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Scott, Sir Walter (1771–1832), 1st Baronet, poet and novelist
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Letter from Claude Joseph Montefiore to R. C. Trevelyan

Hopedene, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking. - Sends 'Congratulations from an ignoramus': thinks it [Trevelyan's translation of Lucretius's "De Rerum Natura"?] deserves a better format, with the text on facing page and larger print. Has only read Book 1 so far. Not sure he likes 'farded' line 645, but Trevelyan probably knows best; the dictionary gave a quotation from Scott's "Old M[ortality]" as illustration of the word, which he confesses he did not know. The work is a great 'labour'; hopes Trevelyan will have some 'jolly reviews'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Garden Corner, West Road, Cambridge. - Is giving five pounds to the Harrow fund. Glad there is still a chance of Bob coming to Hallington; asks him to let them know by the end of the week, Hopes Bob gets his copy of the '["Sir George Otto Trevelyan: A] Memoir" soon: the letters from Sir George to Bob and Bessie provided material he is 'more and more glad [he] used'. Glad that Clifford Allen is better, and hopes he remains so. Much looking forward to Bob's new poems ["Rimeless Numbers"]. Notes in a postscript that John Buchan's new book on [Sir Walter] Scott is good.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Glad Miss Barthorp has recovered her luggage; there is nothing which causes more anxiety. Julian is a great comfort to him and Caroline; he plays games in 'a rational understanding way', is easily and satisfactorily amused, and goes on 'famous walks' with Sir George. On Sunday they went to the Roman Catholic chapel, and Julian was so interested by its 'humble beauties' that yesterday they went to the parish church. Asks if Elizabeth can ask Robert about Gustave Droz's "Babolain", which is said in 'William Johnson's admirable biography' to be as good as [Austen's] "Persuasion", [Charlotte Bronte's] "Villette, and [Scott's] "The Antiquary", and the London Library has it. Glad to think of Elizabeth and Robert at home.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Morpeth. - Sends wishes for 'a very much quieter, and not unhappy, year', though they can hardly hope for it; whatever comes they will 'all bear together'. Glad to hear the children [Julian and the Abercrombies' boys?] are doing well; if Julian is reading a few words now he will soon get on; remembers reading everything he could find in Walter Scott and elsewhere 'about eating and fighting'; 'has had [his] fill of both since'. Must try to read [Dickens's] "Our Mutual Friend". Has reached Livy's account of Scipio in Africa, so is very near the end; comments on the 'grand general picture' given, as well as the 'glimmerings of "research"' in the history.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Quotes Macaulay ["Lays of Ancient Rome: The Battle of the Lake Regillus]" and Horace [Odes 3.18: in Latin] since a letter from George this morning, about 'a very different scene in Italy" reminded him that it was the Nones of December. George is very well, which is a relief since they had seen a notice in the paper about his ambulance carrying away '400 cholera patients'; two of his Italian ambulance orderlies died of it in forty eight hours, but none of the Englishmen have it and it seems to be 'yielding to the cold'. Quotes George's description of the eviction, under Austrian shell-fire, of the hill-station hospitals beyond Quisca [Kojsko], at length; he gives a 'most curious account of men's behaviour under fire' illustrating 'the sort of courage required in this... novel form of war'. They get each other's 'Sunday letter' quite regularly on the following Sunday, by official bag. Caroline did not need to leave the train carriage from Scot's Gap to Stratford, so is no worse, though the 'fog was as bad as bad'; is greatly relieved to have her here. They have begun to read [Sir Walter] Scott's "Life" aloud, after having read "Illumination" and "All's Well That Ends Well", which must have been 'a rattling play to act'. Agrees with Robert that the 'arrangement' of The Old Wives' [Tale]" [Arnold Bennett] is 'strange but very masterly'. Very much enjoyed their long time with Elizabeth and Julian; glad it did them both good. Has been reading the very good article on Chaucer in the 'Biographical Dictionary' by [John Wesley] Hales, of whom he has 'never consciously heard', though he was '4th Classic in Henry Sidgwick's year and Sidgwick was always so interested in other college men of his time'.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Good to read about Julian's 'encounter with country things' [see 46/230]. The people around Stratford who 'profess to be weather-wise', and perhaps are so, say that after a long winter like this, Spring will come very quickly and be 'fruitful'; true that he has never admired the daffodils so much. Caroline was saying she 'always has the cadence of the Bruce-Logan cuckoo [a poem attributed to both John Logan and Michael Bruce] in her ears; [John?] Bright always recited it to them at 'his annual dinner - no other guest, and a fruit table, by special request - at 30 Ennismore Gardens'. They have finished reading "The Grasshoppers" [by Cecily Sidgwick] which is am 'admirable novel', and are about to begin Gosse's "Life" of Swinburne. Interested to hear Elizabeth's opinion of [Walter Scott's] "Guy Mannering" and 'Hatteraick's language' [in that novel]; expects it was 'good enough for Scott's readers', and it is 'as like Dutch' as the 'serious conversation in "Old Mortality"' which Sir George has been reading to Mary Caroline was to 'the language which Morton and Edith must have talked'.

