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Additional Manuscripts b Sidgwick, Eleanor Mildred (1845-1936) Principal of Newnham College Cambridge
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Letter from E.E. Bowen to Nora Sidgwick

Sends her the only letter [from Henry Sidgwick] that he can find [not included]. Remarks that the freedom and freshness of it still seems very vivid to him. Advises her in relation to her plan to write a memoir, that it would be best 'in the form either of an introduction to some posthumous publication, or else of a magazine or review article.'

Bowen, Edward Ernest (1836-1901) schoolmaster

Letter from F.W. Maitland to Nora Sidgwick

Hesitates to intrude upon her sorrow, but assures her that no day has passed without his thinking of Henry Sidgwick, whom he loved and honoured. Explains that he learned from Frederick Pollock that she was collecting Henry's letters. Refers to the only one he has [not included], which was written to him the previous winter.

Maitland, Frederic William (1850-1906) legal historian

Letter from Horatio F. Brown to Nora Sidgwick

Sends her the letters from Henry Sidgwick to [John Addington] Symonds [not included], which he found among the latter's papers. Claims that he is sorry to part with them, but that she has every right to them. Confesses that he has kept back one, and offers to send her the original after he has taken a copy, but states that he would like to keep one original letter from Henry 'to Johnnie.' Referring to all of Henry' letter to him [Brown], claims that they were mostly about Symonds 'Life'. Remarks on the fact that in the letters he sends there are references to 'the Journal', and states that that really covered the larger part of their correspondence. Sends his mother's kindest regards. Note in Nora's hand refers to the letters accompanying this letter, and dates from 1881, 1889, and 1892, and states that she has compared copies with originals.

Brown, Horatio Robert Forbes (1854-1926) historian

Letter from Horatio F. Brown to Nora Sidgwick

Announces that he is sending a packet of Henry Sidgwick's letters to her [not included] - two to [John Addington] Symonds, and the rest to his [Brown's] mother and to himself. Claims to have a good many more letters and memoranda 'full of that exquisite finesse of humour that was so peculiarly his', but that as they all relate to the ' "Life" of Mr Symonds' he doubts that they would be of use to Nora. Offers to send them to her if she wishes to have them. Hopes that she has found 'the Journal Letters.' Sends his mother's best wishes. List [in Nora's hand] of '[l]etters enclosed and copied', and their dates: to 'J.A.S', 'H.F.B', 'Mrs Brown and to 'H.F.D.',

Brown, Horatio Robert Forbes (1854-1926) historian

Letter from Basil Champneys to Nora Sidgwick

Sends her a copy of a letter to him from Henry Sidgwick [not included], which he suggests might be of some use to her. Remarks that the latter part of it is an example of 'the accuracy and tact of [Henry's] judgment in matters of general culture'. Expresses his pleasure at the news that Nora and Arthur Sidgwick are to write a memoir of Henry. Refers to a paper by Frank Cornish in the Pilot of 22 December, which he describes as 'admirable', and offers to send it to her if she has not yet come across it. Adds that he has put, 'by way of a note, the passages in [Robert Bridges'] "[Pros]ody of [Milton]" referred to in [Henry's] letter at the end....' Expresses the hope that 'the change and holiday' will do Nora great good, and reassures her of their sincere and deep sympathy. Offers to send her the original letter if she wishes to have it.

Champneys, Basil (1842-1935) architect and author

Letter from E.E. Bowen to Arthur Sidgwick

Typewritten copy of letter. Refers to a piece he has written on Henry Sidgwick [see ADD.MS/b/71/3/3-5], which refers to the latter's undergraduate years at Cambridge. Gives his permission to use the piece in any way he wishes. Wishes that he could find some letters, but states that he could only find one letter in blank verse, which he sent to Nora Sidgwick. In relation to the writing of the memoir advises Arthur Sidgwick to 'sacrifice everything to shortness....' Accompanied by sheet, with explanatory note in ink: 'Copy of E. E. Bowen[']s notes about Henry'.

