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Russell, Bertrand Arthur William (1872-1970), 3rd Earl Russell, philosopher, journalist, and political campaigner
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Letter from J. L. Hammond to R. C. Trevelyan

Catfield, Piccotts End, Hemel Hempstead, Herts. - Thanks to Trevelyan from both Hammonds for the 'Christmas gift' [this year's "From the Shiffolds"?], which gave them 'great pleasure'; the poems' 'grace and charm are specially agreeabl[e] at a time when politics are so depressing and alarming'; they 'bring real peace and comfort'. They will soon send him a 'shillingworth of Hammond in a Pelican ["The Bleak Age"], but are waiting for copies. Asks Trevelyan to forgive the 'behaviour' of the letter el on his typewriter [in fact the letter I] , which has 'nothing to do with Xmaa' but is 'unfortunately organic'. Sends best wishes to both Trevelyans; hopes Robert 'live[s] long' to send out his Christmas greetings. Adds a postscript noting that Bertrand Russell was born in May 1872 while Trevelyan was born in June and he himself in July; when they were 'all young men together in the days of the "Speaker"', they little 'dreamt of the sort of world' they would live to see.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

8, Grosvenor Crescent. - Sorry to hear of the mishap; hopes Elizabeth's violin turns up soon; thinks she would have waited at Naples for it but Rome must be charming. Robert's book ["Cecilia Gonzaga"] has come out, 'charmingly printed & bound', and they are all reading it. Thinks it is beautiful, though 'too restrained & measured at the end for the tragic action'. Hopes it will sell; it is well advertised. Wonders whether Elizabeth and Robert will move this year; knows a young couple who she thinks would take the Mill House if they give it up. Many people going to Rome at the moment; hears all the hotels are full. Asks if they will see Gilbert Murray in Florence. Mrs Bertie Russell [Alys] is moving to the country; he is on a walking holiday with George in Devon.

Letter from Gerald Shove to R. C. Trevelyan

Bankes' Arms Hotel, Studland, Wareham. - Has taken rooms for a week at Agglestone House, Studland [Dorset], which is 'rather a beastly sort of "lodging-house"' but it is very hard to get accommodation in this area. Since the station, at Swanage, is around four miles away and transport has to be sent specially it would be 'more convenient and cheaper' if as many people as possible could arrive together. [C.P] Sanger and [Ralph?] Hawtrey come on Thursday; has not yet had any answer from Bertie [Russell] or Crompton [Llewelyn Davies]; [Saxon] Sydney-Turner cannot come. Asks Trevelyan which train he will arrive by, and how much luggage he will bring; would be possible to leave luggage at the station to be collected and walk to Studland.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Sir George Trevelyan

Pensione Palumbo, Ravello, presso Amalfi:- Sends best Christmas wishes from him and Elizabeth to his parents, as well as his brothers, whom they hear will be at Wallington. Fine but cold weather since their arrival in Italy until today, 'which is as bad as it could be'. Drove from Cava to Pompeii the day before coming to Ravello; Bessie had not seen it before, and 'was enchanted, especially with the new house, and with the Thermae [baths]'. Everything is 'exactly the same' at Ravello, except that 'Mr Kershaw, the old gentleman, seems a good deal older'; he and a friend are the only others here [at the hotel]. Mrs Reid is not well, and they have not yet seen her.

At Florence they 'met Zangwill, the Jew, who is a friend of the Berensons': they 'liked him very much and found him very witty and interesting', though 'his manners, especially at table, are not perfect'. He spilled his salad onto Bessie's best silk dress, which had to be sent to Florence to have the stain removed - but his 'other merits' make up for such things. The Russells are now staying at the Berensons'; the Trevelyans just missed seeing them. Is glad that [Alys] seems to be 'almost quite well again' now; has seen 'a good deal' of [Bertrand] over the last few months in London and at Dorking.

His parents should look at Murray's translation of Euripides' Hippolytus and Bacchae, which 'in many ways is very well done'; does not think the 'effect is very like Euripides' but that as an 'original poem... it has great merits'. Murray's notes also 'throw great light on the plays from a theatrical and dramatic point of view', and his introduction is 'very interesting'. There is also a translation of Aristophanes' Frogs: 'much of it reads very well', but opinions may differ on 'the possibility of putting Aristophanes into English verse'. Thinks Murray's Hippolytus is better than his Bacchae.

They hope Sir George has had 'no more rheumatism' and will keep well all through the winter, and that his book [the next volume of The American Revolution] is 'getting on well'. Their love to Robert's parents, Charles, and George.

Letter from Hasan Shahid Suhrawardy to R. C. Trevelyan

Trinity College, Cambridge. - Came to Cambridge about four days ago to visit a sick friend, intending to visit Trevelyan on Saturday, but the cold weather and snow gave him a bad cold; hopes Trevelyan received the message that he would be unable to come which he sent via a friend in London; apologises for the inconvenience and says how disappointed he is. Has been to see Bertrand Russell speak to the Indians in Cambridge; it was a fine speech and 'the Indians here simply adore him'.