Letter from Edward Marsh to R. C. Trevelyan

Woolsthorpe Rectory, Grantham. - Has left his copy of [Meredith's] "The Egoist" in the bedroom he had at Wallington; asks Trevy to bring it to Cambridge. It is a wet Sunday, and he does not want to 'read any more Thicker for the present'. Has 'never enjoyed sightseeing so much' as on his trip to Edinburgh. Asks if Trevy has read [Robert] Louis Stevenson's book about the town ["Edinburgh: Picturesque Notes"]: 'quite astonishing how many things' Stevenson can do: he is 'Charles Lamb, as well as the writer of the "Wrecker"]. Asks if Trevy likes [Sir Walter Scott's] "Heart of Midlothian"; he himself has read it twice before but 'never liked it half so much' as he did in Edinburgh; also read an 'idolatrous life of Queen Mary' [Mary, Queen of Scots?]; notes that it is 'harder to fall in love with women the more real they are', moving from fictional characters 'such as Beatrice Esmond or Balzac's duchesses', through women from history, 'an actress in a part', and finally to 'actual women in real life'. Tells an anecdote as 'the strongest possible argument for the Return to Nature': a boy of three and a half staying with them in Yorkshire happened to come into Marsh's room when he had no clothes on and 'professed great pleasure at the sight'; next day at lunch the boy asked loudly 'why don't you come down naked? (he pronounced it nackéd) you really must not wear clothes'.

Seems he 'compromised [Arthur] Longhurst rather by relating this anecdote', as his mother asked him what was so funny in the letter. Longhurst 'passed in his [Sandhurst] exam, 3rd of the Varsity Candidate'; Marsh is proud of his coaching, as Longhurst got 90 percent in Latin and Greek. Is going to [Bertrand] Russell on 'Monday week'.

Copy letter from W. Wyse to J. G. Frazer

Halford, Shipston on Stour. Dated 21 July, 1905 - Discusses a passage in Euphorion [of Chalcis, as quoted by Athenaeus] and whether it means competitors were beheaded after being being severely beaten; has bought [J. G.] Lockhart's ['Memoirs of the Life of Sir Walter Scott, Bart'] and discusses the differing Toryism of Scott and [Samuel] Johnson.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Welcombe, Stratford on Avon. - Delighted to hear of what Robert, Elizabeth, and Julian are reading [something by Byron?]; 'curious' how 'such trifles' are only written by people of the calibre of Byron, Scott, Burns and Macaulay; gives several quotations. Gratified by what Robert says about the letter to Lady Desborough [11/199 probably also refers to this]. Robert seems to be confusing separate incidents from Garibaldi's life. Best Christmas wishes to Robert and family. Caroline much 'appreciates and cherishes' Elizabeth's letters.

Letter from William Wyse to J. G. Frazer

Halford, Shipston on Stour [on mourning stationery] - Discusses a passage in Euphorion [of Chalcis, as quoted by Athenaeus] and whether it means competitors were beheaded after being being severely beaten; has bought [J. G.] Lockhart's ['Memoirs of the Life of Sir Walter Scott, Bart'] and discusses the differing Toryism of Scott and [Samuel] Johnson.

Letter from Mary Carlyle to Edward FitzGerald

24 Cheyne Row, Chelsea. - Apologizes for not answering his 'kind letter' sooner. Her uncle [Thomas Carlyle] has been more ill than she has ever seen him before for 'some weeks', but she is glad that he has now recovered and 'back into his old ways', except for being forced to drive out in the afternoon instead of taking his usual walk. They have hired a fly for the drives; he keeps on his dressing gown with a fur coat on top, and with 'hot water at his feet, he never will allow that the weather is cold even the mercury fall below the freezing point'. At home he reads, and she sometimes has trouble getting to go to bed at one or two in the morning.

He 'remembers Miss Crabbe very well'; wishes that FitzGerald had come to see him when 'so near'. She read [George Crabbe's] Tales of the Hall when around fifteen, though she 'did not understand them & as was natural found them dull*. Can 'read Scott very well', but is 'by no means an enthusiastic admirer'; her 'uncle's opinion has nothing to do with mine (!)' and he always tell her she should be ashamed to say she 'never could get to the end of Waverley, which fascinated him so much that he read it straight through almost at one sitting'.

Her uncle sends his 'kindest regards'.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Caroline Trevelyan

Thanks his mother for her letter. Has got a letter from Archie, who at first did not like [his new school?] much but 'says he likes it better now'; is going to reply today. Promises not to 'pull my eyes'. Hopes Aunt Meggie [Price] is better. Asks if his mother can send him some stamps. Is in the same room as before, with the same boys. Has nearly finished Marmion [by Sir Walter Scott]. Notes in a postscript that the new boys are Isaac mi[nor], Carnegie, Thomson, Lennox, and Clerk.