Bowen, Edward Ernest (1836-1901) schoolmaster

Letter from J. Sully to Nora Sidgwick

Thanks her for her letter. Regrets that he could only find 'a few short letters' [from Henry Sidgwick], and sends 'six and a testimonial' [not included]. Does not think that they will be of any use for the memoir, which he is pleased to hear is being written. Refers to Henry's kindness to him, and claims to 'prize among [his] treasures' Henry's testimonial to him. States how great a privilege it is for him to be associated with him in the work of the International Congress of Psychology in 1892. Refers to his 'almost womanly consideration', and his 'delightful humour', which appear in his letters. Mentions a letter he received from Henry in reply to one from himself asking him to sign a protest 'against carrying the war in S. Africa to the point of conquest and annexation', and offers to send it to her. States that he was sorry to hear of Nora's poor health, but hopes that the change and the fine air 'have re-established it'. Adds that he and Henry 'used to talk much of [insomnia]', which he believes probably bound them together 'almost as much as common philosophic [talks]'. Explains that the enclosed letter of 1879 has to do with a plan of theirs 'to start a sort of hostel'. Claims that he was in 'a hopeless condition of brain-weariness', and that they had to think of some new way of m[ ]ing themselves. Notes [in Nora's hand] states that the letter Sully refers to from HS and referring to the petition against the war in South Africa was sent and is copied, and that the last letter referred to was not copied.

Sully, James (1842-1928) philosopher and psychologist

Letter from J. Sully to Nora Sidgwick

States that he forgot to mention in his last letter [Add.MS.b.71/27] that Henry Sidgwick signed a petition drawn up by him [Sully] and Leslie Stephen in 1883 to the Home Secretary [Sir William Harcourt] asking him 'to reduce the sentence of a year's imprisonment passed on a man P[ ], an avowed Atheist, for blasphemy.' States that some, including Sir F. Pollock, believed that the sentence was not excessive, but that he [Sully] and others thought that it was, and they 'mustered a fair number of good names, including Prof. Huxley, Rev. [ ] Davies, Mr C[ ] [ ], and others.' Adds that Home Secretary acknowledged in the House of Commons that he had received the petition, but stated that he did not intend to act upon it. States that some days previously he came across the empty envelope in which Henry Sidgwick had enclosed his signature [included with letter, Add.MS.b.71/27a].

Sully, James (1842-1928) philosopher and psychologist

Letter from J.W. Cross to Nora Sidgwick

Sends Nora three letters [from Henry Sidgwick; not included]. Remarks that their quality 'is very characteristic in the generosity of appreciation of another's work.' Discusses the dating of the correspondence and explains how he had estimated the dates. Refers to Middlemarch, to which Henry had referred in one of the letters, and to the latter's favourable reaction to it. In relation to the third letter of 29 April 1880, states that he sends it for Nora's own reading only, as he does not want it to be published.

Cross, John Walter (1840-1924) banker

Letter from J.W. Cross to Nora Sidgwick

Thanks her for her letter. Claims that one of the letters that gave him 'more pleasure than almost any letter' he ever received in his life was one from Henry Sidgwick referring to an article Cross had written in January 1879 called 'American [ ]'. Remarks on Henry's 'uncommon generosity in dealing with another person's small work....' Explains that he has mislaid this letter, but undertakes to send Nora any others that he comes across.

Letter from Arthur Sidgwick to Nora Sidgwick.

