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Typescript copies of letters (A-G) to Sir James George Frazer

The six boxes which comprise Add.Ms.b.35-37 contain over 1100 typescript copies of letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. Their existence is explained in the archival history above, with related information in the catalogue record for Add.Ms.c.56. The typescripts were made between 1947 and 1955, and are transcripts of letters written between 1888 and 1930, with the bulk dating from 1900-1920, earlier than the closely related Sir James George Frazer Papers also at Trinity College Library. Many of the correspondents here are also represented by letters in the Sir James George Frazer Papers.

The letters document the life and work of social anthropologist and classical scholar Sir James George Frazer. Research strengths include Frazer's writings in the 1900s and 1910s, social anthropology, folklore, classical scholarship, Trinity College academic and social life, and the impact of World War I. There is evidence here of Frazer's support of anthropologists who wished to embark on expeditions, discussions of anthropological theory and classical scholarship, and discussions of books Frazer published during this period: the second and third editions of 'The Golden Bough', as well as 'Lectures on the Early History of the Kingship', 'Adonis, Attis, Osiris', 'Psyche's Task', 'Totemism and Exogamy', 'The Letters of William Cowper', 'The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead', 'The Essays of Joseph Addison', and 'Folk-Lore in the Old Testament'.

Add.Ms.b.35 are the first two boxes in the alphabetic sequence of letters, covering the surnames A-G. There are 383 typescript copies of letters in these first two boxes, as well as three other items catalogued as stand-alone items: typescript copies of an offprint, an extract, and a cutting of an article (Items 351a, 372, and 380a). Of the eleven copies of letters written by J. G. Frazer, five are published in Robert Ackerman's 'Selected Letters of Sir J. G. Frazer', and none are represented by originals in the Add.Ms.c.56-61 series (see the Allied Materials note below). There is one letter written to Lilly Frazer, from Wickham Steed (Item 366).

Most of the letters are from correspondents represented by one or two letters only, but there are four groups of more than 15 letters from one correspondent: from John Sutherland Black (Items 83-95), Edward Clodd (Items 173-197, which include 6 letters written by JGF to Clodd), William Crooke (Items 241-267), and W. Warde Fowler (Items 314-330). There are also two third-party letters: from J. B. Postgate to A. B. Cook (Item 227), and from J. H. Driberg to John Roscoe (Item 284), each probably originally enclosures in letters sent to Frazer. None of these letters are represented by originals in the Add.Ms.c.56-61 series.

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Typescript copies of letters (H-P) to Sir James George Frazer

Add.Ms.b.36 is part of a group, Add.Ms.b.35-37, which contain over 1100 typescript copies of letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for Add.Ms.b.35.

ADD.Ms.b.36, the third and fourth boxes in the alphabetic sequence of letters, covers the surnames H-P, and contains 343 typescript copies of letters in these two boxes. Most of the letters are from correspondents represented by two or three letters only, but there are three large groups of letters from one correspondent: Rendel Harris (Items 4-24a), A. W. Howitt (Items 84-100), and James Hope Moulton (Items 243-283). A group of letters from E. S. Hartland also features a roughly equal number of letters from J. G. Frazer (Items 33-62), so that both sides of the correspondence are represented in a way not seen elsewhere in the collection, and on the farther side of inequality, the R. R. Marett letters are almost entirely written to him by J. G. Frazer, with just three of them written by Marett to Frazer (Items 189-211).

Of the 43 copies of letters in ADD.Ms.b.36 written by J. G. Frazer, 25 were published in Robert Ackerman's 'Selected Letters of Sir J. G. Frazer', and none are represented by originals in the ADD.Ms.c.56-61 series (see the Allied Materials note below). There are five letters written to Lilly Frazer (Items 28, 152, 182, 298, 305).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Typescript copies of letters (R-Z) to Sir James George Frazer

Add.Ms.b.37 is part of a group, Add.Ms.b.35-37, which contain over 1100 typescript copies of letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for Add.Ms.b.35.