Letter from Christina Frazer to James Frazer

Rowmore House - Is glad to hear that the Park side accommodation promises to be comfortable; glad to have the reviews of ['Adonis, Attis, Osiris'], Miss [Isabella?] Anderson has been reading the book and the reviews; is glad he likes the Skinners; wonders who will be head of Westminster College, hopes it won't be Ian Maclaren [John Watson], has no patience with him or Mr [Samuel Rutherford?] Crockett, who 'degrade themselves from the high office to write rubbishy tales'; she was afraid at one time to read James' book, and did not read all of it, but now she is not afraid, and thinks that if he continues to dig, that he 'will find Him in it all'; Mrs Marryat has his book and wishes to come see her; Evelyn Ireland is ill with measles; Mr [Walter Edward?] Ireland is due to give a lecture on his visit to Italy; has been reading [Sir Walter Scott's] 'The Pirate' and 'The Fortunes of Nigel'.

Letter from Edgar Kofler to R. B. McKerrow

35 Bickerton Road, Headington, Oxford.—Asks whether there is any evidence of Nashe’s Unfortunate Traveller being read in the 18th century.



Oxford. {1} February 21st, 1939
35, Bickerton Road | Headington

Dear Sir,

I thank you very much for your kind offer of giving me your advice about some doubtful points in my work about Th. Nash.

As you know, I am engaged in a study upon ‘Th. Nashe and the Picaresque’ in the Unfortunate Traveller. I think as you do that this book is an interesting attempt in a new direction, and though of the same province as the Picaresque novel, equally far from the early English rogue literature (jest-books, conny-catching pamphlets) and the Spanish Picaresque (Lazarillo de Tormes, and later on, Guzman de Alfarache). This seems to me to be characteristic of what is commonly called the English Picaresque with Defoe and Smollett. And I should like to know if there is now any evidence of Nash’s “Unfortunate Traveller” being read in the XVIIIth Century? From your edition of Nash, I see that only pamphlets of his seem to have been known in that time; but is it known whether Sir W. Scott came to be aquainted† with the story of C. Agrippa’s magic mirror (which he was to use in the “Lay of the last Minstrel”, 1805) through this novel of Nash?

Yours very truly
Edgar Kofler


{1} This word is underlined, not printed.

† Sic.

Letter from H. J. C. Grierson to R. C. Trevelyan

12 Regent Terrace, Edinburgh. - If Trevelyan is in Edinburgh in autumn or early winter, the Griersons would always be glad if he stayed with them for a day or two. Has been 'burdened with the duty' of collecting essays and studies by members of the English Association; finds this difficult, as he does not have a 'very wide literary acquaintance', having lived so far from London. Several younger men have promised him articles, but they 'are all rather comers-on than established names' and he has been 'ignored' by the older ones he approached on the Secretary's advice. Realised last night that he should ask Trevelyan whether he would be willing to offer the article on Metre which he read aloud to them, or another; asks him to reply at least since 'M.L. James [sic: M. R. James?] and other Olympians... have not deemed a poor Scottish Professor worth even of that'. Hopes Trevelyan is having a good holiday. He himself lectured eight hours a week at Heidelberg till the end of July, and since then has been busy with 'Scott letters and Carlyle and students' theses' and so on: thinks he needs to get away. Thinks [Donald] Tovey will be in Germany in September; the Griersons had hopes he would come to Heidelberg when they were there and help him entertain his friends; they gave a reception at the Hotel but 'had to rely on Janet for the music'. This went off well, however, and everyone was very kind; Grierson 'struck up quite a friendship with [Friedrich] Gundolf'. Sends regards to Trevelyan's wife and son. Dined with the Dutch poet Boutens on the way home and had a 'great evening'. Notes in a postscript that he had a 'pleasant lunch' in Cambridge with [Goldsworthy] Lowes Dickinson in June.

Letter from H. J. C. Grierson to R. C. Trevelyan

12 Regent Terrace, Edinburgh. - Has enjoyed reading Trevelyan's paper [on metre see 18/91] even more than he did hearing it read, as he can 'go more slowly and try the rhythms in [his] own way'; has got 'more understanding' of the subject than he has from anything else, and will 'certainly print' the paper [in the collection of pieces by members of the English Association]. Will probably drop the introduction, and if he may if the space is limited omit Horace's "Ode" and the translation by Milton. Now has several papers from 'Yvor Evans'; Rylands; Sparrow; Wattie; and Dickins; but is 'specially grateful' for Trevelyan's. Sends thanks to Mrs Trevelyan for her card, which he ought to have acknowledged. Will have a proof sent to Trevelyan so that he can check the translation. Hopes that they will see him this winter. Has a 'dreadful incubus' of a paper to prepare for Manchester; is also 'slaving at Scott's letters and getting some interesting new light'. Janet will be married in November; the French relatives will come too so they will be 'pretty full', but if Trevelyan could come up after that it would be 'a great pleasure to have some rational talk'. Thinks [Donald] Tovey is in Germany, but he will be 'looking homeward soon' as the arrangements for his concerts have come out.