Explains that he has been occupied with various affairs since her letter arrived, including 'presenting D.Litt. candidate for Degree, and organising lunch party in Corpus for [his] indefatigable brother in law Archdeacon [Edward] Wilson....' Announces that he goes the following day to Haslemere to work with 'HGD' [Henry Graham Dakyns] 'at the remaining letters of his series which [they] had not time to finish' when he was in Oxford. Asks Nora for any other letters that she is able to send him, since he now has time to spend more time working on them. Informs her, confidentially, that his retirement [as Tutor at Corpus Christi, Oxford) is now fixed for Easter 1902. States that he shall keep his Readership, and also his 'A.E.W. work' [Association for the Education of Women in Oxford]. In relation to Frank [Sidgwick], declares that he is 'no scholar', and that he [Arthur] has 'never had any illusions about his Tripos.' Announces that he is writing to Mrs [Eveleen?] Myers. States that he kept the books because since he returned his proofs to the editor of the Dictionary of National Biography he has heard nothing, and thought it possible that 'he might require a revise, which might mean reference to the books again.'

Sidgwick, Arthur (1840–1920), educationist and classical scholar

Letter from Arthur Sidgwick to Nora Sidgwick.

Reports that he was down at Haslemere the previous Saturday to Monday, and that he [and H.G. Dakyns] worked on the rest of Dakyns letters. Refers to the need for discretion, which Nora had mentioned, and states that he regards all the letters as confidential. Relates that Dakyns was 'infinitely good over the letters', and claims that between them they have dated nearly all of them. Believes that they will be helpful 'at every point except what concerns [Henry Sidgwick's] administrative Cambridge work', and states that they show 'himself on many sides', and that his 'infinite unwearied thoughtfulness, and quiet wisdom, and great range of interest, and kindness, are apparent everywhere.'

Sidgwick, Arthur (1840–1920), educationist and classical scholar

Letter from Arthur C. Benson to his aunt Nora Sidgwick

Thanks her for sending back the letters from Henry Sidgwick. Undertakes to see if he can find any more from him, but doesn't think there are many, if any. Hopes that his uncle Arthur Sidgwick will cut back on some of his other work, of which he believes he does 'far too much', in order to devote himself to the writing of the memoir. Declares that '[t]he great desideration is that the writer should want to [write] more than anything else in the world - and everything is quickly and well done when that is behind.' Advises Nora to ask Maggie if she can find any letters, and states that there are a good many papers at [ ]. Undertakes to look there when he goes back there in August.

Benson, Arthur Christopher (1862–1925) poet and college head

Letter from Charlotte F. Patterson to Nora Sidgwick

Explains that she heard from [James] Bryce that Nora would like to have part of Henry Sidgwick's correspondence with her father [Arthur John Patterson]. Reports that she has spoken to her mother, who will be happy for Nora to have the letter as soon as they get back to town, which will be in the early part of September.

Patterson, Charlotte Frances (b 1872) daughter of Arthur John Patterson

Letter from Mary Ellen Martineau to Nora Sidgwick

Regrets to inform her that she is unable to find any of Henry Sidgwick's letters among her father [James Martineau]'s letters. States that if they were by any chance sent to Dr Drummond in connection with his and Professor Upton's memoir of her father, he will return them without delay.

Martineau, Mary Ellen (1833-1902) children's author

Letter from Mary Ellen Martineau to Nora Sidgwick

Announces that she has at last found a letter to send to Nora, from Henry Sidgwick to her father [James Martineau], on the subject of the Free Christian Union. Explains that Dr Drummond found it, and that it is dated 22 February, but has no year on it. Undertakes to send on any more letters that turn up.

Martineau, Mary Ellen (1833-1902) children's author

Letter from James Drummond to Nora Sidgwick

Gives a list of dates connected with the Free Christian Union, including the date of the meeting to propose its foundation and appoint a Committee in University Hall, and the dates of the meetings to constitute the Union and to settle the final form of constitution, and of the first and second annual meetings. Adds that there was 'a good deal of private conference, and some public controversy, before the earliest of these dates [14 June 1867], in order to clear the ground for the Union'; and that the facts are 'pretty fully related' in his [Drummond's] biography of James Martineau.