Letter from Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson to R. C. Trevelyan

13A Hanover Terrace Ladbroke Grove. - Is sceptical about the translation of his books into German. Sorry to hear that Trevelyan has had mumps; hopes he has now recovered. At heart is miserable about the state of Europe; distractions include dinner with Clive [Bell?] and [Ralph?] Hawtrey, and the new letters of Byron, which he discusses at length with comments on morality. Has also been reading the 'absurd' book [Home Life with Herbert Spencer]. Morgan [Forster] has returned, unhappy because he cannot write (with which Trevelyan will sympathise). Met Bertie [Russell] and his wife at the Sangers'; does not think he will like 'Mrs Bertie'. Mrs [Beatrice] Mayor's two plays [The Girl and the City and Thirty Minutes in a Street] were acted on Sunday [2 Apr 1922, at the Kingsway Theatre]; supposes they were not much of a success but he was interested by them, particularly that acted by her sister [Betty Potter]. Has had long walk with [Nathaniel] Wedd who is 'gallant' but not well; Dickinson sceptical about the psychoanalysis he is receiving. Sends best regards to Trevelyan and his hosts [the Berensons].

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Thanks Robert for his letter of 21 November [46/102], which only arrived this evening due to one train being snowed in near Reedsmouth on Monday night and the other 'opposite Donkin-rig'. There was four foot of snow on the road to the station, the telegraphs were broken, and they were cut off from the outside world for three days. It is 'like the Siege of Londonderry or (to please Elizabeth) the Relief of Leyden [Leiden]'. Good to hear about the [new] house and garden; Robert and Elizabeth are lucky to have had fine weather for building, as Sir George and Caroline were for their kennels and farm buildings. Very much liked the 'Chinese pieces', though cannot tell from Robert's letter whether they were by him or Professor [Herbert] Giles; Bessy can tell Caroline when she next writes. Is eager to see Robert's book.

Letter from Sir George Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

Wallington, Cambo, Northumberland. - Robert's letter [46/101] came with 'the best piece of public news' he can remember: the settlement of the 'Russian business' [the Dogger Bank incident] is a great tribute to British power, good sense, and 'the estimation in which, after all her faults, [Britain] is regarded by the European community'. Glad Robert had such a good time with Caroline in London; very interested to hear about his play ["The Birth of Parsival"]. Agrees that [Turgenev's] "Dimitri Roudine" is 'an excellent whole'. Is expecting Caroline later today; the shooting party will be on Monday, 'buffers all, except for Charles'. Glad [Bertrand] Russell is getting on well with his work, though he will depend on Robert to explain it to him.

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Elizabeth des Amorie van der Hoeven

3, Hare Court, Inner Temple, London E.C. - Apologises for not replying sooner; went to Cambridge on Saturday and found 'so much to do and talk about' that there was no time to write. Is going to Dorking tomorrow as his furniture is coming; the house should have been ready a week ago. Will dine with his mother that evening, then on Thursday he is going to Harrow to play [rugby] football against the school on Founders' Day; afterwards will dine at the Headmasters' and go to a 'smoking concert'; the day after that he will dine at his father's club. Will only then really begin the solitude of his 'rural retreat' and is looking forward to 'a quiet and industrious time at last'. Glad Bessie liked the Frys and they got on well with her uncle; not surprised she found 'a certain difficulty in becoming intimate with them', since he thinks Fry's mind is very different to hers and that he is not always quick to adapt himself, while Helen Fry is not like that but is often 'rather diplomatic in conversation until she knows all about a person'; this is not insincerity, as some people think. Heard from them today [see 4/27]; they enjoyed their visit, and Fry seems to have taken 'tremendously' to her uncle and aunt. Went to Highgate last week to see Tom [Sturge] Moore the poet, who read two new poems; criticises the first line of the one about Leda and the swan; Moore is 'always charmingly good-natured when one criticises, and sometimes even will be convinced.' Spent most of yesterday talking to Tom's brother [George] the philosopher. Great excitement at Trinity as the philosopher MacTaggart [sic: John McTaggart], who used to 'disapprove of marriage on metaphysical grounds, is bringing home a New Zealand hospital nurse called Daisy Bird as his wife'; he may need consolation as on his return from his year in New Zealand he will find that Moore and another [Bertrand Russell?], 'his most promising pupils and followers, have set up an entirely new and antagonistic system of the universe'. Sat at dinner at Trinity next to a science fellow [John Newport?] Langley whom he likes very much, who knows and thinks highly of [Ambrosius?] Hubrecht; Langley asked whether "[Till] Eulenspiegel" was originally written in Flanders; perhaps Grandmont knows. Has begun to learn German; finding it easier than expected in some ways, but has not yet got far. What Bessie says about women's tendency to either conceal or be overly frank about their ages seems more or less true to him; her allusion to his having had 'the benefit of women's society and friendship' amuses him, as if she wanted to make him 'a sort of Platonic and sentimental Don Juan' which he is certainly not; before her he has known very few women well, and only in one or two cases has he known them ' rather sentimentally' at some point; does not consider himself 'at all learned in women's psychology and character'. Finishing this letter in the room of a friend who has 'studied the female character far more profoundly', but since he has never fallen in love to his knowledge, Bob looks on him as his inferior.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

