Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Dates of existence

        1902-1982

        History

        Richard Austen Butler was born at Attock in the Punjab on 9 December 1902, the son of Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler, Indian Civil Servant and later Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge. He attended Marlborough School whence he won an exhibition to Pembroke College Cambridge. Firsts in Modern and Medieval Languages and in History led to a Fellowship at Corpus Christi College, but Butler decided on a Parliamentary career and was elected to the seat of Saffron Walden, a constituency that he served until his retirement from Parliament in 1965. His first office was as Under-Secretary in Samuel Hoare's India Office, a post that he held from 1932 to 1937. This was followed on the accession of Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister by a stint in the Ministry of Labour and in 1938 he was moved to be Secretary of State in the Foreign Office under Halifax. In 1941, Churchill moved him to be Minister of Education, where he piloted through the 1944 Education Act which bears his name.
        Following the defeat of the Conservatives in 1945 Butler was made Chairman of the Conservative Research Department, and set about reforging Party policy, promoting moderate Conservative ideas. His position was central to much post-war Conservative thinking and he retained it until 1964. From 1951 to 1955 he was an able Chancellor of the Exchequer and from 1957-62 Home Secretary, where he beat off opposition from the pro-corporal punishment wing of the party to push through a new Criminal Justice Act. In 1962 he took control of the new Central Africa Department, where his considerable skill at negotiation produced some unlikely results. In the Labour victory of 1964 Butler held his seat, but he left politics in 1965 on being offered the Mastership of Trinity College and a life peerage. He held the Mastership until 1977, when statute dictated that he step down. He died in 1982.

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        Butler, Anne Gertrude (1876-1954), née Smith, wife of Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler (1876-1954)

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        family

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        Butler, Anne Gertrude (1876-1954), née Smith, wife of Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler is the parent of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Butler, Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes (1873-1952), administrator in India and college head (1873-1952)

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        family

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        Butler, Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes (1873-1952), administrator in India and college head is the parent of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Butler, Sir Richard Clive (1929–2012), farmer (1929–2012)

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        family

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        Butler, Sir Richard Clive (1929–2012), farmer is the child of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Butler, Sir Adam Courtauld (1931-2008) MP (1931-2008)

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        family

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        Butler, Sir Adam Courtauld (1931-2008) MP is the child of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Butler, John Perceval (1913-1943), RAF officer (1913-1943)

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        family

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        Butler, John Perceval (1913-1943), RAF officer is the sibling of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Middleton, Dorothy (1909-1999), writer and geographer (1909-1999)

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        family

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        Middleton, Dorothy (1909-1999), writer and geographer is the sibling of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Portal, Iris Mary (1905-2002), author (1905-2002)

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        family

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        Portal, Iris Mary (1905-2002), author is the sibling of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Butler, Sydney Elizabeth (1902-1954), wife of R. A. Butler (1902-1954)

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        family

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        Butler, Sydney Elizabeth (1902-1954), wife of R. A. Butler is the spouse of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Butler, Mollie (1907-2009), wife of Augustine Courtauld and Richard Austen Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden (1907-2009)

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        family

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        Butler, Mollie (1907-2009), wife of Augustine Courtauld and Richard Austen Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden is the spouse of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Macpherson, Walter Dugald (1901-1991), solicitor (1901-1991)

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        family

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        Macpherson, Walter Dugald (1901-1991), solicitor is the cousin of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Richards, Audrey Isabel (1899-1984), social anthropologist (1899-1984)

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        family

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        Richards, Audrey Isabel (1899-1984), social anthropologist is the cousin of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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        Macpherson, Ian (1899-1984), stockbroker (1899-1984)

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        family

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        Macpherson, Ian (1899-1984), stockbroker is the cousin of Butler, Richard Austen (1902-1982), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, politician

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            Sources

            Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

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