Drummond, James (1835-1918) Unitarian minister

Henry Sidgwick: notebook containing additions incorporated in the sixth edition of Methods of Ethics

Note on first page by E[leanor] M[ildred] Sidgwick explaining that Methods of Ethics was being revised when Henry Sidgwick died, and that the 'additions etc are in his handwriting and have been bound [she thinks] by Miss E. C[onstance] Jones who helped him with the revision and completed it after his death'.

Sidgwick, Henry (1838–1900), philosopher

Letter from Henry Jackson to Nora Sidgwick

Announces that he intends to be in Cambridge all the following week, and that he would very much like to see the letters of which she speaks. States that he had intended to send with this letter the notices of the College meetings for 1865, 1867 and 1868, and two notices for a meeting for the alteration of statutes in 1869, but hopes to go to the College library the following day to fill up the missing year, 1866, and undertakes to send all the documents together. Refers also to his intention to verify that Henry Sidgwick began to lecture on Moral Sciences in October 1867. States that he had not fully realised the extent of Henry's activity with regard to the College meetings etc. between 1865 and 1869. Refers to the Classical Tripos Syndicate, which led to the reforms that took effect in the examination of 1872. States that she would be able to get the date of 'the pamphlet from Mr Clark at the Registry, where, he claims, she would also find 'a very amusing fly-sheet, in which Henry describes Dr Guest, the Master of Caius, as "that dashing innovator".' Wishes that he had revised his notes before she copied them, as some of them were 'both hasty and rough.'

Jackson, Henry (1839–1921), classical scholar

Letter from Henry Jackson to Nora Sidgwick

Returns the 'fragment' [not included], and asks her to let him know that it has reached her. Remarks that it is deeply interesting, and expresses the wish that there had been more of it. Queries a date in it in relation to the publication of Ecce Homo [by Seeley, of which Henry Sidgwick wrote a critique] and points out that the terms ' "classical lectureship" ' and ' "lectureship in moral sciences" ' are 'technically inexact', and goes on to explain the system of appointments and titles.

Letter from Henry Jackson to Nora Sidgwick

Asks if Miss Edg[ ] could call at his rooms on the following Saturday. Reports that the papers have reached him, and remarks that he supposes that the volume of which she speaks is a collection of tracts. States that, until Nora showed him the letters, he had not realised that the motions, brought forward at the College meetings of 1865 to 1869, were in the main devised by Henry alone. States that he has assumed that Henry had been acting in conjunction with others, such as Edward Bowen and George Young. Remarks that his 'vigorous initiative' was instumental in preparing them for the legislative work of 1870 to 1873. Expresses his concern at the news that she had been unwell. Adds that he expects to be in Cambridge until the end of the month, and that he will be glad to call if she would like him to do so.

Letter from Arthur J. Balfour to his sister Nora Sidgwick, with notes on Henry Sidgwick

[Dictated to W. Berwick] Sends her his 'contribution to the Biography', i.e., notes about Henry Sidgwick [included]. States that he is not quite satisfied with it, but does not intend to make any further alterations until he sees it in type. States that he is very glad she was 'able to stay so long, and had such good weather.' Urges her not to overwork herself if she can help it, and adds that they shall probably meet in the late autumn.

Prefaces the account by explaining that his sister Nora has asked him, as one of the earliest of Henry Sidgwick's pupils in philosophy, to supplement, from his personal recollection, 'what has been so excellently said by Professor Maitland and others who came somewhat later...', but claims that he has, in fact, little to add to their statements, and nothing to correct in them. States that he was, as an undergraduate, a fellow commoner, which gave him more privileges than many of his contemporaries. Relates that he [Balfour] came up from Eton to Cambridge in 1866, 'with no academic ambitions, but with the highest expectations as to the gratifications which academic life had to offer...', and claims that Sidgwick was very instrumental in insuring that these expectations were not disappointed.