Add.Ms.b.37, the fifth and sixth boxes in the alphabetic sequence of letters, covers the surnames R-Z, and contains 392 typescript copies of letters in these two boxes, two other items catalogued as stand-alone items, and a group of seven items (which aren't copies) found together at the bottom of the second box. The two other copy items are a copy caption by Northcote Thomas for a photograph (Item 274), and a copy of a clipping (Item 389a). The group of seven items (Items 393-399) is miscellaneous original material, and includes a letter from the Trinity College Bursar to the Librarian (Item 393) about a group of Frazer letters sent to him in 1958 (our items Add.Ms.c.56-61); other items, letters and proofs sent to Frazer are closely related to those original manuscripts housed as Add.Ms.c.56-61.

Most of the letters in Add.Ms.b.37 are from correspondents represented by two or three letters only, but there are three large groups of letters from one correspondent: G. G. Ramsay (Items 1-32), Northcote Thomas (Items 261-266, 269-278), and a large cache of letters written by J. G. Frazer to John Roscoe with three letters from Roscoe in the gaps: Items 33-106, 109-144, 146-171.

Of the 146 copies of letters in Add.Ms.b.37 written by J. G. Frazer, five were published in Robert Ackerman's 'Selected Letters of Sir J. G. Frazer', and none are represented by originals in the Add.Ms.c.56-61 series (see allied materials note below). There are ten copies of letters written to Lilly Frazer.

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Letters (A-F) to Sir James George Frazer

The seven boxes which comprise ADD.Ms.c.56-61 contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. The letters date from 1886 to 1955, but the bulk date from 1900 to 1920, earlier than the closely related Sir James George Frazer Papers also at Trinity College Library. Many of the correspondents here are also represented by letters in the Sir James George Frazer Papers.

The letters document the life and work of social anthropologist and classical scholar Sir James George Frazer. Research strengths include Frazer's writings in the 1900s and 1910s, social anthropology, folklore, classical scholarship, Trinity College academic and social life, and the impact of World War I. There is evidence here of Frazer's support of anthropologists who wished to embark on expeditions, discussions of anthropological theory and classical scholarship, and discussions of books Frazer published during this period: the second and third editions of 'The Golden Bough', as well as 'Lectures on the Early History of the Kingship', 'Adonis, Attis, Osiris', 'Psyche's Task', 'Totemism and Exogamy', 'The Letters of William Cowper', 'The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead', 'The Essays of Joseph Addison', and 'Folk-Lore in the Old Testament'.

ADD.Ms.c.56 is the first box in the alphabetic sequence of letters, covering the surnames A-F. There are 99 letters in this box, as well as four other items catalogued as stand-alone items: two cuttings (Items 28 and 83), one offprint (Item 56), and a group of notes on Sutherlandshire Folklore (Item 92). This box contains the only letters from J. G. Frazer in this grouping: two letters and a postcard to Henry Jackson (Items 87-87b). There is one letter to Lilly Frazer, from Hermann Diels (Item 64). Most of the letters are from correspondents represented by one or two letters only, and the largest group of letters is thirteen from Edward Clodd (Items 9-21).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Letters (G) to Sir James George Frazer

ADD.Ms.c.57 is part of a group, ADD.Ms.c.56-61, which contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for ADD.Ms.c.56.

ADD.Ms.c.57, the second box in the alphabetic sequence of letters to Sir James George Frazer, covers the surnames starting with G. There are 72 letters here, as well as three other items catalogued as stand-alone items: two cuttings (Items 14c and 65), an offprint of 'Janus Bifrons' by A. van Gennep (Item 23), a manuscript copy of a note to 'The Legends of the Jews' by Louis Ginzberg' (Item 31), a printed document entitled 'Flinders Petrie Papyri III, 142', and a manuscript extract about the Hemlock stone (Item 56a). There is one letter written to Lilly Frazer, from Wickham Steed (Item 38). Most of the letters are from correspondents represented by one or two letters only, and the largest group of letters consists of sixteen letters from Edmund Gosse (Items 39-52).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Letters (H-K) to Sir James George Frazer

ADD.Ms.c.58 is part of a group, ADD.Ms.c.56-61, which contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for ADD.Ms.c.56.

ADD.Ms.c.58, the third box in the alphabetic sequence of letters to Sir James George Frazer, covers the surnames starting with H-K. There are 88 letters here, as well as two other items catalogued as stand-alone items: a cutting with a story on witchcraft in China (Item 35) and a typescript draft of a paper on the Fetish in West Africa by Mary Henrietta Kingsley (Item 82). There is one letter addressed to Lilly Frazer, from Mary Henrietta Kingsley (Item 81). Most of the letters are from correspondents represented by one or two letters only, and the largest group of letters consists of fourteen letters from Edwin Sidney Hartland (Items 12-25).

