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Baynes, Thomas Spencer (1823-1887) editor of Encyclopedia Britannica
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Letter from Alexander Stewart to Henry Sidgwick

Refers to a conversation between himself and Sidgwick in Aberdeen, at the close of a meeting of the 'Economical Section' about the re-publication in a separate form of Sidgwick's article 'Ethics' in the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Explains that the Church of Scotland has four committees, one for each of the four universities, for the examination of students entering the Divinity Halls. The text book in Moral Philosophy since the committees were first appointed has been Fleming's Manual [of Moral Philosophy], but when Sidgwick's article appeared Stewart believed that it offered what was required as a substitute for the Manual, which had proved to be unsatisfactory for the purpose, and he spoke to Professor Baynes about asking Sidgwick to publish separately. Now writes a semi-formal letter, which had been suggested by Sidgwick when they met in Aberdeen. Reports that since that meeting he has communicated with conveners and members of the four committees, and that they are prepared to adopt it as their text-book in Moral Philosophy if Sidgwick would be willing to republish it in a form and at a price somewhat similar to those of [Jevon's] Elementary Lessons on Logic. Claims that 'the moderate size yet comprehensiveness' of Sidgwick's article, and the space devoted in it to Greek and English Ethics, and especially to the influence of Christianity, makes it suitable for the purposes of the committee. Suggests that there are probably other examining bodies who would be glad of such a book. Is unaware of what the Boards of the Free and United Presbyterian Churches do in regard to this matter. Offers to open up communications with them. Reports that the name of the text-book to be used at the examinations in October must be inserted in the Mission Record for April. Asks Sidgwick to let him know whether he would be agreeable to the above proposal, and whether he could have the answer back by April 'or so soon thereafter' as to justify their publishing it in the April edition of the Mission Record.

Stewart, Alexander (d 1915) Principal of St Andrews University

Letter from Augustus De Morgan

7 Camden Street, Camden - Whewell is to receive a copy of De Morgan's paper on logic. He has Sir William Hamilton's system of logic in the work of Hamilton's pupil, Thomas S. Baynes, An Essay on the New Analytic of Logical Forms. The requisites of this essay made the foundation of Hamilton's charge on him of intellectual theft. He and Boole come in for a lecture against meddling with logic with help of mathematics. He asks Whewell to read it and inform him 'if these things will strike others as being as monstrous as they do me' De Morgan will next look at 'the relation between the laws of enunciation and the laws of thought', and reminds WW of their former discussion on enunciation.

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Spencer Baynes

Announces that he would like to undertake 'the article on Ethics' [for the Encyclopaedia Britannica], as Baynes suggests, but before deciding wishes to see the article on Aesthetics, and also to know how much space would be allowed to his article. Adds that he does not know how the question of copyright would stand with regard to such an article. Explains that he is anxious to write over the next year or two 'an outline history of ethics', and would not like to impair his freedom to do this.

Sidgwick, Henry (1838–1900), philosopher

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to Spencer Baynes

States that he will be very glad to undertake the article on ethics [for the Encyclopædia Britannica] 'on a plan very similar to that of Mr S[ully]'s "Aesthetics".' Refers to its possible length and states that he believes that it will be ready by September. Asks to have about one hundred copies of it for private use with his class at Cambridge.

Sidgwick, Henry (1838–1900), philosopher

Letter from Henry Sidgwick to [Spencer Baynes]

Is much gratified by what Baynes says about his article on ethics [for the Encyclopædia Britannica]. Explains that there may be some small mistakes in it, due to pressures of work. Mentions his wish to publish the article in an enlarged form. States that he would not like to undertake any more work immediately, but will be very willing to do so 'in some later number of the Encyclopædia', and suggests politics, utilitarianism or Socrates as possible topics.

Sidgwick, Henry (1838–1900), philosopher

Letter from Augustus De Morgan to J. W. Lubbock

90 G.S. - Asks for his opinion on different modes of expression in treating the Differential Calculus. Amongst other examples, he points out 'we cannot talk of total partial diff: coeff: Would complete partial diff: coeff: do?' Thanks him for his book on comets, and notes that the tides are yet undone.