Declares that Sidgwick offered, in addition to his ordinary lectures, 'a small class for those specially interested in the metaphysical side of the "Moral Science" Tripos...', which consisted, he believes, of only one other student besides himself. Describes these classes, which took place in Sidgwick's room and consisted mainly of conversation and discussion. Refers favourably to Sidgwick's method of teaching, and states that they were 'allowed to forget that [they] were preparing for an examination...', which added to the pleasure of learning. Adds that Sidgwick did not force upon his students the historic method of studying philosophy, and states that altough the study of the history of is important, its importance is 'secondary and derivative', and is not likely to be appreciated by the 'youthful student'. States that he never drove his pupils 'into the arid regions of speculation....' Regrets that he is unable to recall the precise details of his method of teaching.

Claims that the relation between Sidgwick and himself of tutor and pupil 'rapidly ripened into a warm personal friendship....' Relates how Sidgwick was adept at encouraging students. Claims that of all the men he has known Sidgwick was the readiest to consider every controversy and every controversialist on them; that he never claimed authority, never sought to impose his views, never argued for victory, and never evaded an issue. Remarks on the influence HS had over the intellectual development of any who had 'the good fortune to be associated with him, whether as pupil or as friend', and claims that he [Balfour] was 'doubly happy' in that he was both. With amendments and emendations.

Balfour, Arthur James (1848–1930), 1st Earl of Balfour, Prime Minister and philosopher

Arthur C. Benson to Nora Sidgwick

Reports that the 'N.P.P.' was returned to him the previous night, and he sends her a copy of it [not included]. Declares that he enjoyed very much seeing her the previous day. Remarks that it is such a comfort, 'on this Greek question, to be able to see and to say, without reservation, how foolish and ignorant everyone is who does not agree with oneself.' States that he is glad that she is making progress with the book, [Henry Sidgwick, a Memoir] and looks forward to its publication. Desires that, through it, Henry 'should speak to a wider circle than his letters and talk could do.' Refers to Henry's humility, sympathy and intellectual power.

Benson, Arthur Christopher (1862–1925) poet and college head

Letter from G.O. Trevelyan to Nora Sidgwick

Declares that he very much looks forward to the privilege of reading more [of the proofs of Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir], but states that he does not feel competent to advise about omissions and insertions. Declares that he is exceedingly pleased by all the allusions to himself, which, he claims, truly represent his relationship with Henry. Declares that he thinks Henry 'the Representative man of [their] generation....' Expresses the wish to see his own letters.

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto (1838-1928) 2nd Baronet, statesman and historian

Letter from Arthur C. Benson to Nora Sidgwick

Sends her back the proofs of Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir [not included], which, he claims, interested him greatly. States that he has 'scribbled a few scattered criticisms and corrections at the side', but assures her that they are very few. Remarks that he likes 'the semi-autobiographical plan' very much, but declares that the letters 'don't give a rich enough picture of his mind.' Adds that he thought that at some points the explanatory matter was a little too technical, especially in relation to the higher education of women. States that he appended to the last sheets 'a [tiny] scrap of reminiscence' of his own about Henry's talk, because he believes that the people she had quoted 'turned too much to the purely mental stuff of the thoughts, and did not bring out the manner, the personality, which lent so great a charm.' Tells her to use his piece in any way she pleases. Announces that he is not going to Windsor after all. Suggests that she might like to discuss some of the points he touched upon, and informs her that he would be available after the following Monday.