Unusually, Item 37, a letter from Elizabeth Hughes Phillips to Frazer, is not an original letter but is instead a carbon copy of the typescript, with the gaps in the typescript not completed in manuscript.

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Letters (L-P) to Sir James George Frazer

ADD.Ms.c.59 is part of a group, ADD.Ms.c.56-61, which contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for ADD.Ms.c.56.

ADD.Ms.c.59, the fourth and fifth boxes in the alphabetic sequence of letters to Sir James George Frazer, covers the surnames starting with L-P. There are 106 letters here, as well as five other items catalogued as stand alone items: three sets of notes, by Lilly Frazer (Item 6), Pauline Broglie, the Comtesse de Pange (Item 55), and Otto Stapf (Item 101), and two cuttings on the obituaries of William James Lewis (Items 5-5a). There are four letters addressed to Lilly Frazer, from Alfred Loisy (Item 11), Alexander Nairne (Item 28), R. A. Neil (Item 35) , and Bertha Plimmer (Item 81). The letter of John Parkinson (Item 56) contains 11 photographs of natives in Southern Nigeria.

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Letters (R-S) to Sir James George Frazer

ADD.Ms.c.60 is part of a group, ADD.Ms.c.56-61, which contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for ADD.Ms.c.56.

ADD.Ms.c.60, the sixth box in the alphabetic sequence of letters to Sir James George Frazer, covers the surnames starting with R-S. There are 121 letters here, as well as three other items catalogued as stand-alone items: a cutting from 'The Times' on ancient ceremonies and rent customs (Item 17), a printed abstract of a paper by William Ridgeway (Item 33), and an offprint by W. H. D. Rouse (Item 56). There are four letters addressed to Lilly Frazer, from J. Batalha Reis (Item 13), Salomon Reinach (Item 15), William Somerville (Item 82), and Wickham Steed (Item 91).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Letters (T-Y) to Sir James George Frazer

ADD.Ms.c.61 is part of a group, ADD.Ms.c.56-61, which contain over 530 letters written to Sir James George Frazer, arranged by surname of correspondent. A full description of the group may be found in the scope and content note for ADD.Ms.c.56.

ADD.Ms.c.61, the seventh box in the alphabetic sequence of letters to Sir James George Frazer, covers the surnames starting with T-Y. There are fifty-one letters here, as well as four other items catalogued as stand-alone items: a photograph of a Benin juju to make yams grow taken by Northcote Thomas (Item 3) and a typescript by Thomas entitled 'Agricultural Rites, Benin City' (Item 4), and two clippings, one from 'The Graphic' depicting a rain-making rite (Item 11), and one from 'The Times' containing Frazer's obituary of William Wyse (Item 49). Two letters are addressed to Lilly Frazer, from Anne Wyse (Item 38), and Dorothy Young (Item 51).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941), knight, social anthropologist and classical scholar

Box 1: Augusta Julia Babington (née Noel) – Frances Babington (née Sykes)

Letters from Augusta Julia Babington, née Noel, to her father in law Thomas Babington.

Letter from C. S[?] B[abington?] to Mary Ellen Rose, née Parker. Letters from Catherine Babington, née Whitter, to her brother in law Thomas Babington. Letter from Charles Cardale Babington to his uncle Thomas Babington. Letters from Charles Edward Babington to his aunt Mary Parker, née Babington.

Letter from Charles Roos Babington to his sister Jean Babington; letters to his father Thomas Babington, and sister Mary Babington.

Letter from Elizabeth Babington, later Strange, to her uncle Thomas Babington. Letters from Frances Babington, née Sykes, to her sisters in law Maria Frances Babington (née Pratt) and Mary Parker (née Babington). This last includes a note from her husband Matthew Babington to his sister Mary.

Box 10: Jean Babington

Letters of Jean Babington to her sister Mary, later Parker; some with notes from Colin Macaulay, James Parker, Jean Babington (née Macaulay), Lydia Rose (née Babington), and Fanny Macaulay to Mary. Note from Jean Babington to her sister in law Sarah Babington (née Disney) also included.

Two letters from Jean Babington to Susan Darroch (née Parker).

