fiscal system, more especially of the corn laws is wise - if not essential - granted - this surely is an operation which both from its nature and from the expectations and temper of his own party required deliberation temper full investigation tact. But he who has neglected the emergency seems to have done so only that he might preserve it whole to use as an argument for making the great change of commercial policy abrupt[,] harsh and not merely distasteful but so odious and apparently so unfair and in the eyes of his surprised friends that all the advantages[,] preparation and persuasion might have given him in the great undertaking are gone. The argument that because there is a temporary dearth of potatoes in Ireland there must be an instant permanent and entire change in the system of England as to wheat for instance is absurd. He might as well attempt to feed the Irish on turtle soup as on wheat'. RJ thinks 'it just possible that with rational management he might have conciliated and kept together the greater part of his party and attained all it was wise to attempt at once. For till now no one ever thought it possible to change in a day a system complicated by colonial maritime and fiscal regulation for really free trade. In fact he has not fairly interpreted it and for that I do not blame him. He has attempted a larger step than he shewed in his circumstances I am well convinced'. The whole public horizon looks gloomy. The House of Lords 'will either throw the bill out or change it in committee - there must come a dissolution which all say will bring in parties too nearly balanced for either of them to conduct the government - and no one pretends to see what next'. However RJ thinks the measures themselves were in the right direction: 'I heartily wish I saw any chance of their gradual and wholesome progress - I see none. If after the coming struggle they pass in their present shape the unusual demand neated by the railway expenditure which more than equals our late war expenditure at home, may ward off a share of evil for a time and to the adjustments which take place during that time we must look for our best chance of escaping with institutions and property - unsmashed - It is well to have this ray and hope'.

Letter from F. E. Kitchener to Henry Sidgwick

Acknowledges receipt of Sidgwick's letter 'in the middle of furniture vans and debris', and explains that he has only just got out of it to [Staffordshire]. Adds that he is 'cut off from books and mem[ ] of all kinds.' Sets out several table relating to his school at Newcastle, giving the number of hours per week dedicated to various subjects, including science, mathematics, Greek, Latin, German and English. Emphasises that the information comes from his memory. Explains the significance of taking studying certain subjects, e.g., 'the Scientific boy cannot afford time to take German as his Extra Language because he has now to take Greek for Littlego, etc.'

Claims that he does not feel strongly about the study of science, and thinks the amount studied as part of the boys' general education should be small, and should be largely increased when they begin to specialise. States that he would not teach it 'to boys who are to have a clerical education'. Refers also to the education given to boys aged from eight to twelve. Claims that if one had to choose between teaching chemistry and physics, one must choose the former, 'just as you must teach French rather than German and Latin rather than Greek...altho' educationally German is better than French and Greek than Latin.' Offers to answer any further questions that Sidgwick may have.

Explains that he is very busy with matters relating to his school, which he must attend to before handing over to his successor. Hopes to have the worst over about three weeks hence.

Kitchener, Francis Elliot (1838-1915) Headmaster Newcastle High School, Newcastle-under-Lyme

William Whewell to Richard Jones

Trinity College - WW 'was greatly indignant at the democrats pretending to make out that it was impendent for the ends of truth and national prosperity that their dogmas on the subject should be disseminated wide and thick, but if you will make haste and give them a second of the true doctrine it will no doubt be much better than any attempt to poke them down by detached arguments' [the intended sequel to RJ's work on rent was wages]. RJ will probably have WW's article in the Quarterly Review: 'I think I have given you a more scanty pittance than I needed to have done. But I was afraid that if I begun at all to talk in the strain which would have expressed my own views and feelings I should lose the confidence both of my editor and my reader, and be looked on as a mere personal friend'. WW likes RJ's 'aspirations after a reform or at any rate a trial in the way of reviewing for ourselves'. He has 'a strong conviction that taking such a line of moral philosophy, political economy, and science, as I suppose we should, we might partly find and partly form a school which would be considerable in influence of the best kind'.

Card from Arthur Sidgwick to Nora Sidgwick

Returns letters [written about Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir; not included], and states that they are all very gratifying. Reminds Nora that 'of the pleasure and the praise 601/633 (exactly)' is hers. Remarks that those by 'ACB[enson], GOT, [James?] Ward, [Sir George] Young, and Tennyson were all good to read, and of course Cornish.' Says that he knew about William Sidgwick of Skipton having given evidence before the Faculty Committee [see 103/94], but that it was outside his drama. Has some duplicates of hers and a few more, and undertakes to send them to her when they reach 'a batch'. Note added in red ink saying that for real criticism they must wait for 'the unbribed Reviewer', but that 'it is a great thing to please the old friends'.

Sidgwick, Arthur (1840–1920), educationist and classical scholar

Letter from Arthur [Lyttelton], Bishop of Southampton to Nora Sidgwick

Did not wish to write to her at once [after the death of Henry Sidgwick], but now as she has returned to England, writes to tell her how deeply he feels his loss. Since Henry first taught him thirty years previously he was a great influence to him both in intellectual matters and 'practical matters of conduct and wisdom, considerateness, unselfishness, and resolute impartiality....' Expresses his gratitude for having had so many opportunities of conversation 'with so noble a character.' Adds how entirely [his wife] Kathleen feels with him, and how deeply she has been sympathising with Nora throughout the period since Henry's death.

Lyttelton, Arthur Temple (1852-1903) Suffragan Bishop of Southampton

Letter from Horace Darwin to J. G. Frazer

The Orchard, Huntingdon Road, Cambridge - Encloses a copy of Miss [Eliza, known as Lisa] Stillman's letter to himself. Her letter is from 2 The Residences, S. Kensington Museum, dated 12 June - Conveys the news that Dr Middleton died on the 10th and gives information on funeral arrangements.

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