Benson, Arthur Christopher (1862–1925) poet and college head

Letter from Alice Johnson to Nora Sidgwick

Discusses the proofs of chapters two, three and four of Henry Sidgwick: A Memoir, which she is reading a second time. States that she feels very strongly against cutting this part of the book down at all, as she believes that there is 'practically nothing...that one would not be very sorry to miss from it.' Refers to its 'interest and charm', and to Henry's sincerity and courage, as well as to 'his refusal to be satisfied either with a materialistic or merely abstract theory.' Estimates that the complete book would constitute 'two not very big volumes', and compares this to the size of other biographies, e.g., Tennyson's, J.A. Symond's, V[ ]'s letters, and Colvin's Letters of R[obert] L[ouis] S[tevenson]. Declares that the great variety of topics in the book will make it more interesting to more people. Adds that in reading the proofs she has marked things she thought to be misprints, and refers to some inconsistencies and inaccuracies. States that she is very anxious for a reference to Henry's letter 'about In Memoriam in Tennyson's Life' to be brought in somewhere in the work, and also that the account he wrote in Archbishop Benson's Life about his school days will also be included. Refers to Henry's interest in others, and in particular to a letter he wrote to her after her Tripos. Undertakes to try to send off the proofs of the second chapter the following morning.

Johnson, Alice (1860-1940) zoologist, psychical researcher

Letter from G.O. Trevelyan to Nora Sidgwick

Returns the MS [of Henry Sidgwick, a Memoir, not included] to her, remarking that he has 'insensibly slipped into the passive role of a reader', which, he claims, is 'the greatest compliment that one can pay to a book in proof-sheets.' Declares that he is very pleased with the notices of himself. Points out a slight mistake and some corrections to be made, and reports that two pages did not arrive. Remarks that 'Miss [Mary Louisa] Cannan was a privileged woman', and wonders whether she is alive and still unmarried. Announces that they shall now be [residing] continuously at Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland.

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto (1838-1928) 2nd Baronet, statesman and historian

Letter from Arthur C. Benson to his aunt Nora Sidgwick

States that since he will probably be away all Wednesday, he had better not promise to come [to see her]. Expresses the desire to see his uncle Arthur [Sidgwick] and Mr [Henry Graham] Dakyns. Referring to Henry Sidgwick's gestures, states that some were connected with his stammer, but that there were others, which added emphasis and conclusiveness. Describes one particular gesture, which involved 'a swing of the hand with the forefinger extended and the other fingers closed....'

Benson, Arthur Christopher (1862–1925) poet and college head

Letter from G.O. Trevelyan to Nora Sidgwick

Acknowledges receipt of the proofs of Henry Sidgwick: a Memoir. Claims that he began reading it at four o'clock that morning and read to the end of 1884. Declares that the account of Henry's work at Cambridge raised him greatly in his [Trevelyan's] esteem and admiration, and remarks on how little Henry said about his labours and self-sacrifices. Refers favourably to the 'Journal letters' also. Hopes that she will insert Henry's letter to Trevelyan of 29 May 1905 [sic], which, he claims, is 'one of the most touching and beautiful things in the world.' Gives her permission to show it to Arthur Sidgwick. Sends his wife's best love, and looks forward to Nora's visit.

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto (1838-1928) 2nd Baronet, statesman and historian

Letter from G.O. Trevelyan to Nora Sidgwick

Thanks her for her letter, and declares that he is deeply gratified by the insertion of the letter of 29 May, especially beause he believes it is 'unique in the highest sense.' States that they look forward to Nora's visit. Sends back to her the chapter [of Henry Sidgwick, a Memoir, not included], which, he claims, surpasses his expectations, and is 'a wonderful picture of [Henry's] thought and action.' Hopes that she will not finally insert the three lines of Bullock Hall's until he sees her, and states that his reasons for this wish are literary. Declares that he is very well satisfied by the references to himself. Refers to a passage 'about "the game of law and order being up" ', which, he claims, was used against him 'in ten thousand leaflets, without the context, and most unfairly.' Adds that Henry's own remark about it is quite proper and reasonable. Tells Nora to think over the references to Dilke and to Jebb's garden. Is sure she will 'keep in about the "Sidgwick Road." ' Adds that it is impossible to alter, or criticise in detail, the general construction of an admirable book, and states that this book - unlike any recent biographies 'presents the real person...one's own old friend'.

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto (1838-1928) 2nd Baronet, statesman and historian

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