Babington, Jean (1798-1839), daughter of Thomas and Jean Babington

Box 11: John Babington – Joseph Babington

Letters of John Babington to: his brother George Gisborne Babington, Nov. 1837; sister-in-law Sarah Babington, née Disney, Apr. 1833; father Thomas Babington, June 1822 and Apr. 1829; J. S. Elliott; brother-in-law James Parker, Nov. 1826; sister Mary, Jan. 1818-Nov. 1837; nephew Edward Joseph Rose, May 1880-Sept. 1881 (some copies; letter of 13 Apr. 1881 includes a partial transcript of a letter from Lydia Rose to her sister-in-law Charlotte Rose, 25 Feb. 1831).

Also letters from John Babington to his sister Lydia Rose, Feb. 1876-May 1879 (one including transcribed extract from the will of their sister Jean Babington); and niece Mary Ellen Rose, née Parker. Telegram from John Babington to Edward, Viscount Cardwell, Aug. 1852. Sermon preached by John Babington after the death of his brother in law Joseph Rose.

Letters of Joseph Babington to his brother Thomas Babington Dec. 1821-Dec. 1826, some with notes from his wife Catherine (née Whitter) to Thomas.

Babington, John (1791-1886), clergyman

Box 12: Margaret Anne Babington – Sarah Anne Babington

Letters from Margaret Anne Babington to her brother Matthew Babington, 1817-1818, one with a note from their sister Jean to Matthew.

Letters from Matthew Babington: to his brother George Gisborne Babington, 3 Oct. 1829, with additions by his wife Frances (née Sykes) and brother in law James Parker; to his father Thomas Babington, 1821-1833, one with a message to his mother Jean Babington (née Macaulay); to his brother in law James Parker, c 14 Aug. 1829; to his sister Mary, later Parker, with a message from his brother Thomas Gisborne Babington to Mary, c 14 Sept. 1811.

Letters from Matthew Drake Babington: to his aunt Jean Babington (with note from Thomas Babington to his wife Jean), 26 June 1804; to his uncle Thomas Babington, 1822-1826.

Letter from Sarah Babington, née Disney, to her sister in law Mary Parker, 8 Sept. 1837.

Letters from Sarah Anne Babington, née Pearson, to: her father in law Thomas Babington, Nov. 1824 and Oct. 1825; her sister in law Mary Babington, afterwards Parker, 1816-1829 (one with note from her husband George Gisborne Babington to his sister Mary).

Box 13: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to his wife Jean, née Macaulay, 1788-1804; one, 30 Jun 1803, includes a note from Dr Fearon to Jean Babington. One letter from Thomas Babington to his son, George Gisborne Babington, 9 Dec. 1834, with a note from his daughter Jean Babington to her brother.

Account of Thomas Babington for cloth bought from John Brown, 1825 [perhaps by his son, Matthew Babington?]. Printed version of the sermon on the death of Thomas Babington, preached in Rothley Church by William Acworth, 3 Dec 1837.

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 14: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to his wife Jean, née Macaulay. Some may be partially dictated by him rather than in his hand. One, of 27 Aug 1816, encloses a copy of a letter from Thomas Babington to his son John.

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 15: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to his wife Jean, née Macaulay. Additional notes to Jean Babington included with these letters from: her son Matthew (16 Apr. 1825, 27 Apr. 1826, 22 Nov. 1828); her daughter Jean (three letters in Feb 1835); her niece Selina (3 Mar. 1825); Catherine Knott (5 Nov. 1822).

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 17: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to his sons; most are to John Babington (one, 21 June 1805, is addressed to both John and Matthew), but there are also three letters to Matthew Babington, July 1820-Mar. 1823 (one with a note from Thomas Babington to his daughter Mary) and one letter to Thomas Gisborne Babington (14 June 1825).

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 18: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to James Parker, who married his daughter Mary in 1829, 1826-1837. Also included with some of these letters; a note from Matthew Babington to James Parker, 27 June 1829; notes from Thomas Babington and from Jean Babington (née Macaulay), to their daughter Mary; notes to Mary from her sister Jean; notes from Mary Parker and from S[amuel?] Duckworth to James Parker.

Draft letter from Thomas Babington to his nephew Thomas Gisborne, 17 Dec. 1824. Two letters from Thomas Babington to Margaret Parker, née Rainy (mother of James Parker), 21 July 1828 and 28 Jan. 1833.