G[ran]d Hotel Trinacria, Palermo. - Was fortunate that he received a telegram saying the baby [Julian] had recovered before any letter on the subject; is very sorry that Bessie and Bob had such anxiety, and hopes that all is well now. Arrived here last night, and likes it as much as he hates Naples. is reading [George Meredith's] "Rhoda Fleming" again, and now agrees with Bob about its 'inferiority', and that it is 'melodramatic' and beneath the writer; feels that the 'alleged "illegitimate-son-of-Ld-Lytton element"' which gives 'a necessary spice' to most of Meredith's works here completely takes over. It is 'no use writing or even talking' about politics; hopes 'God will inspire our leaders to retrieve the situation that some insane Devil has induced them to throw away'. Necessary to be loyal, so 'the less said the better'. Can 'imagine Bertie [Russell] talking on the subject of Sir E[dward] Grey!!'. Met a 'very nice Oxford, Balliol Don' at Naples, not A.L. [Arthur Lionel] but J.A. [John Alexander] Smith; George thought him a good philosopher and a 'very good man'. He admired Bertie [Russell], and discussed [Henry] Sidgwick and McTaggart 'excellently and critically. George expects 'there are good things about Oxford': there are 'a few great philosophers' at Cambridge, while at Oxford 'the young men are taught a little philosophy', this is 'perhaps not a bad division of labour'.

Letter from E. M. Forster to R. C. Trevelyan

W[est] H[ackhurst]. - Is glad that both Trevelyan and Bessie like the Notes [see 3/72] and think they will do for the Abinger Chronicle. R.B. is Reggie Bray. Wishes the Trevelyans had always edited the Chronicle; previously did not like the 'critical standard that controlled it' and found contributing 'uphill work'. Florence [Barger] is away with Evert; no doubt she will ring Bessie soon. Forster would like to come over too. Glad Trevelyan has seen Bertie [Russell]. The P.E.N. flyer on which the letter is written is 'an indication not an invitation'.

Letter from Alys Russell to Nora Sidgwick

Claims that she and her husband had wanted to write to her or to Henry, but until Miss Harrison gave them Nora's 'kind message', they were afraid of seeming to intrude. Expresses their sympathy at Henry's illness, who they regard as 'such a dear and valued friend.' Refers to Henry's 'sympathy and kindliness', and claims that at Cambridge 'he has always filled half of [their] horizon', and she cannot imagine what it will be like if he is not allowed to come back the following winter. Claims that there are certain places near Newnham that she can never see 'without hoping that Dr. Sidgwick may appear in sight to say a few words' to her as he passes by. Hopes that he is not suffering any pain, and that he is recovering well. States that 'Bertie is in despair about the professorship [as] there is no one who can possibly fill Dr. Sidgwick's place'.

Russell, Alyssa Whitall (1867-1951) relief worker, known as Alys

Letter from R. C. Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

Has not written for a few days, but has not had much news; all 'pretty well in spite of the cold'; hopes Bessie has been able to continue her 'short walks'. Went to Leith Hill Place yesterday and had a 'delightful talk' with [Leslie] Hotson, the 'scholar who has so many documents about Shakespeare and Marlow and their contemporaries'; used to know him in the Quakers Mission in France during the First World War, and he was also an old friend of Lascelles and Catherine [Abercrombie]. The Times Lit[erary] Supplement is sending him a book of translations from Greek poetry by F. L. Lucas for review ["Greek Poetry for Everyman"]; 'sure to be interesting', and much of it probably good; will keep him occupied for 'some time'. Thinks he has told Bessie about the dinner the [Apostles'] Society are giving in honour of him, George and Desmond [MacCarthy]; they have promised not to make Bob give a speech, so he can enjoy his dinner. May be his last visit to [George and Janet] at the Lodge [since George's time as Master of Trinity is nearly over]. Will see Humphry and G.E. M[oore]. Hopes to visit Bessie again soon when it is 'not quite so cold'. Wrote to Bertie [Russell] recently. Asks to be remembered to K.T. B[luth] and Theo.