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 19: Thomas Babington

Letters of Thomas Babington to his daughter Mary. Including notes: from Lydia Rose, née Babington, to her uncle Colin Macaulay; from Thomas Babington to his son Matthew and wife Jean, née Macaulay; from Jean Babington, née Macaulay, to Mary and to Mary's husband James Parker; from Matthew Babington to his sister Mary; from Jean Babington to her sister Mary; from Thomas Babington to his brother in law James Parker. One letter (57: 1 Nov 1829) contains a transcript of part of a letter from William Henry Babington to his father Thomas.

One letter from Thomas Babington to his daughter Lydia Rose, 18 June 1817.

Babington, Thomas (1758-1837), philanthropist and politician

Box 2: George Gisborne Babington

Letters of George Gisborne Babington: the majority to his father Thomas Babington, also to his mother Jean Babington, John Babington, his brother in law James Parker, sisters Mary Parker and Jean Babington, and brother Matthew Babington. A note from his wife Sarah Anne (née Pearson) to her father in law Thomas Babington is also included. Some letters incomplete.

Babington, George Gisborne (1794-1856), surgeon

Box 21: Thomas Gisborne Babington

Letters from Thomas Gisborne Babington to: his mother Jean, née Macaulay, with notes to her from his father Thomas; his brother John; his brothers John and George (this is a copy); his father John, some with notes to his mother Jean, one with a note from his sister Lydia Rose to her father.

Babington, Thomas Gisborne (1788-1871), reformer

Box 22: Thomas Gisborne Babington – William Henry Babington

Letters from Thomas Gisborne Babington to: his uncle Colin Macaulay; his brother in law James Parker; and his sister Mary, some of these also signed by or with additional notes from his wife Augusta.

Letter from William Babington to his uncle Thomas Babington, including an additional note from his brother Samuel to Thomas.

Letters from William Henry Babington to his father Thomas; letter and fragment from William Henry Babington to his sister Mary. Extract of report of the College Council at Fort St George on [William] Henry Babington's progress in Persian.

Babington, Thomas Gisborne (1788-1871), reformer

Colin Macaulay

Letters from Colin Macaulay to his niece Jean Babington; some letters addressed to both Jean and her sister Mary, one with an additional note to Mary included. Invitation to Colin Macaulay from the Misses Macleod to celebrate the birthday of H. R. H. Princess Charlotte of Wales.

Macaulay, Colin (1760-1836), general, biblical scholar, and abolitionist

Box 25: Colin Macaulay – Thomas Babington Macaulay

Letters from Colin Macaulay to his Mary Babington, later Parker; some letters addressed to both Mary and her sister Jean, some with an additional note to Jean included; one with additional note, perhaps in Mary's hand; some with fragments of letters to Colin Macaulay enclosed from Charles Noel Noel, 1st Earl of Gainsborough, and A. Inverarity; one with later note by Mary Ellen Rose, née Parker; one enclosing copy of letter from Colin Macaulay to Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

Letters from Frances Macaulay, 'Fanny', to her cousin Mary Parker and one to Mary Ellen Rose, née Parker. Letter from Hannah More Macaulay, later Trevelyan, to her cousin Mary Parker. Letters from Helen William Macaulay to his cousin Mary Babington.

Letter from Helen Macaulay to her sister Jean Babington, née Macaulay.

Copies (mid-nineteenth century) of letters from Rev. Martin Macpherson to Rev. John Macaulay and Rev. Kenneth Macaulay.

Letters from Selina Macaulay to her aunt Jean Babington, née Macaulay, and to her cousin Mary Parker.

Letters from Thomas Babington Macaulay to: his aunt Jean Babington, née Macaulay; his uncle, Thomas Babington; James Parker (incomplete). 'Hymn by Lord Macaulay: an effort of his early childhood' - extract from London Scottish Regimental Gazette. The letters from Thomas Babington Macaulay are not included in Pinney's edition of Macaulay's correspondence.

Box 26: Zachary Macaulay

Letters of Zachary Macaulay, the majority to his brother in law Thomas Babington; one letter encloses a copy letter from Macaulay to Thomas Gisborne about his son John Gisborne's behaviour. One letter from Zachary Macaulay to his sister Jean Babington; another, incomplete, to an unknown recipient.

Macaulay, Zachary (1768-1838), philanthropist

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