Letter from Logan Pearsall Smith to R. C. Trevelyan

High Buildings, Haslemere. - Mrs Berenson says she has written to tell Trevelyan about the house to let at Fernhurst; urges him and his wife to come and see it, as it might suit them for a year or two until they get Blackdown Cottage; they could stay with him. Ought to have thanked Trevelyan for his play ["The Birth of Parsifal"], which he likes very much; is glad he tried prose and tells him to carry on. Asks him if he has read [Robert] Bridges "Hexameters", and what he thinks. Is swamped in 'pedantry & MS.': wants to prove he can 'be as dull & dry as B.B. [Berenson] or Bertie [Russell]'.

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R. C. Trevelyan

2, Cheyne Gardens. - Sorry not to have seen more of Bob and Bessie yesterday, but had a deadline to finish some work, and then 'Desmond [MacCarthy] made us miss our train'. Would come to visit, 'but for the uncertainty of when our family event here [the forthcoming birth of his and Janet's son Theodore] will be'; thinks he should wait until after that, but asks if they will be at the Shiffolds in July. Goldie [Dickinson]'s speech, as well as [Robin] Mayor's, Bob's, and 'perhaps Bertie [Russell]'s' [at the Apostles dinner] were 'great', especially Mayor's; would 'scarcely have thought Robin had it in him', though there are 'traditions of his great vice-president speech'.

Letter from Caroline Trevelyan to Elizabeth Trevelyan

8, Grosvenor Crescent. - Rather 'wonderful how many liberals' Elizabeth and Robert have had in 'such a small party' [of fellow guests at Ravello]: Mr [Henry John?] Roby is 'a fine old fellow'; knows who Miss Williams is. Hears of many people going to Rome and Sicily now. Understands that Elizabeth wants to stop in Holland while Robert 'joins the Easter party [organised by George Moore]'. Has reserved tickets for the Joachim concerts; would very much like to go with Elizabeth and would be able to find other takers on occasions when unable to attend. Elizabeth was elected to the [Grosvenor Crescent] club and Caroline has paid her sub. Sir George is talking to Mr Longman downstairs now; Caroline is glad the play [Robert's "Cecilia Gonzaga"] will soon be out. The Bertie Russells visited on Sunday; she is 'much better, & looked quite different'; they are moving soon to Churt, a neighbourhood Caroline likes but supposes Elizabeth and Robert prefer Haslemere. She and Sir George are anxious they should find a nice house this summer. Asks for news of the Cacciolas; sends love to Florence and 'kindest regards to the Signor', as well as remembrances to the Grandmonts and Marie [Hubrecht].

Letter from George Macaulay Trevelyan to R.C. Trevelyan

22 Sussex Villas, W. - Glad that Bob and Bessie have got 'such a jolly place [for a holiday]. It is wet hell here'. Agrees that Desmond [MacCarthy] should not take up politics, though [Bertrand] Russell and Theo [Llewelyn Davies] 'urge him on'; at least it would be better if he could concentrate on reviewing for money, which he needs to do to 'keep his mother comfortable (much more ever to marry)' and writing books, his 'end in life'; he should not 'complicate' this with politics, particularly given ill health. If Desmond does go out to join Bob and Bessie, as George will encourage him to do, Bob might 'have some influence'. Desmond wants to make some money 'to enable his mother to stop in London', but 'needs encouragement' or he will not bring himself to do so 'by reviewing books that don't amuse him'; he is not yet 'in a position to dictate to the literary wold and get the sort of reviewing he wants'. Originally enclosing a letter of Tom [Sturge Moore]'s; George regrets that they will not be able to include his article [in the "Independent Review"], so is all the more eager to have Bob's review of Tom's poetry this spring; Tom has 'stood so much... in the matter of the review that [George] fears his honeymoon patience will be exhausted' if as well as rejecting his articles, the "Review" does not discuss his poetry.

Letter from Bernard Langdon-Davies to R. C. Trevelyan

22 Bride Lane, E.C.4., London. - Thanks Trevelyan for the 'admirably printed book' [the "Pterodamozels'] which he found on his 'return from Conway'. Much liked the book when he saw it in manuscript, as Trevelyan knows, and is glad it has 'so suitable a setting'; hopes sales will go well. Supposes Trevelyan will have seen the 'enclosed programme [no longer present: perhaps the 'Charter of Freedom'? See also 19/61] and the articles upon it in the "[Daily] Herald"; in confidence, it is 'the product of a purely informal little group of us' including [Norman] Angell and [Bertrand] Russell, who have 'undertaken considerable liabilities for printing, advertising and distribution' and would be very grateful if Trevelyan could spare any money to help if he approves of it 'either in itself or as a kind of gadfly to others, which was our object'.

Postscript in another hand [Marjorie Manus's] that Mrs Manus will let Trevelyan have the names tomorrow, and apologising for the 'unavoidable delay'.

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